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X-ray fluorescence tomography

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Although the experiment is very simple, a coherent source is required to detect the interference. Fig. 40 Multilayer isotropic coatings (TRISO) fuel element. After Ref 61 Fig. 41 Key elements of an x-ray fluorescence tomography arrangement. I 0 monitor measures the incident-beam...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... inspection method adapted from the medical computerized axial tomography CAT scanner, provides a cross-sectional view of an inspection object. All the previous terms are used mainly in connection with inspection that involves penetrating electromagnetic radiation in the form of x-rays or gamma rays. “Neutron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... inspection method adapted from the medical computerized axial tomography CAT scanner, provides a cross-sectional view of an inspection object. All the previous terms are used mainly in connection with inspection that involves penetrating electromagnetic radiation in the form of x-rays or gamma rays. “Neutron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... noise Changes in magnetic flux from stress applied to magnetic material Online monitoring of magnetic material Not suitable for nonmagnetic material Online monitoring; can sense stress without cracking Magnetic metals, steel, nickel, iron, chrome Radiography, computed tomography, digital x-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... intensifying screens. radiography radiation dosage monitoring personnel protection X-ray tube recording media lead screens lead oxide screens fluorescent intensifying screens radiation safety image conversion scattered radiation control radiographic sensitivity RADIOGRAPHY is the process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the scanning electron microscope. X-ray spectroscopy image photography may also be used for the recording of x-ray images and maps. Fig. 30 Setup for scanning electron microscopic examination of exemplar fractured crankshaft Fig. 31 Scanning electron microscope backscatter image of exemplar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... of performance characteristics for film radiography, real-time radiography, and X-ray computed tomography is presented in a table. A functional block diagram of a typical computed tomography system is provided. The article discusses CT scanning geometry that is used to acquire the necessary transmission data...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... considerable space, it cannot detect closed cracks, and it requires a highly skilled operator and interpreter. Three components are required to produce a radiographic image: a radiation source, a part to be inspected, and a radiation detector. The most common radiation sources are x-ray tubes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Chemical analysis is carried out by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and plasma-emission spectrophotometry. Phase analysis is done by X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic methods, thermal analysis, and quantitative analysis. Techniques used for microstructural analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and information can be obtained with a backscatter electron detector and by x-ray fluorescent spectroscopy, which permits analysis of both structure and microchemistry. The scale of the SEM is particularly suitable for many ceramic parts and raw materials. The depth of focus provided by this instrument makes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... powders for AM and have been shown to have differing effects on final part porosity. Chemical composition can be evaluated with a number of standard methods, including methods with specific applications (inert gas fusion) and more generalized methods, such as x-ray fluorescence and optical emission...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... electron micrographs ( Ref 74 ). Computed tomography processes allow three-dimensional images to be constructed from a series of scanned x-ray sections and have the advantages of being quick, nondestructive, and useable in vivo ( Ref 81 ). Research into the biocompatibility of ceramics has made...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... concrete wall debris identified by x-ray diffraction Table 2 Composition of deteriorating concrete wall debris identified by x-ray diffraction Compounds Composition, wt% Sample A Sample B Sample C Sample D CaCO 3 (calcite) 44.8 3.6 72.9 … CaO (lime...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... , Chap. 6, Introduction to Imaging Techniques in the HIM , Helium Ion Microscopy , Hlawacek G. and Gölzhäuser A. , Ed., Springer International , 2016 33. Kenik E.A. , Meyer H.M. , Vane R. , and Carlino V. , Effects of Evactron Plasma Cleaning on X-Ray Detector...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005962
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... G. , Low-Temperature Solubility of Copper in Iron: Experimental Study Using Thermoelectric Power, Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Tomographic Atom Probe , Philos. Mag. , Vol 85 , 2005 , p 2197 – 2210 10.1080/14786430500079645 53. Hall E.O. , The Deformation and Ageing of Mild...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.9781627081702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2