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X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract The overall chemical composition of metals and alloys is most commonly determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES), and combustion and inert gas fusion analysis. This article provides information on the capabilities, uses, detection threshold...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... described in the section on x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy in the article “Bulk Elemental Analysis.” As in x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, the energies of these x-rays can be compared to the known characteristic energies of each element, enabling the atoms in the sample to be chemically identified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on the operating principles and applications of detectors for x-ray spectroscopy, namely energy-dispersive spectrometers, wavelength-dispersive spectrometers, and handheld x-ray fluorescence systems. The processes involved in x-ray analysis in the SEM and handheld x-ray fluorescence analysis are then covered...
Book Chapter

By S. Lampman
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article provides a detailed account of X-ray spectroscopy used for elemental identification and determination. It begins with an overview of the operating principles of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometer, as well as a comparison of the operating principles of wavelength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., such as X-ray powder diffraction, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, and atomic fluorescence spectrometry, are also discussed. atomic absorption spectroscopy atomic fluorescence spectrometry Auger electron spectroscopy bulk analysis electron...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... difference between the donor and acceptor levels. For more information, see the section “X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy” in the article “Bulk Elemental Analysis” in this Handbook. However, emission of characteristic x-rays is only one of the mechanisms by which this energy can be released. Another common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article briefly discusses popular techniques for metals characterization. It begins with a description of the most common techniques for determining chemical composition of metals, namely X-ray fluorescence, optical emission spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma optical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Information obtained/method Elemental Structural Morphological Bulk X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) Optical emission spectroscopy (OES) Combustion/inert fusion analysis (LECO) X-ray diffraction (XRD) Macrophotography (b) Micro Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Electron probe...
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
: liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry; LEISS: low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy; MFS: molecular fluorescence spectroscopy; NAA: neutron activation analysis; NMR: nuclear magnetic resonance; OM: optical metallography; RS: Raman spectroscopy; SAXS: small-angle x-ray scattering; SEM: scanning More
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
: low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy; MFS: molecular fluorescence spectroscopy; NAA: neutron activation analysis; NMR: nuclear magnetic resonance; OM: optical metallography; RS: Raman spectroscopy; SAXS: small-angle x-ray scattering; SEM: scanning electron microscopy; SIMS: secondary ion mass More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... by using x-ray fluorescent analysis or x-ray spectroscopy (XRS), coupled with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) to perform electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). However, this analysis can also be done at submicrometer levels when coupled with a transmission electron microscope (TEM) or analytical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... spectroscopy (SIMS and SNMS) ( Ref 5 , 6 ). Glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GDOES) or glow discharge mass spectroscopy (GDMS), ion scattering spectroscopy (ISS), and Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) are becoming of increasing importance, as is total reflection x-ray fluorescence...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... electron microscopy CBED convergent-beam electron diffraction DRS diffuse reflectance spectroscopy EDS energy-dispersive spectroscopy EELS electron energy loss spectroscopy ENAA epithermal neutron activation analysis EPMA electron probe x-ray microanalysis...
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Published: 15 December 2019
absorption spectroscopy; XRS: x-ray spectrometry. (a) Limited number of elements or groups. (b) Volatile liquids, solids, or components More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0006515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... tetraglycidyl methylenedianiline XPS x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy SAE Society of Automotive Engineers TIR total indicator reading; total indicator SAM scanning Auger microscopy XRD x-ray diffraction SAN styrene-acrylonitrile runout XRFS x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy SANS small-angle neutron scattering TLC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... spectrometry; LEISS: low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy; MFS: molecular fluorescence spectroscopy; NAA: neutron activation analysis; NMR: nuclear magnetic resonance; OM: optical metallography; RS: Raman spectroscopy; SAXS: small-angle x-ray scattering; SEM: scanning electron microscopy; SIMS: secondary ion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... the applications of PIXE in three areas, namely, atmospheric physics and chemistry, external proton milliprobes and historical analysis, and PIXE microprobes. calibration data reduction particle-induced X-ray emission spectroscopy quality assurance X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy Overview...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... spectroscopy MFS Molecular fluorescence spectroscopy NAA Neutron activation analysis NMR Nuclear magnetic resonance OES Optical emission spectroscopy OM Optical metallography RBS Rutherford backscattering spectrometry RS Raman spectroscopy SAXS Small-angle x-ray scattering...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... with the atoms that make up the sample. A small fraction of these electrons are excited to higher energy states, as described in the section “X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy” in the article “Bulk Elemental Analysis.” Most electrons remain unexcited but are set into oscillatory motion around their centers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of materials used for thermal spray coatings; rather, atomic emission and absorption and x-ray fluorescence and diffraction techniques are favored. Spectographic Analysis The balance of this section draws heavily upon a standard reference for atomic absorption, atomic emission, and x-ray fluorescence...