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Tensile load

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... cross slip around the dispersoids, and climb. In addition, dynamic recrystallization and recovery may reduce the work-hardening effects at elevated temperatures. Consider a polycrystalline material subjected to a tensile load. As the applied stress is increased, slip is assumed to initiate in those...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... information on the cantilever beam test, wedge-opening load test, contoured double-cantilever beam test, three-point and four-point bend tests, rising step-load test, disk-pressure test, slow strain-rate tensile test, and potentiostatic slow strain-rate tensile test for hydrogen embrittlement. constant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... loading (axial, bending, torsion, and shear). The lines are determined by the ultimate tensile strength, S u , and the alternating fatigue strength amplitude, S alt ( R = −1). The connection of S u and S alt with a straight line is known as a Goodman line ( Ref 3 ): (Eq 11) S a = S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...% Mo). Sample polished, etched in 2% nital, and then plastically deformed by amount indicated. Tensile load applied horizontally. Fig. 76 and 77 : After 610 and 670 strain units, respectively. SEM, both at 1200×. Fig. 78 and 79 : After 700 and 760 strain units, respectively. SEM, both at 600...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... stage I and stage II. Stage I propagation occurs on specific crystallographic planes with greatest resolved fluctuating shear stress. Stage II propagation occurs on planes normal to the fluctuating tensile stress. Certain metals (such as aluminum alloys) and loading conditions considered by early...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... tensile and compressive stresses. Crack propagation tests use a fracture mechanics approach in which the growth of preexisting cracks due to cyclic loading is monitored. A fundamental parameter used to describe a fatigue process in smooth specimens is the stress ratio R , defined as: (Eq 15) R...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... This article was excerpted and/or updated from the following articles in Mechanical Testing and Evaluation , Volume 8, ASM Handbook , ASM International, 2000: George E. Dieter, “ Mechanical Behavior Under Tensile and Compressive Loads ” John M. (Tim) Holt, “ Uniaxial Tension Testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... When edge- or center-notched plate specimens are fractured in tensile loading, a portion or all of the fracture surface behind the notch can be normal (perpendicular) to the applied load, and there may be little macroscale indication of transverse contraction to indicate plastic flow prior to fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... nozzles, and tension, flexural, compressive, and shear loadings. carbon-epoxy composites composite prepreg fractograph resin-matrix composites Fig. 1294 Fracture surface of a Fiberite 934 epoxy resin specimen that failed in tension. The specimen was tested at 25 °C (77 °F) in the dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ppm may cause severe losses in tensile ductility and notched tensile strength in titanium alloys and may cause brittle delayed failure under sustained loading conditions. The sensitivity to hydrogen embrittlement from formation of hydrides varies with alloy composition and is reduced substantially by...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... designed to be used in structural applications where very high loads are applied and often where high strength-to-weight ratios are required. In addition, they must also possess good ductility and toughness. The latter properties have been historically measured by tensile ductility, namely, percent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... loading. Mode I is plane-strain fracture, where void growth and fibrous tearing occur along a crack plane that is essentially normal to the axis of the tensile load. The fracture appearance typically has a dull and fibrous appearance, as in the classic cup-and-cone feature of ductile fracture, along with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... examines how quench-induced residual stresses in heat treatable aluminum alloys are reduced when sufficient load is applied to cause plastic deformation. The article also shows how plastic deformation reduces residual stress. aluminum alloys heat treatment plastic deformation quenching residual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... will be parallel to the principal direction of service loading. The article reviews the mutual dependence of parting line and forging process. It provides a checklist for the forging designer that suggests a systematic approach for establishing parting line location. Finally, the article contains...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... components subjected to tensile loading, the design methodology had to be reevaluated. Weibull developed a probabilistic system of design based only on the tensile stresses in the component ( Ref 4 ). Compressive failure is not considered in this technique, because components made from brittle materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... along the slip planes in the contact region. As a result of the slips, flakelike shear tongues are formed, as shown in Fig. 4(a) , followed by crack initiation and propagation in the combined fracture mode of the tensile load and shear in the leading region of the contact. The large plastic deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... member to the maximum allowable load) is generally higher when calculated by limit analysis. For example, classical design limits the capacity of a rectangular beam to the bending moment that will produce tensile yielding in the regions farthest from the neutral axis; limit analysis predicts that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... compressive loading. In sheet forming, on the other hand, a piece of sheet metal is plastically deformed by tensile loads into a three-dimensional shape, often without significant changes in sheet thickness or surface characteristic. Processes that fall under the category of bulk forming have the following...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... measured by indentation hardness testing Strength: the ability to resist elastic and plastic deformation under load, conventionally measured by compression, shear, and tensile testing Table 1 lists some of the more important relationships between bearing material properties and wear damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys have been used extensively in a wide variety of implant applications, such as artificial heart pumps, pacemaker cases, heart valve parts, and load-bearing bone or hip joint replacements or bone splints. This article discusses the properties of titanium and its...