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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract High-temperature exposure of materials occurs in many applications such as power plants (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear), land-based gas turbine and diesel engines, gas turbine engines for aircraft, marine gas turbine engines for shipboard use, waste incineration, high-temperature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... coatings for aircraft turbines, marine turbines, and industrial turbines. physical vapor deposition chemical vapor deposition sputtering evaporation ion plating graphite aluminum coating steel alloy coating gas turbines aircraft turbines marine turbines industrial turbines VAPOR...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., during straight and level flight, aircraft jet engines have essentially constant temperatures and imposed loads, where steady-state creep (and the environment) are the primary damage mechanisms. During takeoff and landing, however, the transient demand for more power output induces load and temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... article presents a list of several superalloys that have been used in gas turbine engines or that are emerging as replacements because of the promise of increased operating temperatures and higher efficiencies for the aircraft of the future. It concentrates on the objectives, results, and methodology of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... superalloys aircraft turbine blades directional solidification casting THE PRIMARY GOALS in the continuing development of the aircraft gas turbine are increased operating temperatures and improved efficiencies. A more efficient turbine is required to achieve lower fuel consumption. Higher turbine inlet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... operated in hot corrosion environments. Base metals for industrial gas turbines are usually selected so that they have some resistance to hot corrosion, although this is not always the case. These alloys have a composition that prevents them from achieving the strength levels of aircraft alloys, which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... particular aspects that relate to damage tolerance in aircraft design. It discusses the use of fracture mechanics as a method of predicting failure, understanding failure mechanisms, and suggesting inspection methods to protect against failure in pressure vessels. Various programs of U.S. Air Force to design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... conditions is the primary objective of the test. Thus, rigs with natural-gas or jet-fuel burners are common in the land-based and aircraft gas turbine industries. Petrochemical reaction chambers, exhaust flue gas, carburizing or nitriding heat-treating furnaces, and heat exchangers for coal-fired power...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the widespread use of diffusion coatings for elevated-temperature protection of the turbine components for aircraft engines and gas turbines. The principles of pack diffusion coating, namely, aluminizing, chromizing, and siliconizing, are discussed. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... distinctions between the different forms of erosion. It discusses steam turbine blade erosion, aircraft rain erosion, and rain erosion of wind turbine blades. The article describes the mechanisms of liquid impact erosion and time dependence of erosion rate. It reviews critical empirical observations regarding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... turbine installations ranges anywhere from 1MW (micro turbines) to greater than 400MW for industrial gas turbines and from 10MW to 1000MW for steam turbines. Industrial gas and steam turbines are typically much larger than aircraft engines in size and in weight of the components, and present a different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... processes that occur between both those materials. In applications that require strong joints for high-temperature, high-stress service conditions (such as turbine rotor assemblies and jet-engine components), it is generally wise to specify a brazing filler metal that has high diffusion and solution...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Superalloys are nickel, iron-nickel, and cobalt-base alloys generally used for high-temperature applications. Superalloys are used in aircraft, industrial, marine gas turbines, nuclear reactors, spacecraft structures, petrochemical production, orthopedic and dental prostheses, and...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... MACHINING (STEM) was originally developed and refined by General Electric Aircraft Engine Group for drilling holes with large depth-to-diameter ratios, which could not be drilled conventionally. Initially, such holes had been attempted by electrochemical machining (ECM), but the normal ECM process produces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-generation plants (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear), pulp and paper mills, waste-incineration sites, numerous industrial chemical processes, diesel engines (power, land vehicle, and maritime), and gas turbine (land-based, marine shipboard, and aircraft). Predicting corrosion of metals and alloys or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract This article is concerned with gear tooth failures influenced by friction, lubrication, and wear, and especially those failure modes that occur in wind-turbine components. It provides a detailed discussion on wear (including adhesion, abrasion, polishing, fretting, and electrical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... 0.55 0.65 1.25 0.50 0.25 603 6303, 6436 17–22 AV K22770 Turbine rotors and aircraft parts 0.27 0.75 0.65 1.25 0.50 0.85 610 6437, 6485 H11 mod T20811 K74015 Ultrahigh-strength components 0.40 0.30 0.90 5.00 1.30 0.50 AISI designation Room-temperature tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article provides non-proprietary and non-competition-sensitive information related to aircraft applications. It presents an overview of reliability and commonly used measurements. Failure modes that cause the negative performance are reviewed based on many types of sources. These...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... introduced into military and commercial aircraft gas turbines in the 1960s and 1970s, respectively. In the 1980s, DS alloys were used in land-based turbines. In the early 1980s, SC alloys were used for commercial test engines. In the 1990s, SC alloys were used in land-based turbine applications. Table 1...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; recrystallize- and β-anneals are used with the ELI grade for improved damage tolerance characteristics. The ELI grade provides the best damage tolerance properties, but suffers a significant debit in fatigue strength. It is used for aircraft gas turbine disks and blades; is extensively used, in all mill product...