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Shafts (power)

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., hydrogen-embrittlement fracture, fatigue crack propagation, and corrosion fatigue of components made from high-carbon steels. The high-carbon steel components include bull gear, drive shaft, power boiler stoker grate, steel wheel, spring wire, suspension spring, automotive engine valve spring, power spring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract In addition to failures in shafts, this article discusses failures in connecting rods, which translate rotary motion to linear motion (and conversely), and in piston rods, which translate the action of fluid power to linear motion. It begins by discussing the origins...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses failures in shafts such as connecting rods, which translate rotary motion to linear motion, and in piston rods, which translate the action of fluid power to linear motion. It describes the process of examining a failed shaft to guide the direction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005873
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... in a scanning operation using the same coil and equipment used for hardening. After the hardening operation was completed and an average effective case depth (40 HRC) of 3.5 mm (0.1 in.) was obtained, the shaft was scanned in the opposite direction at a reduced power, with no quench, in order to temper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of an induction-hardened shaft that was quenched with a high percentage of polymer Fig. 14 (a) Microstructure at low power setting, longitudinal direction. Original magnification: 100×. (b) Microstructure at low power setting, longitudinal direction. Original magnification: 400×. (c) Microstructure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.9781627081672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... Required case depth: 1.2 mm (0.05 in.); material: SAE 4340; heating time: 2 s; quench time: 6 s; shaft diameter: 16 mm (0.63 in.) Fig. 6 Results of computer modeling of induction through hardening on the same shaft as the example shown in Fig. 5 Fig. 7 Radial power density (heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Signature Diagnosis in Industrial Drives , International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive System (IJPEDS) , Vol. 1 , No. 1 ( 2011 ) 75 – 82 • Kuptsov V.V. , Sarvarov A.S. , Petushkov M.Y. , A New Approach to Analysis of Induction Motors with Rotor Faults during Startup...
Book Chapter

By H.W. Sizek
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003984
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of hydromechanical radial forging machines Table 3 Typical sizes and capacities of hydromechanical radial forging machines Maximum starting diameter Minimum forged diameter Forging force per ram Maximum stroke rate, strokes/min Installed forging drive power, kW Maximum workpiece weight mm in. mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... presses operating at speeds less than 20 strokes/min high-slip (8 to 13%) motors are usually required. Flywheel energy for a given job may be insufficient, although the press frame and shaft may be adequately strong. For a greater working distance or for faster operation, more energy and power must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... on centers and rotating it, with a coil designed for longitudinal current flow (in the axial direction) on two diametrically opposed surfaces. When using scanners, the power level is reduced substantially because a relatively local area of the material is heated at any one time, compared to static...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and reactions, and fluid power systems. This article addresses friction, lubrication, and wear of components in several types of machines such as positive displacement pumps including hydraulic pumps, turbo-pumps including centrifugal pumps, vacuum pumps, and compressors including the positive displacement type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Source: Ref 12 Comparison of results Table 4 Comparison of results Parameter Raimondi and Boyd method ( Ref 11 ) Hirani et al. method ( Ref 12 ) h min , μm 35 30 Location of h min 65° 65.5° Coefficient of friction 0.0125 0.0110 Power loss, W 47.12 41.72...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the helical gears can transmit more power more smoothly, the shortcomings are that they are very slightly less efficient and they create an axial thrust; the need for the larger bearing on the right side of the shaft is partially the result of that axial loading. In describing gear teeth, the helical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Power Shaft <xref rid="a0001478-ref8" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 8)</xref> Seal Assembly <xref rid="a0001478-ref9" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 9)</xref> Tube Assemblies for the Nuclear Industry <xref rid="a0001478-ref10" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 10)</xref> The authors wish to thank the American Welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... of this rectangle by gears. Power is applied at one point of the shaft arrangement and, due to the gearing, gives motion to all four shafts. The slides of the press are connected to cams mounted on the shafts. Split-type cams are often used for this purpose to facilitate conversion to various jobs. Through...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Bicycle races often end in sprints, with the cyclist achieving speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). Cycling requires training, endurance, strategy, and equipment. Bike racing demands a high level of concentration. No energy is wasted in unnecessary movements. While pedaling, power should be applied all the way...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005882
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Process schedule for induction scan hardening axle shaft Table 1 Process schedule for induction scan hardening axle shaft Step Time period, s Scan speed, mm/s Power, kW Spray quench 1(dwell) 9 … 36.5 No 2 1.5 15 23.9 No 3 6 8 35.4 Yes 4 99 8 35.4 Yes 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
.... Fig. 35 Schematic of the direct coupling approach to solving electromagnetic and heat-transfer problems. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 36 Actual temperature profile and power density distribution for induction surface hardening of carbon steel shafts using 10 kHz frequency. Case depth (CD) is 2 mm...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on each tooth. These two factors counterbalance each other; therefore, if the power transmitted is the same, the average unit loading remains about the same. Helical gears on crossed shafts make tooth contact only at a point. As the teeth pass through mesh, this point of contact advances from below...