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Vibratory stresses

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and scale, and modify the surface stress. The basic mass finishing processes include: Barrel finishing Vibratory finishing Centrifugal disc finishing Centrifugal barrel finishing Spindle finishing Drag finishing Mass finishing is a simple and low-cost means of deburring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... It discusses the changes in powder particle morphology that occur during milling of metal powders produced by various processes such as microforging, fracturing, agglomeration, and deagglomeration. The article also provides useful information on milling equipment such as tumbler ball mills, vibratory ball...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... tubes and in steam pipes. It is estimated that inadequate mechanical design (use of high-strength materials susceptible to environmental cracking, high steady and vibratory stresses, stress concentration, and vibration) is responsible for approximately 50% of the problems, inadequate steam...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the correlation with cavitation-erosion rates in vibratory tests performed in conformance with ASTM G 32 ( Ref 11 ). It will be appreciated that erosion behavior is not simply related to any monotonic property such as true fracture stress or ultimate tensile stress, because the monotonic stress-strain curve does...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04F.a0007015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
... Abstract This article examines residual stresses in quenched and surface-hardened steels by focusing on its theoretical background, formation mechanisms of residual stress, effects of tempering and cryogenic cooling on residual stress, effects of residual stress on the service performance...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be considered as solid-solid contact with or without friction. If stresses in the material resulting from the hydrostatic pressure at the solid surface are over the material elastic limit, it will lead to plastic deformation at or near the surface. It is similar to a material removal mechanism by abrasion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the surface stress. The basic mass finishing processes include: Barrel finishing Vibratory finishing Centrifugal disk finishing Centrifugal barrel finishing Spindle finishing Barrel Finishing The rotary barrel, or tumbling barrel, utilizes the sliding movement of an upper layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... time, resources, and the end product or purpose of the investigation. For example, a research lab may benefit from the more time-consuming method of vibratory polishing, while a production quality-control lab may not require specimen preparation with a vibratory polisher. A lab for teaching also may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... be classified into three broad categories: thermal, chemical, and mechanical ( Ref 9 )—including the more recent mechanical method of vibratory stress relief (especially in the subresonant region). Chemical and mechanical methods are not discussed here. Thermal stress-relief methods include, among others...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... include rotating disks, vibratory devices, cavitating liquid jets, and high-speed cavitation tunnels. The article discusses materials selection and surface protection to prevent cavitation erosion. It reviews the fluid-structure interaction that plays a role in cavitation erosion particularly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... vibratory tests using either magnetostriction devices or piezoelectric devices Impinging jet tests using either stationary or rotating specimens exposed to high-speed jet or droplet impact These tests are generally designed to provide high-erosion intensities on small specimens in relatively short...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Abstract This article introduces the fundamental sources of residual stresses common to most manufacturing processes. It explains the effect of material removal on residual stresses and distortions in a part. The article assists the reader in making a choice between trial-and-error and computer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... heat treated, except for stress relief and to continue austenite transformation. White Iron White iron is essentially free of graphite, and most of the carbon content is present as separate grains of hard Fe 3 C. White iron exhibits a white, crystalline fracture surface because fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... surface hardness : Close to the surface, a microhardness value of approximately HV 1200 is obtained, which corresponds to greater than 70 HRC. Residual compressive stress : At the surface, values in excess of 2 GPa (300 ksi) have been measured by X-ray diffraction. Retained ductility : Scanning...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... A converter to change the electrical energy into mechanical vibrations. Two types of converters are available for USM systems. One type uses a magnetostrictive device, and the other a quartz or a lead zirconate titanate piezoelectric transducer A horn to focus the vibratory energy on the tool. Horns...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... degree of smoothness or roughness and requirement for color and gloss can be filled by organic coatings. The article describes abrasive blast cleaning, abrasive waterjet cleaning and finishing, vibratory finishing, barrel finishing, and shot peening for processing iron castings. abrasive blast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... that converts line power to the high frequency and high voltage needed by the transducer. The transducer transforms high-frequency electrical energy to vibratory energy and is incorporated into the welding head, which also provides the means (that is, either pneumatic, hydraulic, or mechanical) to clamp...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... A vibratory polisher can also be used for the final polish. Silk or synthetic silk cloth is recommended, with a diluted premixed 0.05 or 0.06 μm colloidal Al 2 O 3 suspension and low applied pressure. There are prestretched synthetic cloths on metallic plates that work very well and are tough. Silk can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003747
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... The article explains the final-polishing processes such as skid polishing, vibratory polishing methods, etch-attack and electromechanical polishing, and polishing with special abrasives. An overview of special polishing techniques for unusual materials such as very hard and very soft materials is provided...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... manufacturing methods Table 1 Types of burrs formed during different manufacturing methods Type of burr Schematic Remarks Compressive burr The burr produced in blanking and piercing operations in which slug separates from the parent material under compressive stress Cutting-off burr...