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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract The sealing of the anodized aluminum is a critical process in achieving the durability and extended functionality of anodizing. This article discusses the different methods for sealing the anodic coatings produced by using sulfuric acid, namely, hot deionized water, hot nickel acetate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 6 Effect of concentration and temperature on corrosion of 1100-H14 (A91100) aluminum alloy in acetic acid Fig. 7 Metal loss for 1100-H14 (A91100) aluminum alloy in acetic-acid/acetic-anhydride solutions at atmospheric boiling temperature Fig. 8 Laboratory corrosion rates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... be the source of corrosive agents. Within such protective environments, surprisingly corrosive microclimates can exist. Corrosive pollutants such as ammonia, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, formic acid, and acetic acid are often found in higher concentrations indoors than outdoors, inducing an array of chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Effect of HF addition to mixture at 79 °C (175 °F) on corrosion rates of alloys (a) 625 and (b) G-30 Fig. 8 Effect of alloying elements on corrosion rates in acetic acid and NaCl mixtures. Boiling point of 100% acetic acid is 117.9 °C (244.2 °F). Boiling point of 100% acetic anhydride is 139.6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...: 90 mL H 3 PO 4 10 mL HNO 3 Use solution A at 95–120 °C (205–250 °F); good for preliminary polish. Use solution B at 85–110 °C (185–230 °F); good for final polish. Use solution C at 85 °C (185 °F); etches grain boundaries Aluminum 70 mL H 3 PO 4 15 mL acetic acid 15 mL water Use at 100–120 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... chemicals, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) should be reviewed. Description Formula Hazards Remarks Acetic acid ≤96% CH 3 COOH Corrosive, slightly flammable Liquid: colorless aqueous solution, pungent smell, reacts violently with alkaline solutions; very hygroscopic; density, 1.06...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Sulfuric acid, dilute Evolution of acetic acid (vinegar-like odor); concentrated sulfuric acid also evolves sulfur dioxide under mild heating 2. Dry ethanol and concentrated sulfuric acid Evolves ethyl acetate (fruity odor) upon heating; dry isoamyl alcohol may be substituted for ethanol 3. Silver...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... to polishing. Classical etching would reveal the metal structure but destroy corrosion. A very long final mechanical polish, with 0.05 μm alumina and chemical etching for just 1 s using acetic acid/hydrogen peroxide, distinguishes the dark oxide from the clear, nonattacked sulfate. Source: Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... fog 35 95 N/A 24 h/cycle (b) … Acetic-acid salt fog ASTM G 85 A1 5% NaCl 1.0255–1.0400 3.1 to 3.3 (c) … Salt fog 35 95 N/A 144–240 h … Acetic-acid salt fog DIN 50021-ESS (Similar to ASTM G 85 A1) 5% NaCl 1.0255–1.0400 3.1 to 3.3 (c) … Salt fog 35 95 N/A TBD...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0005650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... , Vol 20 , May 1992 , p 34 – 39 5. Jacquet P.A. , The Safe Use of Perchloric-Acetic Electropolishing Baths , Met. Finish. , Vol 47 , 1949 , p 62 – 69 6. Comas S.M. , Gonzalez Palacin R. , and Vassallo D. , Hazards Associated with Perchloric Acid...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloys Etchant No. Composition (parts are by volume) Procedure Use 1 1 part acetic acid (glacial) Use freshly prepared solution at 80 °C (175 °F); discard after use. For macroetching: etch several minutes, rinse in water. For microetching: etch several seconds. For best results, alternate...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...), 45 mL water, 45 mL methanol Immerse for 10 s 14 5 mL acetic acid (glacial), 1 mL HNO 3 (conc), 94 mL water Immerse for 20 to 30 min. Applicability of etchants in <xref rid="a0003247-t3" ref-type="table">Table 3</xref> to microscopic examination of aluminum alloys Table 4...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... the writing of an empirical formula for the substance under investigation, that is, writing a formula expressing the relative number of the different atoms present. Some examples of empirical formulas are CH 4 (methane, natural gas), HC 2 H 3 O 2 (acetic acid), and C 2 H 6 O (ethyl alcohol). However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... properties. Fig. 1 Microstructure of a freckle in as-rolled René 41 (15 mL HCl, 10 mL acetic acid, 10 mL HNO 3 ) Heat-resistant alloys are designed for use above approximately 540 °C (1000 °F). In general, they have an austenitic (γ-phase) matrix and contain a wide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Shows general structure. Reveals constituents in magnesium/rare earth and magnesium-thorium alloys 3 Acetic glycol: 20 mL acetic acid, 1 mL HNO 3 (conc), 60 mL ethylene glycol, 20 mL water Immerse specimen face up with gentle agitation for 1–3 s for as-cast or aged metal and up to 10 s...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., Wear and Erosion, Metal Corrosion , Vol 03.02 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM , 1993 20. “Copper-Accelerated Acetic Acid—Salt Spray (Fog) Testing (CASS Test),” B 368–85, Wear and Erosion, Metal Corrosion , Vol 03.02 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM , 1993 21...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...–85 0.1–0.3 4–12 Acetic acid 0.5 20 86 0.15 6 Copol NaCl 0.03 1.2 60–94 … … Lacquer Acetic acid 0.85 33.5 … 0.1–0.5 4–20 Linseed oil NaCl 0.04–0.08 1.6–3.1 … 0.05–0.1 2–4 Alkyds NaCl 0.50 20 80 0.1–0.5 4–20 Acetic acid 0.1 4 85 … … Alkyd urea...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Amino -amine -NH 2 CH 3 NH 2 (methyl amine) Aldehyde Formyl -al CH 3 CHO (acetaldehyde) Ketone Oxo -one CH 3 COCH 3 (acetone) Acyl chloride … -oyl chloride CH 3 COCl (acetyl chloride) Carboxylic acid Carboxy -oic acid CH 3 CO 2 H (acetic acid) Ester … Alkyl...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., protective oxide film on its surface. This film is self-healing and protects the base metal from chemical and mechanical attack at temperatures to 350 °C (660 °F). As a result, zirconium resists attack in most acids, salt solutions, alkaline solutions, and organic media. Zirconium is particularly suitable...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... acid Table 5 Corrosion of austenitic stainless steels in boiling glacial acetic acid AISI type Corrosion rate mm/yr mils/yr 304 0.46 18 321 1.19 47 347 1.04 41 308 1.35 53 310 0.99 39 316 0.015 0.6 Data are from averaged results of 11, 12, and 21 day...