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Wastewater vaporizers

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article provides information on the municipal wastewater system components such as piping, pump stations, headworks, clarifiers, aeration structures, digesters, biosolids dewatering equipment, and sludge stabilization. It explains the major corrosion damage mechanisms to which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article provides information on predesign surveys and the various testing procedures associated with wastewater treatment plants. These include soil testing, atmospheric testing, and hydrogen sulfide testing. The primary parameters that influence the production of sulfides within...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... examines the corrosion problems in high-yield mechanical pulping, sulfite process, neutral sulfite semichemical pulping, chemical recovery, tall oil plants, wastewater treatment, and recovery boilers. It explains the stages of chlorine-based and nonchlorine bleaching, process water reuse for elemental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (CTGs) of the EPA. New or modified sources must meet the lowest achievable emission rates (LAERs), typically identified as best available control technology (BACT). For example, control requirements include: Limiting the VOC solvent content of paint Limiting the vapor pressure of solvents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of combustion) plus the condensing water vapor. Again, carbon and stainless steels are affected. Temperature The problems caused by temperature excursions lessen the corrosion-resistant properties of synthetic coatings, fiberglass-reinforced plastics (FRPs), and thermoplastics, possibly to the point...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... variations, and temperature variations. Wastewater can contain substantial levels of dissolved solids (including chlorides and sulfates), suspended solids, and biomaterials. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), pH, Langelier index (related to scale formation and corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to ensure proper installation of a dual-lining system. The industrial applications that illustrate the corrosion resistance and some uses of monolithic linings, as well as other applications in wastewater treatment systems and the chemical industry, are discussed. chemical-setting ceramic lining...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to reinforced concrete structures in wastewater treatment plants. Figure 5 provides views of severe corrosion of a wastewater tunnel structure. Note the failed lining repairs. Structures of concern are sludge storage tanks, chambers, and head works structures. Typically, up to 15 cm (6 in.) of concrete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ), as well as in other review books and articles ( Ref 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ). The behavior of nitride hard coatings deposited by physical vapor deposition or chemical vapor deposition is summarized in Ref 6 . Fundamentals of Corrosion of Coating-Substrate Systems Corrosion Processes Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) is an effective process for the destruction of military and industrial wastes including wastewater sludge. This article discusses the unique properties of supercritical water and lists the main technological advantages of SCWO. For many waste...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... vapor-deposition techniques. This article describes inorganic coating methods commonly applied to cast irons that include plating, hot dip coating, conversion coating, diffusion coating, cladding, porcelain enameling, and thermal spray. Many of these methods require dedicated facilities for the coating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... in the articles “Environmental Regulation of Surface Engineering,” “Vapor Degreasing Alternatives,” and “Compliant Wipe Solvent Cleaners” in the same volume of ASM Handbook . Surface Contaminants on Heat Treated Parts Before heat treating, the workpieces are treated in various ways: machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... should be avoided. Hydrogen can also be created from water, water vapor, or oils, and these should be rigorously excluded from the weld region. The presence of hydrogen in the weld can lead to cracking of the weld bead shortly after welding. It can also reduce ductility in uncracked welds. Hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... to determine a suitable cooling rate and the appropriate quenching process to develop a suitable cooling rate. It discusses the three distinct stages of quenching: vapor stage, boiling stage, and convection stage. The article reviews the factors that affect the rate of cooling in production operations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... wastewater treatment COPPER PLATING DEPOSITS are used for both functional and decorative applications. They are used widely as underplates in multiplate systems, as barrier coatings, as stopoffs in heat treatment, and for heat transfer (e.g., as heat sinks). They also find use in electroforming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... as high as 160 °C (320 °F) are encountered in chemical digestion of wood. Most other water-based processes are carried out between 40 and 85 °C (105 and 185 °F). Auxiliary chemical processes for chemical preparation, power and steam generation, caustic chemical recovery, and by-product and wastewater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in bright dip baths. Phosphoric acid is also used as a nutrient for biological processes in secondary wastewater treatment plants. Its major use is in the agriculture industry, where it is used to produce fertilizer solutions and as a mineral supplement in cattle feed. Other uses are the production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... The noncyanide baths have the benefit of reduced restrictions for wastewater treatment as well as air scrubbing. These baths can experience the downside risk of reduced throwing power when attempting to attain uniform coverage down a blind hole. Regardless of the bath type, there is an inherent risk that must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... in a liquid quenchant ( Fig. 9 , Ref 13 ): Vapor stage: Stage A or vapor blanket stage Boiling stage: Stage B or nucleate boiling stage Convection stage: Stage C These three general standard stages of quench mechanisms have very distinct effects on cooling rates ( Fig. 9 ), although...