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aboveground storage tanks

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Number Title Ref Aboveground storage tanks API standard 650 Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage 18 API RP651 Cathodic Protection of Aboveground Storage Tanks 19 API RP652 Lining of Aboveground Petroleum Storage Tank Bottoms 20 API RP653 Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of a Corrosion Failure of an Aboveground Storage Tank A failure of an aboveground storage tank occurred due to external corrosion of the tank floor. The liquid asphalt tank operated at elevated temperatures (approximately 177 °C, or 350 °F) and had been in service for six years. Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... estimate, because the corrosion costs of harbor and other marine structures are not included. The United States has approximately 8.5 million regulated and non-regulated aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) and underground storage tanks (USTs) for hazardous materials (HAZMAT). While these tanks represent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... coatings. Aboveground steel storage tanks are designed to last for 20 to 30 years. Well casing corrosion above depths of 60 m (200 ft) is typically due to oxygen reduction enhanced by chlorides and sulfates, while below this depth corrosion is caused by carbon-dioxide-rich formation water. Cathodic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion, atmospheric Material Carbon steel Product form Paper staples Fig. 16 The upper area of an aboveground storage tank displayed local rusting and loss of paint coating, primarily because it could not be drained. The tank was located directly under an apple tree, which contributed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... temperatures, and the impact of winter darkness. Gratings used around fuel storage tanks and the stairs to living quarters should be designed and constructed so that there are no crevices or holding areas that will retain deicing chemicals or salt-laden moist marine air ( Ref 1 ). Chemicals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Piping to the Thermal Spray Cell (Underground, Aboveground) Bulk Supply Operation and Maintenance Considerations Cylinder Storage Cylinder Transport Cylinder Operation Cylinder Leaks/Fires Regulators Flow Meters Hoses/Hose Connections Pressure-Relief Valves Vent Lines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 2001, NACE International , 2001 11. Kozewski L. , “Application of the 100 mV Polarization for Aboveground Storage Tank Bottoms,” Paper No. 01591, Corrosion 2001, NACE International , 2001 12. Fitzgerald J. and Rizk T. , “Using rhw 100 mV Criterion in Industrial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... ). In refineries, fractionation towers, separator drums, heat-exchanger shells, storage tanks, most piping, and all structures are generally fabricated from carbon steel. Carbon and low-alloy steels of carbon-molybdenum (C-Mo) or carbon-chromium-molybdenum (C-Cr-Mo) chemistry are the most widely used in plant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... solutions for final or near-final preparation of metal surfaces before plating, painting, or storage. Mixtures of 70 wt% phosphoric acid, 5 wt% ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, and 25 wt% water are used for removing grease, oil, drawing compounds, and light rust from iron and steel. This mixture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Acid pickling Molten-salt descaling Equipment Same as for alkali cleaning without current Still tanks or conveyorized spray washers of various sizes and capacities Open steel tanks with dc current source, busbars, and control equipment Appropriate corrosion-resistant tankage Low-carbon steel...