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Sewage

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... It addresses the problems associated with materials for incinerator off-gas treatment equipment. The off-gases can be classified according to their corrosiveness as: industrial chemical, hospital, municipal solid, and sewage sludge. The article provides information on the selection of materials for the three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... gasoline fuels. It resists mild alkalis or salt spray. Typical uses are dairy and food-handling applications, cooking utensils, fittings for chemical and sewage use. It is also used in other applications where excellent resistance to corrosion and tarnish are required. Good castings of 514.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to more than 5% sulfuric acid ( Ref 28 ). Although fairly commonly encountered in nature, Thiobacillus proliferation only causes problems in a relatively few specialized industrial situations. One such condition can arise in sewage systems, in which sulfide concentration may be high, owing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., algae, and gaseous products from decomposing sewage. Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), combined with hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) from the slightly warm and fermenting sewage, reacts with the damp concrete surfaces to form carbonates and calcium sulfate (CaSO 4 ). As this process proceeds, the pH becomes more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... coatings are extensively used for steel protection on bridges and highway structures, chemical and petrochemical plants, sewage and water treatment, and any area where freshwater or saltwater corrosion, mild fumes, and high humidity and resultant corrosion is a problem. Zinc-rich coatings can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... is much greater than that of the reinforcing steel itself, great pressure is exerted on the concrete, which may cause it to crack and eventually spall. Sewage pumping stations are especially susceptible to this type of corrosion activity. Exposure of concrete surfaces to chlorides and hydrogen sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005970
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
...–0.60 0.50 Grade 3 0.70–1.10 1.50 14.20–14.75 3.25–5.00 0.20 max 0.50 Source: Ref 1 Applications High-silicon irons are extensively used in equipment for the production of sulfuric and nitric acids, for sewage disposal and water treatment, for handling mineral acids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., chalking/browning, some solvent sensitivity, and unsuitability for potable water usage. The primary uses for coal tar epoxy coatings are as pipe coatings; linings for penstocks, dam gates, and sheet pilings; nonpotable water tank coatings; below-grade waterproofing; sewage treatment tanks; paper mill...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... A413.0 Outboard motor pistons; dental equipment; typewriter frames; street lamp housings 443.0 Cookware; pipe fittings; marine fittings; tire molds; carburetor bodies 514.0 Fittings for chemical and sewage use; dairy and food handling equipment; tire molds A514.0 Permanent mold casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
..., including potable and sewage waters. Soft water (containing few dissolved minerals) and acidic (low-pH) water are more corrosive to both steel and cast iron and may cause graphitic corrosion to gray cast iron. Graphitization of the gray cast iron is the selective dissolution of iron from the iron/carbon...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... in equipment for the production of sulfuric and nitric acids, for sewage disposal and water treatment, for handling mineral acids in petroleum refining, and in the manufacture of fertilizer, textiles, and explosives. Specific components include pump rotors, agitators, crucibles, and pipe fittings in chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Extremes of sewage tanks to satellite solar array supports and truck leaf springs to Formula 1 engine air inlet trumpets and fuel injector tubes are examples. These diverse applications have had materials specifically tailored to provide extremes of performance. For instance aramid fibers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... of Durferrit GmbH (Mannheim, Germany) and Kolene Corporation (Detroit, Mich.) ( Ref 30 , 36 ), but due to the high investment cost and sewage problems they were unable to bring about a renaissance of salt baths and replace plasma or gaseous treatments. A typical treatment is 2 to 4 h at 570 °C (1060 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Chromic acid is toxic, may cause cancer by inhalation, and must not enter ground water, bodies of water, or sewage systems. See the Material Safety Data Sheets available from the supplier for conditions of use. Etching should follow soon after final polishing. The specimen should be cleaned in alcohol...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., or cleaning uses. The wastewater generated from these origins enters drain pipes, where it flows mostly by gravity to sewer collection pipes. The collection pipes generally convey the wastewater to larger-diameter interceptor pipes, which transport the sewage by gravity or via pump stations to larger pump...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...-methylphenyl-alanine Mansfeld et al. ( Ref 44 ) used linear polarization to determine R p for mild steel sensors embedded in concrete exposed to a sewer environment. One concrete sample was periodically flushed with sewage to remove sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ) produced by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... as an internal fuel. Lime sludge, produced during acetylene manufacture, can be combined with high-grade limestone to make cement clinkers. Municipal sewage sludge can be treated to produce an inorganic material that serves as a brick admixture. Brick made with this material have properties similar to those...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... polyethylene (PE) pipeline to transport gas, water, and sewage wastes. Hot-Gas Welding A stream of hot air or gas (nitrogen, air, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, or oxygen) is directed toward the filler and the joint area using a torch ( Ref 18 ). A filler rod or tape (of a similar composition to the polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... 250 Urea … 121 250 Vinyl chloride … 93 200 Salt water … 140 285 Sewage water … 121 250 Source: Ref 11 Low Maintenance Polyvinylidene fluoride-based coatings require little maintenance because of their resistance to dirt pickup, chemical staining, and mildew...