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Vickers hardness test

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...). Conversely, identical indentation diameters for both types of ball will correspond to different Vickers and Rockwell values. Thus, if indentation in two different specimens both are 2.75 mm diameter (495 HB), the specimen tested with a standard ball has a Vickers hardness of 539, whereas the specimen tested...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., E, and H scales. For hardness testing of thin gages of aluminum, the 15T and 30T scales of the Rockwell superficial tester are recommended. Source: ASTM E 140 Table 2 Approximate equivalent hardness numbers for wrought coppers (>99% Cu, alloys C10200 through C14200) Vickers hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... machine and be balanced on the pedestal Vickers hardness Hardness Test is slow Careful surface preparation of the specimen is necessary Measurement of indentation is operator dependent and results in variation Microindentation hardness testing Vickers hardness Hardness Result does not...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... pyramid ( Fig. 8 ) geometry that would produce hardness numbers nearly identical to Brinell numbers within the range of both. This decision was very wise, as it made the Vickers test very easy to adopt. Fig. 8 Schematic representation of the square-base pyramidal diamond indenter used in a Vickers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... distorts the base metal and is influenced by it, which usually results in low hardness readings. The most reliable and most widely accepted hardness values are those obtained with the Vickers 136 diamond pyramid indenter or the Knoop indenter. With these, the hardness test must be made on a carefully...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The article describes testing methods such as room and high-temperature strength test methods, proof testing, fracture toughness measurement, and hardness and wear testing. It also explains methods for determining thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, and emissivity of ceramics and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... many aspects the well-known hardness measuring techniques, such as the Vickers and Brinell hardness tests. However, in the “nanoindentation” technique, the indentations extend only to extremely shallow depths, often as low as nanometers. A hard indenter, usually an accurately ground diamond, is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract A cylindrical specimen compressed with friction at the die surfaces does not remain cylindrical in shape but becomes bulged or barreled. Tensile stresses associated with the bulging surface make the upset test a candidate for workability testing. This article discusses test-specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., alloy development, and inclusion assessment; and process considerations, such as process stages, tool design, and secondary operations; of ferrous alloy powder forging. The mechanical properties of powder forged materials are also reviewed. The article discusses the quality assurance tests for powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract The characterization, testing, and nondestructive evaluation of ceramics and glasses are vital to manufacturing control, property improvement, failure prevention, and quality assurance. This article provides a broad overview of characterization methods and their relationship to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... loading modes, cracking mode superposition, and surface area effects. The article describes the fundamentals of CF and SCC, testing methodology, and test findings from laboratory, in vivo, and retrieval studies. cardiovascular surgery corrosion fatigue corrosion fatigue testing dentistry...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... J431 ( Ref 3 ) classifies sand-molded gray cast irons used by the automotive and allied industries. It defines iron grades by a test bar tensile strength/Brinell hardness ratio, hardness grades by hardness alone, and casting grades by a combination of the iron grade, hardness grade, and special...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... results in terms of volume loss, normalized to 55 Durometer hardness of the rubber wheel. Note the logarithmic scale for wear loss. In some applications, data from one type of abrasion test can be used to predict relative wear rates under quite different conditions. For instance, several steels...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... localized heat treatments, such as carburizing or induction hardening, have been ted on the failed casting. Knoop or Vickers microhardness tests can be conducted, but the choice of which test method to use is dictated by the hardness conversion tables available for evaluation of the test results. The ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... dynamic response of equipment. The article reviews the determination of friction coefficient using laboratory monitoring methods, indirect measurements, and the inverse method. It considers the determination of the interface heat-transfer coefficient by using the ring test and computer simulations. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... provides information on physics and testing of rolling-contact fatigue. Processes commonly used to produce bearings for demanding applications are also covered. coatings Hertzian contact theory rolling-contact fatigue rolling-element bearings surface-initiated fatigue wear ROLLING-CONTACT...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs) are being developed for a number of high-temperature and high-performance applications in industrial, aerospace, and energy conservation sectors. This article focuses on processing, fabrication, testing, and characterization methods of CMCs, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... (1340 °F) 6.99×10 5  At 2000 K (3140 °F) 6.96×10 5 Hardness  Brinell, MN/m 2 1700  Mohs 5.5  Vickers, MN/m 2 1760 Source: Ref 6 Table 2 Typical mechanical properties for fully annealed products Temperature Test direction Ultimate tensile strength Yield...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... with values ranging from 83.0 HRA for high-cobalt coarse-grain grades to 93.0 HRA for low-cobalt fine-grain grades. Vickers diamond pyramid hardness (HV) is widely used in Europe; values range from 800 to 2000 kg/mm 2 using a 30 kg load. The precision and accuracy of hardness testing is influenced...