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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of a spherical-sector analyzer with a monochromatized x-ray source, reprinted with permission from Elsevier ( Ref 10 ) Fig. 9 XPS machine (Kratos AXIS Ultra) with a fracture stage, ultraviolet photon source, Auger attachment, and reaction cell (at the back, not shown). Courtesy of Marshall Space Flight...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... environment found in low earth orbit (LEO) on a silver solar cell interconnect. The pure silver foil, 40 μm (1.5 mil) thick, was exposed to the LEO environment for 40 h at 100 °C (210 °F) in the spacecraft velocity direction. The sample was flown on Space Shuttle flight 8. The original surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... • Heine R.W. et al. , “Flight/Ground Sample Comparison Relating to Flight Experiment M552, Exothermic Brazing,” Report No. NASA-CR-12059, University of Wisconsin, Department of Metallurgy and Mineral Engineering , prepared for George C. Marshall Space Flight Center, Dec 1973 • Long...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... solidification studies in reduced gravity. Solidification researchers needing extended-duration microgravity access require rocket-driven space flight into low-Earth orbits—defined as orbits with apogees between 150 and 300 nautical miles above the surface of the Earth. America's first space station, Skylab...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... deficiency. SEM, 120× and 240× (R.J. Schwinghamer, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center) Fig. 1324 Fig. 1325 ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... , Thermal Stability and Surface Accuracy Considerations for Space-Based Single- and Dual-Shell Antenna Reflectors , San Diego, CA, 1990 13. Dodson K. and Rule J. , Thermal Stability Considerations for Space Flight Optical Benches , 34th International SAMPE Symposium , Vol 34 , (Reno...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... structures is another consideration that makes various welding methods viable for space applications. Typical space welding applications generally fall into three categories: On-orbit construction of large structures Repair welding on-orbit and for exploration flights beyond the vicinity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... . Note ductile failure mode. SEM, 95×. Fig. 830 : Fracture surface of samples tested in hydrogen. 4.6×. Fig. 831 : Higher-magnification view of fracture surface in Fig. 830 . Note brittle cyrstallographic cracking. SEM, 95× (R.J. Schwinghamer, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center) Fig. 832, 833, 834...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., 1994 13. Dexter H.B. , “Long-Term Environmental Effects and Flight Service Evaluation of Composite Materials,” NASA TM-89067, National Aeronautics and Space Administration , Jan 1987 14. Dexter H.B. , Long-Term Environmental Effects and Flight Service Evaluation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... Manufacturers obtain in-flight recorded history from many other references, such as Ref 4 , 5 , and 6 . One of the more recent programs to obtain in-flight data was the Digital VGH Program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which used data from existing flight data recorders on L...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...-ray form factor f. Furthermore, neutrons produced in reactors or pulsed neutron sources are most prevalent at nearly the same wavelength as copper x-rays; consequently, powder diffraction is observed at roughly the same angles and over the same range of d -spacings as with x-rays. For the reasons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... agencies have established or are establishing strong scientific programs to use space as a critical, complementary venue to expedite the development of new products through the fundamental advances acquired from parabolic flights, sounding rockets, and the ISS. Since the Bronze Age, mankind has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... Useful data can be obtained from mode-converted signals; therefore, the interval from the first back wall to the mode-converted back wall signal shall also be included in the data collected when required by the referencing code. A maximum sample spacing of 1 mm (0.040 in.) shall be used between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... as contracting through the reciprocal space. (b) Raw data from one orientation as detected from a single crystal in time-of-flight mode. Data collected at the TOPAZ diffractometer at the Spallation Neutron Source. The large number of reflections observed is a result of the extensive simultaneous sampling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... applications (see the article “Space Applications” in this Section). However, no applications in aeronautical systems resulted from fiber-reinforced aluminum MMCs. Additional matrix alloys based on copper, magnesium, nickel, and niobium have been studied, but by far the largest effort has focused on fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... in Three Aged Conditions,” NASA CR-996, National Aeronautics and Space Administration , 1968 17. Hartman A. , On the Effect of Water Vapour and Oxygen on the Propagation of Fatigue Cracks in an Aluminum Alloy , Int. J. Fract. Mech. , Vol 1 , 1965 , p 167 – 188 18. Achter M.R...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Space Flight Center) Fig. 639, 640, 641, 642, 643, 644 Faceted fracture in hydrogen-damaged AISI type 304L. Hydrogen damage in type 304L supersaturated with hydrogen gas is most severe at −75 to −25 °C (−105 to −15 °F). The brittle fracture surfaces exhibit predominantly facets that form by parting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... along the [11 2 ¯ ] azimuth. The symbol “Sum” denotes the total calculated intensity from the first through the third layers. The polar angle was fixed at −18° from the sample surface during azimuth scans. Along the [ 1 ¯ 10] azimuth, the Pt-Pt spacing thus obtained was 2.77 Å for a clean...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... would be 600 lb/in. For a basic five row doubler joint (0.040 in. skin and 0.050 in. doubler) with a rivet spacing of 1.00 in. and a rivet diameter of 0.125 in., a displacement compatibility analysis would indicate a maximum shear load of 176 lb/rivet on the outer row of rivets. The bearing stress from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...) r ( 1 − cos     θ ) = N ⋅ d ( h k l ) where d ( hkl ) is the interplanar spacing for the ( hkl ) pole. The magnification can then be obtained from a calculation of the curvilinear distance r θ between the two poles and comparison with the corresponding distance...