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Reinforced concrete

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Rehabilitation is the process of repairing or modifying reinforced concrete structures to a desired useful condition. This article describes the operational steps for the structural assessment of reinforced concrete structures. It discusses the classification of composite materials...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 36 Electrical circuit analog of reinforced-concrete cathodic protection system components. (a) Anode is embedded or affixed to structure. (b) Anodes installed remote from the reinforced-concrete structure. ICCP, impressed-current cathodic protection; T/R, transformer/rectifier More
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Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 11 Crushing of concrete deck in flexural failure. The fiber-reinforced polymer tensile reinforcement remained elastic while the steel reinforcement yielded. More
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Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 12 Delamination of fiber-reinforced polymer composite from concrete slab in flexural failure. The concrete remaining on the composite indicates good bond. More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 12 Corrosion-induced spalling of overlying concrete on reinforced columns. See also Fig. 13 . More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings in these municipal water systems. The most commonplace corrosion-damage mechanisms are highlighted. The article describes the most common materials of construction found in municipal water systems, namely, cast iron, ductile iron, carbon steel, precast concrete cylinder pipe and reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Bridges and highways are core components of transportation system and range from pavements with earth, gravel, or stone covered by a thin bituminous surface course to a continually reinforced Portland cement concrete (PCC) roadway with or without a bituminous wear course. This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Portland cement concrete has low environmental impact, versatility, durability, and economy, which make it the most abundant construction material in the world. This article details the types and causes of concrete degradation. Concrete can be degraded by corrosion of reinforcing steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... adequate building performance. Parking structures are frequently of conventionally reinforced concrete or prestressed/posttensioned construction. Where such structures are in the snow-belt areas of the country or where chlorides may intrude because of the proximity of marine environments...
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 39 Components of a weight coat system including (1) corrosion-protective coating and (2) reinforced concrete outer layer More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Severely deteriorated sludge storage tank during repairs. A structural epoxy will be applied to the reinforced concrete. Courtesy of S. Paul, CorrTech, Inc. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... by the ancient Israelites (800 b.c.), or in the combination of different orientations of veneers of wood, as in plywood, has a long history. The concept of combining materials to create a new system having some of the advantages of each of the constituents can be seen in reinforced concrete (steel, aggregate...
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 8 Corrosion of steel reinforcement in concrete. Courtesy of KTA-Tator, Inc. More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 9 Subsidence cracks can develop over reinforcing steel as the concrete settles or subsides. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of ways to protect bridges from corrosion, including cathodic protection and the use of more corrosion-resistant materials, such as aluminum, stainless steel, and reinforced fiberglass, but by far, the use of a coating as a barrier to prevent environmental contact with an underlying steel or concrete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the composite repair scheme as applied to metal structures, such as that found on aging aircraft. Civil infrastructure issues with respect to repairing concrete and steel-based constructions are covered in the article “Rehabilitation of Reinforced Concrete Structures Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... coatings is production of anodes for cathodic protection of steel reinforcement in concrete. Thermal spraying is virtually unlimited in scale and complexity of applications, ranging from small fasteners to structures. Production of coatings is rapid and can be automated. Other advantages of thermal spray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... or in the top of structures such as wet wells, can then convert the hydrogen sulfide to sulfuric acid. Concrete is severely attacked by sulfuric acid. Rapid destruction of the concrete and subsequent exposure of the aggregate and reinforcing steel can occur. A typical example of hydrogen-sulfide-induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... and MGS-1 Global Simulant) ( Ref 30 ). Other materials being investigated by the same research team are sulfur concrete and a polylactic acid (PLA)-based mixture reinforced by basalt fibers. Both of these materials are waterless and based on indigenous raw ingredients (sulfur, regolith, and basalt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... copper copper alloys corrosion control ductile iron ferrous metals localized corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion municipal wastewater systems protective coatings reinforced concrete pipes wastewater treatment THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE is to acquaint the reader with useful...