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Steam lines

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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 15 Heat flow inside of test piece (without agitation). (a) Steam line; T = 3.660 s, T = 3.693 s, T = 3.726 s. (b) Velocity vector; T = 3.660 s, 3.693 s, 3.725 s More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 16 Heat flow in bottom of test piece. (a) Without agitation; velocity T = 8.0 s, steam line T = 8.0 s. (b) With agitation; velocity T = 5.0 s, steam line T = 5.0 s More
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Published: 01 January 2006
that decreases and then increases (upper curve, triangle data points) is H 2 in steam. (b) The effect of H 2 injection on the radiation level in the steam lines and turbine from 16 N (transmuted from 16 O), which results in changes from soluble NO 3 − to volatile NO x and NH 3 . IGSCC More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 64 Oxide-filled intergranular cracks oriented normally to the hoop stress direction in the main steam line More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 33 Oxide-filled intergranular cracks oriented normally to the hoop stress direction in the main steam line. More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 55 Metallographic cross section through failure in 2.25Cr-1Mo weld main steam line of power plant. Secondary cracking in base metal indicates that failure is not uniquely the result of weld metal properties. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 32 Metallographic cross section through failure in 2.25Cr-1Mo weld main steam line of power plant. Secondary cracking in base metal indicates that failure is not uniquely the result of weld-metal properties. More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 7 Mollier diagram showing the low-pressure turbine steam expansion line, thermodynamic regions of impurity concentration, and corrosion mechanisms. Percent moisture lines are given. SCC, stress-corrosion cracking; CF, corrosion fatigue. Courtesy of O. Jonas, Jonas, Inc. More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 11 Geometry of steam vent line in Japanese power plant and erosion-hole geometry. Source: Ref 62 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 56 Failure of a reheat steam piping line at a power-generating station. (a) Fracture surface of reheat steam pipe showing corrosion products covering early fracture region and freshly exposed fracture surface of weld metal. (b) Closeup of weld metal showing intergranular cracks More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 17 Metallographic cross section of superheated steam outlet line that failed due to thermal fatigue (unetched). Source: Ref 56 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04F.a0007000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
... at 400 and 800 rpm in both the standard ASTM D6482 tank and the redesigned tank shown in Fig. 1 . Bubble collapse occurs over the entire test piece, as represented by a broken line. Fig. 5 Steam film behavior and collapse time. ASTM standard tank, (a) 400 rpm, t = 10.2 s, (b) 800 rpm, t= 8.5 s...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (that will be privatized at some installations) such as metal buildings, metal roofing, aircraft hangars, outdoor electrical sheet metal for air conditioners, electrical boxes, underground pipes (gas, water, steam, high-temperature hot water), pipes in buildings, boilers, chillers, condensate lines, water storage tanks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are less susceptible to overvulcanization due to prolonged heating. For this reason, many synthetic rubber formulations display improved resistance to thermal exposure and heat aging. The four basic methods for vulcanizing or curing rubber linings are autoclave, internal steam, atmospheric steam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and the PWR include ECCS. Their fundamental purpose is to cool down the reactor core in a LOCA or any other event that interrupts the reactor fluid cycle, such as a main steam line break (MSLB). Both of these situations require the injection of large volumes of water to counteract the interruption or loss...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article describes the eight chemical cleaning methods, namely, circulation, fill and soak, cascade, foam, vapor-phase organic, steam-injected, on-line chemical, and mechanical cleaning. It presents information on deposit types, solvents used to remove them, and construction...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to wrought Monel pipe. Metallographic examination disclosed many small microfissures in the weld metal, but no microfissures were found in the HAZs of the wrought Monel. This section of line contained high thermal stresses that resulted from injection of steam a short distance upstream from the coupling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... combustion gases, steam, or water to gases, vapors, or liquids of various types. Heat exchangers are of tube, plate, or sheet construction. Tubular heat exchangers are generally used for large fluid systems, whereas heat exchangers of plate or sheet construction are often preferred for smaller fluid streams...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... by deposition or evaporation of moisture) Insufficient pH control (in both acid and alkaline regions) High-velocity, high-turbulence, and low-pH moisture The situation is illustrated in Fig. 7 and 8 , which shows a Mollier diagram with a typical LP turbine steam expansion line, the thermodynamic...
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Published: 01 January 2005
the high chloride level from the steam. Alternative materials include fiber-reinforced plastic construction, nonmetallic linings, and more corrosion-resistant metals such as titanium and Ni-Cr-Mo alloys such as UNS N10276 and N06625, if the cost can be justified. Corrosion form and mechanism More