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Upset forging

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the operation of upset forging machines and selection of the machine size. It describes several types of upsetter heading tools and their materials. The article reviews the cold shearing and hot shearing methods for preparing blanks for hot upset forging...
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 33 Machining stock allowances for hot upset forgings. (a) Hot upset forging terminology and standards. (b) Probable shape of shear-cut ends. (c) Variation of corner radius with thickness of upset. These parts are the simplest forms of upset forgings. Dimensions given in inches More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 40 Ti-5Al-6Sn-2Zr-1Mo-2.5Si forging. (a) Reduced 75% by upset forging starting at 980 °C (1800 °F), annealed 1 h at 980 °C (1800 °F), air cooled, and stabilized 2 h at 595 °C (1100 °F). Fine alpha grains (light); intergranular beta. (b) Same as (a), except upset forged starting at 1150 °C More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 11 Upset forging, showing (a) two alternatives for flash on finished forgings and (b) method of flash removal More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 1 Upset forging process using split dies. 1, stationary die; 2, moving die; 3, upsetting punch. (a) Inserting bar in open dies. (b) Closed dies gripping bar. (c) Upset forging. (d) Upsetting punch withdrawn. (e) Ejection of the forging More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 2 Principal components of a typical machine for hot upset forging with a vertical four-station die More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 24 Tool set arrangement for upset forging with very high forces. 1, pressure plate; 2, upsetting die; 3, shrink rings for die support; 4, counter punch; 5, ejector More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 17 Finite element analysis of double-cone upset forging showing deformed mesh and tracking points 1 to 4 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 18 Cavity formation (shown by arrows) during upset forging of Ti-6Al-4V in condition A at (a) 900 °C (1650 °F) and tracking point 2, and at (b) 955 °C (1750 °F) and location point 1. Compression axis lies in the vertical direction. More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 19 Cavity formation, indicated by arrow, during upset forging of Ti-6Al-4V in condition A at 900 °C (1650 °F) and tracking point location 4. Compression axis lies in the vertical direction. More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 6 Hollow cylindrical forging produced in an upsetting forging machine, illustrating that draft angles are measured both from the direction of closure of gripper dies and from the direction of ram of the forging plug More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Abstract Abstract Forgings are classified in various ways, beginning with the general classifications open die and closed die. They are also classified according to how they are made; such as hammer upset forgings, ring-rolled forgings, and multiple-ram press forgings; and in terms of the close...
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 34 Design practice for upset forgings with specifications determined by raw material stock diameter. Tolerances (shown with + or − sign), allowances, and design rules for upset forgings of various typical or common shapes. Dimensions given in inches More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 35 Design practice for upset forgings in which specifications depend on position of flash in workpiece. Tolerances (shown with + or − sign), allowances, and design rules for upset forgings. See text for discussion. Dimensions given in inches More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...Abstract Abstract Flash welding, also called flash butt welding, is a resistance welding process in which a butt joint weld is produced by a flashing action and by the application of pressure. The flash welding process consists of preweld preparation, flashing, upsetting (forging), and postweld...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on computer-aided design in the forging industry. Additionally, the article reviews specific characteristics, process limitations, advantages, and disadvantages of the most common forging processes, namely hot upset forging, roll forging, radial forging, rotary forging, isothermal and hot-die forging...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steel forgings. It provides an overview of the mechanical properties of wrought materials. The article also includes information on the fundamentals of hammer and press forgings and the design of hot upset forgings. closed-die steel forgings hot metal hot upset forgings material selection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., and machining. The article discusses the effect of forging on final component properties and presents special considerations for the design of hot upset forgings. alloy steel carbon steel forgeability forging forging die design heat treatment hot upset forgings machining  mechanical properties...
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 15 Typical arrangement of sliding dies used for forging an upset at some point along the length of a bar More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 9 Forging pressure for low-carbon steel upset at various temperatures and two strain rates. Source: Ref 30 More