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acid etching

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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 15 Effect of abrasive cleaning and acid etching on the lap shear strength of AS4/APC-2 laminates. Source: Ref 15 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 16 Effect of abrasive cleaning and acid etching on fusion-bonded AS4-APC-2 laminates. Test coupons were joined by ultrasonic welding. Source: Ref 15 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 21 Oxalic acid etch screening. (a) Oxalic acid etch (Original magnification: 500×). Step structure. Etched 1 A/cm 2 for 1.5 min. (b) Oxalic acid etch (Original magnification: 500×). Ditch structure. Etched 1 A/cm 2 for 1.5 min. (c) Oxalic acid etch (Original magnification: 250×). Dual More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Hot acid etched longitudinal centerline section from the drive-wheel side of axle 1611. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Hot acid etched longitudinal centerline section from the commutator side of axle 1611. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Hot acid etched longitudinal centerline section from the drive-wheel side of axle 2028. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 7 Hot acid etched longitudinal centerline section from the commutator side of axle 2028. More
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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 9 Ground-coat enameling, acid-etch/nickel-deposition process (dip or spray application) No. Solution Composition Temperature Cycle time, min °C °F Dip Spray 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) Cleaner, 15–60 g/L (2–8 oz/gal) (b) Ambient to 100 (c) Ambient to 212 (c) 6–12 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 16 Composite material having a dispersed phase that was acid etched for 30 s using the CrO 3 /HNO 3 , etch described in Table 3 . Reflected-light phase contrast, 50× objective More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 7 Ground-coat enameling, acid-etch/nickel-deposition process (dip or spray application) No. Solution Composition Temperature Cycle time, min °C °F Dip Spray 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) Cleaner, 15–60 g/L (2–8 oz/gal) (b) Ambient to 100 (c) Ambient to 212 (c) 6–12 More
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Published: 12 September 2022
Fig. 5 (a) Electron micrographs for acid-etched Co-Cr-Mo alloy after surface laser melting along the interface. Tribological results display (b) the normalized wear rate for commercially available CoCr alloy and treated samples and (c) the contact resistance values during tribological testing More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract Etching aluminum can be a pretreatment step for anodizing, chemical conversion coating, metal-to-rubber bonding, and a host of other processes. Chemical etching, using either alkaline or acid solutions, produces a matte finish on aluminum products. This article describes the alkaline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and coating of aluminum. These include abrasive blast cleaning, barrel finishing, polishing, buffing, satin finishing, chemical cleaning, chemical brightening, electrolytic brightening, chemical etching, alkaline etching, acid etching, chemical conversion coating, electroplating, immersion plating...
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Published: 31 August 2017
in the type B specimen in Fig. 15 , because this specimen contained more carbon. (a) As-cast. 2% nital etch. Original magnification: 100×. (b) As-cast. 2% nital etch. Original magnification: 500×. (c) As-cast. Beraha’s sulfamic acid etch No. 1. Original magnification: 100×. (d) As-cast. Beraha’s sulfamic More
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Published: 01 January 2003
of the tank. 25×. 10% oxalic acid etch. (b) Higher-magnification view of cracks. These branched transgranular cracks are typical of chloride stress-corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steel. 250×. 10% oxalic acid etch. Source: Ref 39 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
in a matrix of martensite and fine spheroidized M 3 C carbides. Left: Hot aqueous picric acid etch, 100×. Right: Hot aqueous picric acid etch, 1000× More
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Published: 31 August 2017
in a matrix of martensite and fine spheroidized M 3 C carbides. (a) Hot aqueous picric acid etch. Original magnification: 100×. (b) Hot aqueous picric acid etch. Original magnification: 1000× More
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Published: 31 December 2017
in a matrix of martensite and fine spheroidized M 3 C carbides. (a) Hot aqueous picric acid etch. Original magnification: 100×. (b) Hot aqueous picric acid etch. Original magnification: 1000× More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 12 Microstructure of type 430 ferrite stainless steel. (a) Base metal, 25 mm (1 in.) thick plate, as hot rolled; specimen from longitudinal direction. Ferrite matrix contains elongated layers of martensite and transformation products. Picral and hydrochloric acid etch, 100×. (b) Weld heat More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 46 Grain-boundary carbides in annealed 420 stainless steel tint etched with Beraha's sulfamic acid etch (No. 4) More