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accident reconstruction

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the general methods and approaches from the perspective of a reconstruction analyst and includes discussions relevant to materials failure analysts at the incident scene. The elements of accident reconstruction are described. These have conceptual similarity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and materials failure analysts. This article focuses on the general methods and approaches from the perspective of a reconstruction analyst. It describes the elements of accident reconstruction, which have conceptual similarity with the principles for failure analysis of material incidents that are less complex...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... impacts to evaluate the effectiveness of crush zones and energy dissipation, as described in the article “Modeling and Accident Reconstruction” in this Volume, are also common applications. Solutions to these problems push desktop computers and workstations to their limits and are usually best solved...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Accident Reconstruction” in this Volume. The most common application of FEA is in the determination of displacement and stress profiles in structures. Bending beams, rotating disks, pressure vessels, buildings and bridges, airplanes and automobiles, and heart valves and hip joints are all analyzed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The reason for using such low fractions of yield (or ultimate) strength is to allow for such factors as possible errors in computational assumptions, accidental overload, introduction of residual stress during processing, temperature effects, variations in material quality (including imperfections...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Accident Reconstruction” in this Volume as well as SAE standards and Federal Motor Vehicle Safety standards. Armor provides another example of a type of engineered product that deforms in service without being considered “failed.” The armor succeeds when it is able to resist the bullet or projectile...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... investigation, a substantial amount of information about the material and component properties is needed prior to testing to set up and conduct a valid test program. In other cases, environmental testing or accident reconstruction may need to be conducted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., 1988 ,” NBSIR 88-3792, National Bureau of Standards , U.S. Department of Commerce , 1988 8. Brooks B.J. and Dawson D. , “ The Esso Longford Gas Plant Accident Report of the Longford Royal Commission ,” Longford Royal Commission , Victoria, Australia , 1999 9. Macejko B...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the case of a large-scale accident scene. Other considerations for on-site examination at an accident scene are also discussed in more detail in the article “Modeling and Accident Reconstruction” in this Volume. It is also frequently desirable to make acetate tape replicas or room-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... the stress reconstruction equations to be used for computational reconstruction of the stress fields from the measured strains for the destructive methods. It provides information on the sectioning, material removal, strain measurement, and chemical methods of residual stress measurement. The article reviews...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...; some material property and thickness changes detectable; ray nature of probing energy allows the best 3-D reconstruction algorithms High initial cost; potential for safety hazard; object thickness limitations; insensitive to cracks. Requires trained personnel with considerable application experience...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , and Sprague J.K. , Overload Fracture of Cast Aluminum Wheel , J. Fail. Anal. Prevent. , Vol 14 ( No. 6 ), 2014 , p 702 – 706 10.1007/s11668-014-9899-y 14. King C.R. and Morgan J.F. , Synthesis of Video and 3D Laser Metrology to Reconstruct a Vehicle vs Pedestrian Collision...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... structures. This deterioration and inability to provide required services has a tremendous impact on society in terms of socioeconomic losses resulting from delays, accidents, and irregularity in supply. Within the scope of rehabilitation of civil infrastructure, it is essential to differentiate among...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in Maxillofacial Surgery , Facial Plast. Surg. , Vol 15 ( No. 1 ), 1999 , p 61 – 72 28. Tadros M. and Costantino P.D. , Advances in Cranioplasty: A Simplified Algorithm to Guide Cranial Reconstruction of Acquired Defects , Facial Plast. Surg. , Vol 24 ( No. 1 ), 2008 , p 135 – 145...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... line) in the nondimensional diagram of dendrite spacing against growth velocity. The inset is a three-dimensional reconstruction of the morphology of an individual dendrite from a series of closely spaced cross sections and shows the coarsening of side arms ( Ref 18 , 19 ). In situ characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the physical evidence. Magnitude and direction of loading, interaction with other components, damage sequencing in systems, and other valuable information may be reliant upon the investigation and reconstruction of fracture patterns. In this way, inspection and analysis of fracture surfaces may be critical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... refractory (secondary stones). Refractory stones can come from superstructure refractories as well as from glass-contact refractories. Refractory Stones Batch stones are incompletely reacted material intentionally or accidentally included in the batch. They are usually large grains or agglomerates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... predicted in 1912 ( Ref 11 ). In 1963, channeling was accidently observed through Monte Carlo simulations ( Ref 12 , 13 ), which immediately triggered intensive experimental and modeling studies ( Ref 14 , 15 ). In 1965, the systematic channeling theory was developed ( Ref 16 ). Ion channeling has...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that renders the component nonfunctional. The role of failure analysis, therefore, is to reconstruct the sequence of processes leading to failure, aiming at determining the primary cause. This effort requires knowledge of the various mechanisms by which the material responds to a loading environment similar...