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Weldments

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... in a weldment. It reviews the heat-affected and fusion zones of single-pass and multi-pass weldments. The article also includes a discussion on the welds in alloy systems, such as stainless steels and aluminum-base, nickel-base, and titanium-base alloys. aluminum-base alloys casting fusion zone heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Corrosion of carbon steel weldments can be due to metallurgical effects, such as preferential corrosion of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) or weld metal, or it can be associated with geometrical aspects, such as stress concentration at the weld toe, or creation of crevices due to joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... The effects of gas-tungsten arc weld shielding gas composition and heat-tint oxides on corrosion resistance are also discussed. The article explains microbiological corrosion of butt welds in water tanks with the examples. In addition, it provides information on corrosion of ferritic stainless steel weldments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003623
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Corrosion resistance can usually be maintained in the welded condition by balancing alloy compositions, shielding molten and hot metal surfaces, and choosing the proper welding parameters. This article describes some of the metallurgical factors that affect corrosion of weldments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... Codes are presented for fitness-for-service and standards for fatigue and fracture control. fatigue fatigue control fracture control welded steel weldments FAILURES in engineering structures are still common today, despite the fact that modern tools for designing structures are very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... arc welding fusion welding longitudinal section metallography microstructure solid-state transformation structures transverse section solidification structures weld bead morphology welding defects welded joints weldments FUSION WELDING is the joining of two or more pieces of material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Weldments exhibit special microstructural features that need to be recognized and understood in order to predict acceptable corrosion service life of welded structures. This article describes some of the general characteristics associated with the corrosion of weldments. It emphasizes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... the fundamental principles that form the basis of many of the developments in steels and consumables for welding. Examples in the article are largely drawn from the well-known and relatively well-studied case of ferritic steel weldments to illustrate the special physical metallurgical considerations brought about...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 3 Caustic soda service chart for carbon steel, weldments, and nickel alloys. Source: Ref 88 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12 MIC of stainless steel weldments. (a) MIC showing a surface view of interdendritic attack at the fusion line of a stainless steel weldment. “A,” nondentritite; “D,” dendrite. (b) Cross section of MIC at a stainless steel weldment showing extensive corrosion of weld metal and fusion More
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Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 6 Dimensional changes occurring in weldments. (a) Transverse shrinkage in a groove weld. (b) Longitudinal shrinkage in a groove weld. Distribution of longitudinal residual stress, σ x , is also shown. (c) Angular change in a groove weld. (d) Angular change in a fillet weld. Source More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 29 Factors influencing porosity in weldments More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 32 Causes and remedies of slag inclusions in weldments More
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Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 4 Two examples of T-joint weldments for fillet weld qualification. (a) Fillet weld on one side of T-joint. (b) Fillet weld on both sides of T-joint More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 3 Two radically dissimilar patterns of Stage II crack growth in weldments. The crack geometry and load path in the groove welded butt joint (top left) is similar to the center cracked panel for which the stress intensity factor increases with crack growth; whereas, the crack geometry More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 10 Failure locations in weldments: ripple, toe, root, or weld termination. The distinction between a wraparound (continuous) termination and a simple termination (stop or start) is not made in this drawing. The termination and ripple are sites of fatigue crack initiation only when More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 4 Comparison of base metal and weldments of 5083-H113 and 5086-H32 under axial fatigue ( R = 0). Source: Ref 15 More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 51 Fatigue crack growth in laser beam weldments of Ti-6Al-4V both without and with a postweld stress relief treatment of 4.5 h at 625 °C (1160 °F). (a) Fatigue crack growth parallel to weld. (b) Fatigue crack growth perpendicular to weld. These data suggest that residual stresses More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 4 Corrosion of three aluminum weldments in HNO 3 service. (a) and (b) Gas tungsten arc (GTA) and oxyacetylene welds, respectively, showing crevice corrosion on the inside surface. (c) Standard GTA weld with full penetration is resistant to crevice corrosion. More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 5 Intergranular corrosion (weld decay) of stainless steel weldments. FZ, fusion zone More