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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Source: Adapted from Ref 2 Mold coatings are applied to metal mold and core surfaces to serve as a barrier between the molten metal being cast and the surface of the mold during mold filling and solidification. The primary purposes of mold coatings are: Protect the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... temperatures measured by tensile strength. Source: Ref 16 . (b) Magnesium alloys as measured by aging time versus Vicker's hardness. Source: Ref 17 , adapted from Ref 18 Fig. 2 Effect of solute content on peak yield strength. Source: Ref 16 In general, the ability to age harden a material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...? This section discusses adaptive imaging, nonlinear enhancements to linear imaging, superresolution imaging, and scattering matrix extraction. Ultrasonic array inspections have been developed across a range of industries. Sometimes array inspections have been used to replace an existing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... propagation at a microjunction. Adapted from Ref 16 Adhesive material transfer can be in the form of either thin flakelike or wedgelike wear particles, as described by Kayaba and Kato in Ref 18 . Tangential shear under compression at the contact interface of a strong adhesive bond generates slips...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., light-cure acrylics; CA/P, cyanoacrylates with primer; SI, silicones. Source: Adapted from Ref 22 Table 3 Performance and process attributes of common medical adhesives Performance Cyanoacrylates Light-cure acrylics Epoxies Polyurethanes Silicones Temperature resistance, °C (°F...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... method coupled with the adaptation of hot isostatic pressing (HIP) to the most critical castings (see the article “Titanium and Titanium Alloy Castings” in this Volume). Significant design complexity, tolerance, and surface-finish control have been achieved, and large parts approaching 1.5 m (5 ft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... Binary image: A binary image represents the image content with either values of 0 or values of 1. Techniques to create a binary image are thresholding or adaptive thresholding: assuming the image channel is represented in a range between 0 to 255, one picks a number, and everything in the range below...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...) emerging ultrasound generation technologies. EMAT, electromagnetic acoustic transducer. Adapted from Ref 1 In addition to single-element transducers, ultrasound now is increasingly produced using a phased array, in which a matrix of piezoelectric elements is controlled electronically to produce a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the specimen. Reprinted/adapted from Ref 27 with permission of Springer Nature It is crucial to consider this interaction volume when evaluating the SEM as a probe into the chemical composition and structure of a specimen. Spot size, d s , is an important parameter regarding the physical...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... a blank, one simply saws off the required portion of hollow bar and places it into the furnace. As mentioned earlier, there is only one ideal blank for every ring size. However, due to the ability of the CNC control to adapt for variations in blank dimensions and still make an acceptable product, it...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... by Degreasing or Pickling” , “Fluxing” , and “Single-Pot Tinning” were adapted from D.J. Maykuth, Hot Dip Tin Coating of Steel and Cast Iron, Surface Cleaning, Finishing, and Coating , Volume 5, 9th Edition, Metals Handbook, American Society for Metals, 1982, p 351–355 Iron and steel parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... procedures, reimbursement policy, personalized medicine, and “systems thinking” call on a “new economy” device designer, engaged as an integral part of the device ecosystem, not an observer from the sidelines. The application examples describing knee implants and cardiac pacemakers were adapted...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... demonstrated the commercial success of induction tempering for many applications. Induction tempering has proved particularly adaptable to automation in production lines. Table 2 lists the frequencies and power sources for induction tempering of steel. Flame hardening is applied to a wide diversity of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... adapted to cold (impact) extrusion. The lower-strength, more ductile alloys, such as 1100 and 3003, are the easiest to extrude. When higher mechanical properties are required in the final product, heat treatable grades are used. Although nearly all aluminum alloys can be cold extruded, the five alloys...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., and low temperature resistance. They are available as castable liquids, as millable solids, and as thermoplastic elastomers (discussed below). Polysulfides are one of the oldest synthetic rubbers. The technology has been adapted so that a liquid, low-molecular-weight polymer is compounded with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... are dynamic recovery, dynamic recrystallization, metadynamic recrystallization, static recovery, static recrystallization, and grain growth ( Ref 16 , 17 ). This article was adapted from H. Hu, “Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain-Growth Structures” in Metallography and Microstructures...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...: Ref 1 Many of the techniques developed for copper alloys have been adapted for aluminum and steel. In a general timeline of developments ( Table 1 ), the breakthrough in continuous casting of nonferrous alloys can be credited to Eldred in 1930 ( Ref 2 ). He developed a machine using graphite as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... decreases, as the thickness of the laminate and the area of the repair become larger. By contrast, the scarf joint originally seemed particularly well adapted to advanced composite materials, as it was to wood, the original composite material. (A scarf joint is made by cutting away segments of two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...; T M /2. Fig. 4 Variation of the strain-rate sensitivity of different materials with homologous temperature, T / T M . Adapted from Ref 5 More detailed data for aluminum alloys are given in Fig. 5 ( Ref 6 ). Although the definition of m in this figure is based on shear stress and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... produces the same qualitative effects on the temperature dependence of the modulus as does crystallinity. In both cases, long-range segmental motion necessary for complete, liquidlike flow is restricted (by chemical linkages, in the case of thermosets, and by crystallites that act as virtual cross-links...