1-20 of 136 Search Results for

Stress relaxation

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Copper and copper alloys are used extensively in structural applications in which they are subject to moderately elevated temperatures. At relatively low operating temperatures, these alloys can undergo thermal softening or stress relaxation, which can lead to service failures. This...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... XRD residual-stress measurement are then presented. The article provides information on measurement of subsurface stress gradients and stress relaxation caused by layer removal. The article concludes with a section on examples of applications of XRD residual-stress measurement that are typical of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract The principal types of elevated-temperature mechanical failure are creep and stress rupture, stress relaxation, low- and high-cycle fatigue, thermal fatigue, tension overload, and combinations of these, as modified by environment. This article briefly reviews the applied aspects of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-relaxation testing. Shear testing, torsion testing, and formability testing are also discussed. The discussion of tension testing includes information about stress-strain curves and the properties described by them. compression testing fatigue testing formability testing fracture testing hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... characteristics of copper. The article also discusses the tensile-stress-relaxation behavior of selected types of copper wires. annealing copper copper wire recrystallization strengthening stress relaxation COMMERCIAL COPPERS contain at least 99.3% Cu with minor alloying elements and/or residual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... residual stresses may have changed or relaxed considerably upon failure. In certain instances, a map of the residual stresses as a function of distance from the failure location using microstress measurement techniques can indicate the extent of the stress and/or stress gradients local to the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... stress-relief operation involves heating the part to a certain temperature, holding at the elevated temperature for a specified length of time, followed by cooling to room temperature. Primary reduction in residual stresses takes place during the holding period due to creep and relaxation. Thus, if...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... stress stress relaxation thermal gradient THE PRESENCE OF MACROSCOPIC RESIDUAL STRESSES in heat treatable aluminum alloys can give rise to machining distortion, dimensional instability, and increased susceptibility to in-service fatigue and stress-corrosion cracking. Residual stresses arise during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... operation. Values for the Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio of the coating should be independently measured in order to determine the residual stress from strain relaxations. coatings hole-drilling strain-gage mechanical deflection residual macrostress stress determination X-ray diffraction ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article presents the Schmid's law that describes the response of crystal structures to loading. It describes the Taylor model to calculate the uniaxial yield stress of an isotropic face-centered cubic aggregate in terms of critical resolved shear stress. The article discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... commercial titanium alloys to reduce residual stresses ( Ref 32 ). It normally is employed to condition the metal for subsequent fabrication or machining or to restore desired combinations of ductility and stability after fabrication. Stress-relief treatment can produce relaxation of residual stresses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... microstructure. Elevated local stress in dislocation walls promotes cross slip, which in turn provides stabilization through relaxing local internal stresses. In summary, the two-dimensional structures that form as an immediate consequence of the mobile dislocations having left some parts of themselves behind...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... declining-load portion of the fatigue cycle. This results in a compressive stress at the crack tip due to the relaxation of the residual elastic tensile stresses induced in the uncracked portion of the material during the rising load cycle ( Fig. 23b ). The closing crack does not reweld, because the new...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... carbon in the diffusion zone, which leads to differences in the formation of precipitates during cooling, resulting in different residual stress states. This could be deduced from the different relaxation of residual stresses during aging, which depends on the carbon content of the steel matrix. Aging of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... stresses from previous process steps to be relaxed, leading to unavoidable distortion. Their contribution to the final distortion after quenching, however, may be relatively small in comparison to other factors such as geometry, dimensions, quenching conditions, and hardenability, to name just a few. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... relaxation can be a finishing operation per se. Reference 18 describes a variety of thermal and/or mechanical operations can be applied for stress relieving. For example, 90 s in a salt bath at 345 °C (650 °F) relieved 80% of the residual stress of ground steel parts ( Ref 19 ). Even if no stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... concurrently permitting sufficient ductility to be achieved in the surrounding grain that stress relaxation of the γ/γ′ could occur without premature failure. Prior to the development of the IHT process, precipitation-hardened nickel-base superalloys relied on a single solution and a single age to generate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., etc.) ( Fig. 15 ). Thus, g is a scalar quantity unlike applied stress, internal stress, or strain rate, which can change sign. While g can decrease as a result of recovery during unloading or relaxation, the maximum value of g remains fixed as g * and represents the strength state of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... describes the corrosion behavior of copper alloys in specific environments. It reviews the corrosion characteristics of copper and copper alloys in various acids, alkalis, salts, organic compounds, and gases. The article provides information on the behavior of copper alloys that is susceptible to stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses different heat treating techniques, including quenching, homogenizing, annealing, stress relieving, stress equalizing, quench hardening, strain hardening, tempering, solution heat treating, and precipitation heat treating (age hardening) for different grades of...