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Surgical implants

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... presents the factors related to the use of surgical implants and their deterioration in the body environment, including biomedical aspects, chemical environment, and electrochemical fundamentals needed for characterizing CF and SCC. It provides a discussion on the use of metallic biomaterials in surgical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture, microcrack, and stair-step fracture surface of these alloys. cobalt alloys fatigue fracture fractograph surgical implants Fig. 881, 882 Fatigue fracture of a cast Vitallium (Co-30Cr-7Mo) surgical implant (side plate of Jewett nail) due to improper insertion. A tool used...
Image
Published: 01 January 1987
. Additional information on cobalt-base alloys used for surgical implants and their corresponding fracture morphologies can be found in the article “Failure Analysis of Metallic Orthopedic Implants” in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11 of ASM Handbook . SEM, 532× (R. Abrams, Howmedica, Division More
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 18 Titanium surgical knee and hip implant prostheses manufactured by the investment casting process More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Background This section considers necessary background information pertinent to understanding factors related to the use of surgical implants and their deterioration in the body environment. These include both biomedical aspects such as active biological responses and the chemical environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... corrosion of surgical implant materials. Two methods for localized corrosion properties include: ASTM F 746 ( Ref 67 ), “Test Method for Pitting or Crevice Corrosion of Metallic Surgical Implant Materials” ASTM F 2129 ( Ref 68 ), “Test Method for Conducting Cyclic Potentiodynamic Polarization...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and intergranular corrosion. None of these forms, with the exception of general corrosion, can be tolerated in surgical implant materials. For a material to be considered resistant to corrosion in the body, its general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... preoperative metal sensitivity to at least one component of a commonly used cobalt-chromium alloy (UNS R30075, Ref 19 ) in 26% of 92 patients before surgery to implant a total knee replacement. Five of the patients developed eczema at the surgical site or extending over the whole body. Two of those patients...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... from which surgical implants will be produced ( Ref 2 ). This is an electrochemical potentiostatic screening test that is used to rank surgical implant alloys in order of their resistance to localized corrosion in a 0.9% NaCl solution at 37 ± 1 °C (98.6 ± 1.8 °F) (average human body temperature). Using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of cobalt, nickel, and iron have been used. More recently, the use of titanium has increased dramatically in dental applications such as dental implants. Metal alloys have been used in orthopedic applications in greatest amounts related to fracture fixation devices and total joint arthroplasties. Alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... fields. Much early work in metallic biomaterials was performed in the dental community where gold alloys, dental amalgams, and base metal alloys of cobalt, nickel, and iron have been used. More recently, the use of titanium has increased dramatically in dental applications such as dental implants. Metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... materials of construction and produced many of their own designs for solving clinical problems. In some cases, a great deal of corrosion occurred after implantation ( Ref 15 , Ref 16 , Ref 17 ) and, in some cases, necessitated device removal and debridement (surgical removal) of surrounding tissues...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of the population has, in turn, led to a rapidly increasing number of surgical procedures involving prosthesis implantation, because as the human body ages, the load-bearing joints become more prone to ailments. This has resulted in an urgent need for improved biomaterials and processing technologies for implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... on the device "failures" that include fracture, wear, and corrosion. The article first discusses failure modes of long-term orthopedic and cardiovascular implants. The article then focuses on short-term implants, typically bone screws and plates. Lastly, failure modes of surgical tools are discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Stainless steels are used for medical implants and surgical tools due to the excellent combination of properties, such as cost, strength, corrosion resistance, and ease of cleaning. This article describes the classifications of stainless steels, such as austenitic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... to surgical implants and prosthetic devices. The corrosion behavior of titanium is discussed in detail in the article “Corrosion of Titanium and Titanium Alloys” in Corrosion, Volume 13 of ASM Handbook, formerly 9th Edition Metals Handbook. Current Titanium Technology Current titanium technology...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-strengthened and aged Special-Purpose Alloys Orthopedic Implants Cobalt-base alloys are widely used for the fabrication of various devices that are surgically implanted in the body. Applications include hip replacements, knee replacements, and implants that fix bone fractures (bone screws, staples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006859
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... , 5 ). There are a wide range of factors that influence the biological reaction at the interface of the implant and host tissue, including surface characteristics, anatomical location, and surgical procedures. Understanding the biological reactions is essential to creating functional bioactive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.9781627083928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
Image
Published: 12 September 2022
Fig. 8 Fully porous segmental lattice implant replacing a large defect after surgical treatment of osteosarcoma. (a) Osteosarcoma of the femur shaft. (b) 3D-printed replica of the affected bone. (c) Implant design showing fixation strategy using nails and flanges. (d) Implant in situ after More