1-20 of 185 Search Results for

acid etching

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coating of aluminum. These include abrasive blast cleaning, barrel finishing, polishing, buffing, satin finishing, chemical cleaning, chemical brightening, electrolytic brightening, chemical etching, alkaline etching, acid etching, chemical conversion coating, electroplating, immersion plating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... type of acid cleaner used. In any acid cleaning operation, etching usually occurs. In many instances, this light etching is advantageous for final finishing operations. However, if etching is not permissible, some other cleaning process should be used. Limitations of acid cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation, corrosion by halogens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Electrodeposition of tin alloys is used to protect steel against corrosion or wear, to impart resistance to etching, and to facilitate soldering. This article focuses on the compositions, operating conditions, advantages, and limitations of methane sulfonic acid plating solutions and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and strip. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is also used for special purposes, such as etching before galvanizing or tinning. Nitric-hydrofluoric acid mixtures are used to pickle stainless steel. Hydrofluoric acid is sometimes used when pickling castings to remove sand. Mixtures of hydrochloric and sulfuric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... metal loss or etching. It does not preferentially attack areas in which intergranular carbides are present. It is particularly useful in descaling the straight chromium grades without the preliminary sandblasting that is frequently required prior to acid descaling. Use of molten salts is not...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... transmitter 50 mm diam 2 in. diam 5052-O Burnish, alkaline etch Sulfuric acid Dye, seal (k) Gas mask Wheel pistons Up to 5200 mm 2 area Up to 8 in. 2 area 6151 Machine Sulfuric acid (l) Seal Wear and corrosion (m) Computer chip hat 160 by 160 6.2 by 6.2 6063-T6 Non-etch clean...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... ulcers of the upper respiratory tract. HF must be contained in non-silicon-base materials, such as synthetic fluorine-containing resin or polyethylene, which are not susceptible to etching or dissolution by the acid. Additionally, it will react violently with solids such as calcium oxide, sodium, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article provides a detailed account of the various alkaline and acid plating baths used for electrolytic copper plating. Dilute cyanide and Rochelle cyanide baths, high-efficiency sodium and potassium cyanide baths, alkaline noncyanide copper plating baths, and alkaline copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and chemical contaminants. When inspecting concrete prior to coating installation, three areas of concern exist: surface roughness, moisture content in concrete, and acidity/alkalinity of the surface. The article provides information on the industry standards for assessing surface cleanliness. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) NaCN 20–45 g/L (3–6 oz/gal) Room temperature 30–60 5 Anodic acid etch (c) H 2 SO 4 250–1005 g/L (33.5–134 oz/gal) 30 max 86 max 60 max Low-carbon steel bulk-processed parts 6 Alkaline cleaner (d) Alkali 30–60 g/L (4–8 oz/gal) 82–99 180–210 60–120 7 Acid pickle HCl 25...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., dry, or dip in rust preventative Solvent wipe Vapor degrease Phosphoric acid etch Solvent wipe Emulsion dip or spray, rinse Vapor degrease Alkaline spray Solvent wipe Emulsion soak, barrel rinse, electrolytic alkaline rinse, hydrochloric acid dip, rinse Continuous high production Automatic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Correct by increasing etching time. Rough surface before plating Chromic acid content too high. Correct by removing portion of solution; dilute the remainder and adjust. Low temperature Low sulfate content Current density too high Pitted deposits Marking dye not completely removed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., rinsing after phosphating, and chromic acid rinsing. The article describes the techniques for controlling the chemical composition of various phosphating solutions. It discusses the equipment and factors that influence equipment requirements in immersion and spray systems. The article also describes the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... molybdenum. Table 3 lists nonelectrolytic techniques that are also in use. Table 2 Etching solutions and conditions for molybdenum Solution composition Amount Anodic current density Time, min Temperature g/L oz/gal A/dm 2 A/ft 2 °C °F Sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4 880 1140 2–10...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... stainless steel. This article describes the surface treatment of stainless steels including abrasive blast cleaning, acid pickling, salt bath descaling, passivation treatments, electropolishing, and the necessary coating processes involved. It also describes the surface treatment of heat-resistant alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... matrix of kappa and alpha. The small points are rosettes and rods of kappa, a quarterly phase of CuAlNiFe. Acid etched in ferric chloride. Original magnification 400×. Courtesy of Frauke Hogue, Hogue Metallography Nickel-aluminum bronzes are more complex in structure with the introduction of the κ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...), electrocleaning, acid dipping, and zinc conversion coating treatments. acid dipping alkaline cleaning brushing buffing coating coating adherence controlled shot peening conversion coatings corrosion resistance electrocleaning emulsion cleaning mechanical finishing parting lines finishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article describes the allotropic modification and atmospheric corrosion of pure tin. Corrosion of pure tin due to oxidation reaction, and reaction with the other gases, water, acids, bases, and other liquid media, is discussed. The article provides information on corrosion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... series of metals and alloys valid for dilute aqueous solutions, such as seawater and weak acids. It provides useful information on the effects of alloy compositions, selection for specific environments, and atmospheric corrosion of selected copper alloys. The article also tabulates the corrosion ratings...