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adaptive segmentation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... observation and output of the image to a printer. The methods used to enhance the digital image and to extract quantitative information are also described. Different types of image segmentation, namely, adaptive segmentation and contour-based segmentation, are reviewed. The article also presents case studies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... and a real-time adaptive control system connected through a computer communications interface. This article focuses on the application of intelligent automation system to arc welding, called WELDEXCELL, and other joining processes. An outline of the interface between off-line planners and real-time control...
Book Chapter

By Yoram Koren
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... or computer assisted off-line programming methods for programming the tools with the aid of the automatically programmed tool language. It also explains point-to-point and continuous-path or contouring of NC systems and the adaptive systems used for NC. References References 1. Koren Y...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
.... 9 Variation of chip/tool interface temperature with speed for AISI 4340 steel. Adapted from Ref 36 Fig. 6 Variation of shear stress, τ, versus shear strain, γ, at different strain rates γ ˙ . The focus of shear instability is given by ∂τ/∂γ = 0. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005895
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... status, this can be corrected by adapting the compensation and balancing elements. Today the skull melting technology has found various applications in different areas of the industry, including: The physical principle of the ISMT without using a segmented cold crucible is shown in Fig. 24...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... (a) H11 die steel SAE 1020 SAE 4140 Medium and large castings Gray iron (a) Gray iron (a) Gray iron, H 11, H 13 (a) SAE 1020 SAE 4140 (a) Meehanite types of gray iron are also suitable. Source: Adapted from Ref 2 Fig. 1 (a) Examples of permanent mold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... but different shape ratings caused by internal holes. Fig. 29 Simulated images of a single pore or particle. (a) Idealized. (b) Simulated, more realistic image. Gray-level distribution functions are plotted along the line segments shown in each image. Fig. 30 Simulated image with uneven...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... is not practical. Grippers and wiping shoes or rollers are made to conform to the rolled or extruded shape that is to be stretch formed. Jaws used for gripping sheet in stretch draw forming can be segmented or contoured to apply equal stretch to all parts of the sheet as it is formed. The vertical adapter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... adaptive histogram equalization ( Fig. 4 ). In each normalized image, the part is segmented from the unfused powder using a level-set method. (Note that this segmentation method is effective and efficient for identifying the area of each image that corresponds to a part. It is not as accurate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... experimental data are actually input and used in the simulations. Three-Dimensional Characterization Methods Serial Sectioning by Mechanical Material-Removal Methods Segmentation Focused Ion Beam Tomography Simulations—Inputting and Using 3-D Data Acknowledgment References References 1...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... have become the fastest-growing segment of the nontraditional market. Given the diversity of energy sources used in this category (electrons, photons, electrical sparks, and so forth), generalizations are difficult to make concerning the application of these processes. Thermal processes are generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...-Camera Distance Determination Pixel Counting Segmentation Edge Detection Color Analysis Feature Extraction Boundary Pattern Analysis Generalized Hough Transform Match Graph Cluster Analysis Support Vector Machine (SVM) Original Artificial Neuronal Network Concept...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Fig. 20 Effect of aging on precipitation in an aluminum W319 alloy. Source: Adapted from Ref 2 Fig. 21 Calculated effects of the individual components of the aging response. Source: Adapted from Ref 2 Fig. 22 High-resolution scanning transmission microscope image...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... the lattice and leave the steel in the diffusion segments of the carburizing cycle. The carbon transfer of glow discharges depend on the current density, voltage, frequency, type of gas, gas mixture, process gas pressure, and temperature. Figure 7 shows the influence of current density on carbon transfer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... samples with and without defects at that position, indicating the areas associated with probability of detection (POD) and probability of false alarm (PFA). (b) Presentation of the POD and PFA on a receiver operating characteristic curve Fig. 7 Adaptive immersion imaging. (a) Image of couplant...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... by the activation of many dislocations traveling in waves from the tool tip to the free surface. The lamella represents heavily deformed material that has been segmented by the shear fronts. When machined, all metals deform by this basic mechanism. The shear fronts relieve the applied stress. The forces...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of ODs and wall thicknesses. To create a blank, one simply saws off the required portion of hollow bar and places it into the furnace. As mentioned earlier, there is only one ideal blank for every ring size. However, due to the ability of the CNC control to adapt for variations in blank dimensions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... urethane linkages. The resultant cured polymer is physically crosslinked by a microphase-separated structure that compromises hard and soft segments. It is this unique structure that gives the polymer its balance of high strength and flexibility/toughness. The soft segment is made from the polyol component...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... and performance of an induction coil working under vacuum and inert gas conditions are different from those for standard air induction furnaces. The design of the induction coil must be adapted to the metallurgical and operational duties of the furnace, the quality of material to be melted, and the type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... of a three-dimensional object based on the projection angle to generate a sinogram, (e) performing Fourier transform on a sinogram, (f) reorienting the 1D Fourier transform sinogram in a polar coordinate and mapping the signal from polar to Cartesian coordinate (adapted from Wiki by P. Selinger), and (g...