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X-ray imaging

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Metal transparency and interaction with X-rays have been recognized as obvious candidate principles from which methods for in situ monitoring of solidification processes could be developed. This article describes the use of X-ray imaging-based techniques to investigate interface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... Abstract X-ray imaging is a nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technique in which x-ray waves interact with an observed sample to generate images from which information about the examined object can be derived. This article discusses x-ray imaging systems and applications, presenting the history...
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 4 Images from the x-ray imaging system assembled at the Institut für Strahlwerkzeuge of the University of Stuttgart to detect the dynamics of pore formation due to keyhole instability. (a) Formation of a pore at 1000 frames per second (fps). (b) Movement of a pore at 5000 fps. Reprinted More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 8 X-ray imaging experimental setup of the laser powder-bed fusion process at the 32-ID beamline at Advanced Photon Source. Reprinted from Ref 62 by permission from the International Union of Crystallography under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY 4.0) license, https More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 9 X-ray imaging system at the Diamond Light Source, performed on a laser directed-energy deposition process. Adapted from Ref 24 More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 10 X-ray imaging system at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) on a laser powder-bed fusion process for Ti-6Al-4V material. Reprinted from Ref 69 with permission from Springer Nature Limited under the Creative Commons CC BY license More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 22 Synchronized x-ray imaging and ultrasonic measurements for laser spot welding. Reprinted with permission from Ref 54 . Copyright 2021, Acoustic Society of America More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 21 Synchronized infrared (IR) image and x-ray image of a laser powder-bed fusion process. Reprinted from Ref 55 with permission from Springer Nature More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 3 Schematic of a typical radioscopic system using an x-ray image intensifier More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11 Schematic of flaws and their x-ray images. Defect types that can be detected by x-ray radiography are those that change the attenuation of the transmitted x-rays. Source: Ref 11 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 26 Simulated x-ray image, computed on the basis of 126 sections (upper left image) and three sample sections of a silicon-aluminum-base composite material. White areas denote pores. More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 28 Spatial arrangement of the pores compared with the x-ray image. The plot illustrates the volume distribution of the largest pores. More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 38 Laboratory x-ray image of a six-layer copper interconnect structure in an integrated circuit. The smallest features on the chip are about 160 nm in size and are easily resolved by the system with ∼80 nm resolution. More
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Published: 15 June 2020
Fig. 2 Dynamic x-ray images of a laser powder-bed fusion process for Ti-6Al-4V, where a keyhole pore is formed upon increasing the laser power used for processing. Scale bars are 200 μm. Source: Ref 19 More
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Published: 30 November 2018
Fig. 1 Real-time x-ray images of dendrites growing in Al-20%Cu liquid taken at (a) 110, (b) 139, and (c) 360 s after the first grains appeared. Courtesy of H. Nguyen-Thi, Aix-Marseille University, France More
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 4 X-ray image showing displaced wires in an electrofusion pipe fitting connection. Courtesy of Element New Berlin More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... illustration of a typical radioscopic system using an X-ray image intensifier. It discusses the advantages and limitations of real-time radiography. Computed radiography (CR) is one of the radiography techniques that utilizes a reusable detector comprised of photostimuable luminescence (PSL) storage phosphor...
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 19 Movement of a bubble and initiated crack after solidification in a laser melting process of aluminum alloy 6061 substrate without powder. (a) Static x-ray image of substrate after solidification. (b–e) Dynamic x-ray images showing nucleation of a crack from a bubble in the melt pool More
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Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 4 (a) Friction stir weld on a high-strength low-alloy steel plate part. (b) Corresponding x-ray image showing a long wormhole defect along the advancing side of the weld. Courtesy of GE More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 4 (a) Friction stir weld on a high-strength low-alloy steel plate part. (b) Corresponding x-ray image showing a long wormhole defect along the advancing side of the weld. Courtesy of GE More