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abrasive wear modes

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... rock crusher wear, electronic circuit board drill wear, grinding plate wear failure analysis, impact wear of disk cutters, and identification of abrasive wear modes in martensitic steels. abrasive wear failures abrasive wear mechanisms adhesive wear erosive-type wear wear failure analysis...
Book Chapter

By Koji Kato
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... prospects are also given. This article discusses the influence of size and number of wear particles on polishing at three abrasive wear modes. These include cutting, wedge forming, and plowing. The article concludes with information on applications and prospects of polishing wear control. abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... selection for a particular wear mode. The corrosion modes include dry sliding, tribocorrosion, erosion, erosion-corrosion, cavitation, dry erosion, erosion-oxidation, galling and fretting. microstructure abrasion adhesive wear austenitic stainless steel corrosion resistance dry sliding duplex...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article is concerned with gear tooth failures influenced by friction, lubrication, and wear, and especially those failure modes that occur in wind-turbine components. It provides a detailed discussion on wear (including adhesion, abrasion, polishing, fretting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the composition, properties and applications of bearing steels. It focuses on the typical wear modes that rolling-element bearings experience: contact fatigue wear, abrasive wear, adhesive wear, and corrosive wear. The article provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and failure. It provides a list of some common seal wear modes and failures, namely abrasion, cavitation damage, chemical attack, compression set, corrosion, damage during abrupt decompression, dieseling damage, extrusion damage, installation damage, spiral or rolling damage, and vaporization damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... applications. The article explains the effects of load, sliding velocity, and temperature on the friction coefficient. It describes three types of wear modes, namely, abrasive, adhesion, and fatigue. The article discusses the frictional behavior of polymer composites and polymer coatings. It concludes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., wear accounts for approximately 55%, while corrosion accounts for the other 15%. Thus, wear can be a serious problem in design engineering and materials selection. Moreover, of the 55% due to wear, the loss of usefulness from abrasion is 20%. Consequently, abrasive modes of wear are a significant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Fatigue Adhesive Abrasive  Without slip Fatigue Trends: Wear increases with increasing slip and presence of particles. Adhesive and abrasive wear modes can predominate but with pure rolling fatigue modes predominate. Mildest wear situation. Smooth surfaces preferred Impact  With stationary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., cutting was the predominant mode of wear. Archard's equation is commonly used to model abrasive wear ( Ref 12 ): (Eq 1) W = k L d H This formula was derived for adhesive wear, but has also proven useful in measuring abrasive wear. W is the volume of material removed, k...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... the coefficient of friction and enhance the wear resistance of friction material. A film with an optimum thickness provides a stable coefficient of friction with adequate transfer of forces across the interface. There are four basic modes of wear in a dry friction system: abrasive, adhesive, chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... push for higher fatigue limits, and thus call for improved understanding of the RCF failure modes. Fig. 2 Stress risers initiating rolling-contact fatigue failure Four distinct failure modes have been established in rolling-contact bearings ( Ref 5 ). These classifications include wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...-alloy graphitic irons (covering both gray and ductile grades) and the high-alloy white irons. High-alloy irons are used in applications with demanding requirements, such as high resistance to wear (e.g., abrasion and erosion), heat, and corrosion, or for combined properties. When compared with most...
Book Chapter

By S.C. Lim
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... (or maps) for metals based on wear behavior observed under the scanning electron microscope. They summarized the observations of in situ abrasive wear into an abrasive-wear diagram for a number of metals, showing the occurrence of several wear modes ( Ref 10 , 11 ). In the abrasive-wear diagram ( Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of wear in a dry friction system: abrasive, adhesive, chemical, and delamination. Abrasive wear is considered the most significant form of the four modes of wear. It is the initial mode of friction between the two materials, such as brake pad and disk rotor. On further sliding, adhesive wear becomes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... with uncoated casings or with coated abrasive tips. The decision to coat the hardware with an abradable or an abrasive tip depends upon the wear mechanisms observed in the hardware in the field under similar conditions or that is seen in test rigs. The damage modes may vary depending on the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... abrasive wear in handling solid materials, as occurs in the mining industry; and tribochemical wear in chemical mechanical polishing/planarization (CMP) of thin film materials, as occurs in the semiconductor manufacturing industry. It is important to note that, unlike conventional situations, CMP—a key...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... micrographs of wear mechanisms and the appearance of worn materials surfaces. (a) Surface fatigue. Fatigue striations, cracks, and wear particle formation due to cyclic contact stress of a contacting counterbody. (b) Abrasion. Scratches and material removal by indenting hard asperities of contacting bodies...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... modes, which together account for more than half the failures studied, are tooth-bending fatigue, tooth-bending impact, and abrasive tooth wear. Failure modes of gears Table 1 Failure modes of gears Failure mode Type of failure Fatigue Tooth bending, surface contact (pitting...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
..., wheel specification, wheel speed, coolant, and grinding wheel-work conformity on the slopes of the wheel-work characteristic chart. coolants grinding metal removal rate surface finish surface integrity wheel wear rate GRINDING MODES are all similar. An abrasive surface is pressed against...