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Titanium cladding

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Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 14 Titanium clad autoclave for nickel laterite leaching. Approximately 5 m diameter × 33 m long ×(120 mm steel + 8 mm titanium) More
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Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 15 Shell and tube heat exchanger with titanium/steel clad tubesheets and covers More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 2 Titanium/steel explosion-bonded clad plate More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... clad plates of almost any metal combination can be manufactured economically. Applications of EXW are diverse and include the production of sandwiched metal for coinage ( Ref 4 ), the production of titanium-to-stainless steel transition joints in the Apollo spacecraft ( Ref 5 ), and production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-corrosion resistance and low contact resistance. The copper layer on the inside provides the electrode contact surface as well as compatible cell chemistry. The stainless steel layer provides strength and resistance to perforation corrosion. Other examples include the titanium-clad, copper-clad nickel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... important for reactive alloys such as those of titanium, zirconium, niobium, and tantalum; and (2) permitting welding of complex assemblies involving several layers of parts. A significant limitation of the process is that packs become difficult to process when their length exceeds several feet. Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-clad titanium strips have been used to fabricate titanium heat exchangers for electronics applications. In addition, silver brazing alloy (BAg3) that is clad on copper is often used in the brazing of carbide tools ( Ref 3 ). The copper core remains in the joint area and acts as a ductile member...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of EXW are made available to a broader industrial base through the concept of welding transition joints ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 2 Titanium/steel explosion-bonded clad plate Fig. 3 Aluminum-to-stainless weld accomplished with an explosion-bonded tubular transition joint. Aluminum and stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005620
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... steel and aluminum sheet also finds applications in liquefied natural gas storage tanks and steel supporting structure. Besides joining steel to aluminum to obtain higher strength than that of the base metals, other combinations of interest include: Steel to copper Steel to titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... materials will be fused together, alloy combinations that will result in the formation of undesirable intermetallic phases cannot be clad. For example, the deposition of cobalt-base alloys on titanium substrates is not recommended, because of the formation of these undesired intermetallic phases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Like zirconium, tantalum is also readily welded by the processes and procedures used for titanium. The joining of tantalum-clad plate requires special procedures and precautions and is beyond the scope of this article. References References 1. Uhlig H.H. and Asphahani A.I...
Image
Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 10 Hierarchical structure levels at the interface region of a titanium/steel clad. Source: Ref 43 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... the embrittlement phenomenon that also can result from improper cooling down from the brazing temperature. Typically, low levels of titanium, niobium, or a combination of the two, provide sufficient protection against embrittlement by minimizing the migration of carbon and any dissolved gases, without seriously...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Nonferrous metals and alloys are widely used to resist corrosion. This article describes the corrosion behavior of the most widely used nonferrous metals, such as aluminum, copper, nickel, and titanium. It also provides information on several specialty nonferrous products that cannot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... cladding technology in this area is due to the small heat zone, rapid solidification, increased cleanliness, lower dilution, and increased controllability over the depth of the HAZ ( Ref 18 ). Titanium-base alloys, nickel-base superalloys, and cobalt-base alloys are some of the important alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... A critical application is in the main condensers of nuclear power plants, which must remain leak-free ( Ref 10 ). Titanium-clad steel produced by roll cladding also is used for condenser and heat-exchanger tubesheets ( Ref 10 ). Two relatively new uses for titanium alloys are in flue gas desulfurization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of the additions of gas-absorbing elements such as titanium and aluminum, proper precautions are still necessary. Porosity control is much easier in the nickel-chromium and nickel-chromium-iron alloys because of their high chromium levels. This is not meant to imply that gas coverage is not important when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... ) as being the first application of HIP PM techniques to make shaped PM components, and observed that early HIP PM titanium investigations in which forging level properties were attained ( Ref 14 ) were key in initiating government and industry projects examining the HIP PM approach as a method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... form a second phase, γ′, as a result of controlled heat treatment. The development and dispersion of this second phase are made possible by additions of aluminum, titanium, and niobium. The γ′ phase imparts great stiffness to these materials at room temperature and up to the upper limit of their aging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... alloys and other metal parts (such as stainless steel, nickel, and titanium), and aluminum alloys and nonmetals (such as ceramics and carbon composites). These are addressed briefly later. Base Metals Metal mating parts of an assembly to be brazed are termed base metal or substrates. Aluminum...