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abbreviated external standard methods

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and subsequently analyzing the uncertainty from both the calibration process and the measurement process. This article briefly summarizes the most common calibration and uncertainty analysis methods, namely external standard methods, abbreviated external standard methods, internal normalization, internal standard...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... methods of electromagnetic interference are also provided. Designations, electrical properties, and applications of elastomers are tabulated. aging dielectric properties elastomers electromagnetic shielding Ohm's law plastics testing specifications testing standards PLASTICS are the most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... (=2.718. . .) local geometric inhomogeneity force normalized sheet tension in draw- bend test; Fb is the tensile force/yield force face-centered cubic nite-difference method nite-element analysis nite-element method/model gure forming limit diagram Abbreviations and Symbols / 905 FR functional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices Material name and designation Standards Alternate names Abbreviations Medical device category Orthopaedic Cardiovascular Titanium base CP titanium (CP-Ti Grade 1, CP-Ti Grade 2, CP-Ti Grade 3, CP-Ti Grade 4 ) AMS 4921, ASTM F67, ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.9781627081849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...ASM Handbook, Volume 13C: Corrosion: Environments and Industries Copyright © 2006 ASM International ® S.D. Cramer, B.S. Covino, Jr., editors, p1101-1104 All rights reserved. DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004225 www.asminternational.org Abbreviations and Symbols a crack length; chemical activity bct...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... many different techniques and test methods that have been devised for measuring the adhesion between solids. There is little standardization in this field, although some investigators tend to favor one method over another. Most adhesion test methods are designed to assess the ability of two materials...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... wear rolling contact wear sliding wear tribosystem analysis wear mechanisms wear test methods German standard DIN 50-322 elucidates a convenient method for grouping types of wear tests. The six levels of wear testing are as follow: (1) field testing (e.g., a truck for hauling rock), (2) full...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract This article describes the characteristics and technology of power sources for major arc welding methods along with the suggested criteria for assuring that a power source selection can safely deliver the desired output and yield long service life. Power sources with single-phase AC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... techniques, and confusion can arise due to the overlapping characteristics of these designations. A few abbreviations are used more frequently than the others, and historical usage has varied, without any official standardization of terminology. The most commonly used categories of NAA are described later...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Abstract Finite element analysis is a computer-based numerical method for solving engineering problems in bodies of user-defined geometry. This article introduces the important issues of finite elements (especially accuracy and efficiency) in a nonacademic manner. It describes the Rayleigh-Ritz...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... measurement methods to introduce the advantages of using radioactive isotopes (RI) for wear or corrosion measurements in comparison to other methods. The article provides information on radiation safety regulations and approaches to minimize external radiation exposure. It describes neutron activation, thin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... To ensure the above requirements are met, the processor must develop a set of standards that control facilities and equipment operation, procedures, and training for the sequence of tasks associated with the lay-up process. Figure 1 is an abbreviated flow chart of tasks associated with the lay-up process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... coolant must be checked to ensure that it meets the specific requirements of the cooling system. ASTM, SAE, and vehicle manufacturers have developed standards and methods for this purpose ( Table 1 ). ASTM standards are designed to check the physical and chemical performance of the engine coolant...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract A unidirectional fiber composite (UDC) consists of aligned continuous fibers that are embedded in a matrix. This article describes a variety of analytical methods that are used to determine the various physical properties of the UDC. These properties include elasticity, thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.9781627081825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Tolerance Approach In the early 1970s, the U.S. Air Force initiated a number of standards and specifications that led to a new method of fatigue design-damage tolerance ( Ref 20 , 21 ). Based upon fracture mechanics techniques, the damage tolerance approach redefined the basis for analyzing fatigue...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Classification of hardness testers Method Type Indentation: standard operation Vickers Macroindentation or microindentation Rockwell Macroindentation Brinell Macroindentation Indentation: nonstandard operation Rockwell Low-load Vickers Low-load Brinell Calibrated pin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Standards , Vol 03.02 , ASTM International • “Terminology Relating to Fatigue and Fracture Testing,” E 1823, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 03.01 , ASTM International • “Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing,” E 6, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 03.01 , ASTM...