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Resources Conservation and Recovery Act

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Solid Waste Amendments of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act gave the EPA and state agencies the power to regulate companies that generate more than 100 kg (220 lb) per month of hazardous waste. Waste that contains chromium falls into the so-called “third-third” category (can be disposed of if...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes selected U.S. environmental statutes and regulations that are pertinent to material surface finishers. It provides information on the applicability, requirements, and permitting conditions of the Clean Air Act, the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... recommended by the federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations. This article explains the selection considerations of such fluids, as well as the applications and environmental issues related to the grinding processes. finishing finishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... development; defines the term strategic materials; summarizes the current status of U.S. resources and reserves; discusses the supply sources and availability of strategic materials; and, finally, concentrates on the results achieved by the NASA Conservation of Strategic Aerospace Materials (COSAM) program...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Degreasing , 3rd ed. , ASTM • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Regulations , 29 CFR part 1910 • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) , 40 CFR 190–299 • Solvent Cleaning , Electroplating Engineering Handbook , 4th ed. , Van Nostrand Reinhold , p 121 – 147...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... by acting to promote local anodic dissolution. In the most resistant alloys, such as alloy C-276 ( Table 3 ), elemental sulfur and a temperature of about 205 °C (400 °F) must also be present to cause SCC. The presence of elemental sulfur can accelerate cracking in most corrosion-resistant alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and offenders can be cited for operating a treatment, storage, and disposal facility without a permit. Through the containment systems described earlier in this article, the industrial paint-removal industry has taken steps to minimize releases and to capture any...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... printed wiring board QWP quarter-wave plate r radius; resistivity R roentgen; force vector R radius; gas constant; resistance R a surface roughness in terms of arithmetic average RA reduction in area RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RE rare...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) governs the handling, storage, and disposal of wastes. The RCRA applies to the generators (usually owners and contractors), transporters, and disposers of waste. Soils Federal EPA does not have any specific regulations addressing soils contamination. However, EPA has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... to promote film formation and adhesion. Control of deposit thickness and chemistry, as well as removal, may be operating problems during production. In solid-film lubrication, separation of tool and workpiece occurs by interposing a solid film. These solids act to provide a hydrodynamic film as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... State regulations. In either case, violation of environmental law is a violation of criminal law—which is a powerful command and control-driven incentive. Table 1 Major environmental legislation in the United States Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 1976 (RCRA) Clarified waste disposal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... that deal in scrap can be categorized as either processors or brokers. Processors purchase iron and steel scrap and process, or upgrade, the scrap to meet customer needs. Brokers act as intermediaries, purchasing the scrap from a source and selling it unaltered to a consumer. There are more scrap...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... forces. Any dust that is generated can be carried away to another place as a result of air currents. Ventilation air flows or air streams generated when material falls under gravitational forces act on fines in the material (the dust) and separate them from the main stream ( Fig. 1 ). Thus, even if dust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... generally act as cleaners. They contain soaps, amines, sodium salts of sulfonated fatty alcohols, alkyl aromatic sodium salts of sulfonates, or other types of soluble addition agents. Usually, all three types of fluids are easily removed, and the chips fall away during cleaning, unless the chips or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article reviews high strain rate compression and tension test methods with a focus on the general principles, advantages, and limitations of each test method. The compression test methods are cam plastometer test, drop tower compression test, the Hopkinson bar in compression, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... describes the corrosion behavior of copper alloys in specific environments. It reviews the corrosion characteristics of copper and copper alloys in various acids, alkalis, salts, organic compounds, and gases. The article provides information on the behavior of copper alloys that is susceptible to stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... consensus in the metal coating industry is that costs for hazardous materials handling and waste disposal are increasing. Table 2 Federal environmental laws that affect cadmium use, emission, and waste disposal Federal law Acronym Potential impact Resource Conservation and Recovery Act...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...), hazardous air pollutants ( Ref 60 ) (use of specific volatile chemicals), the Toxic Substances Control Act ( Ref 61 ) (registration and use of chemicals), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments ( Ref 62 ) (disposal of materials), the International Air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... that must be reported to the state in order to comply with the right-to-know law. Most materials used for aqueous degreasing do not appear on this list and have no reporting requirements. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 requires that hazardous waste be disposed of in a...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... readily absorb oil. For light coatings, a kerosene-based or similar solvent emulsion cleaner is used. A thin residue of oil left on the metal after two rinses acts as a buffering agent or grain-refiner, to produce a thinner, finer-grain coating. Usually, less lubricating oil is desired in conjunction with...