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Radiation - indirect failure

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., frequency, and differential measurements Changes may indicate weakening or failed structural components, alignment issues, bearing wear, shaft crack, imbalance. Indirect indication of degradation or failure May provide advance warning of degradation prior to catastrophic failure Piping systems, rotating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... electromagnetic radiation in the optical range.” Visual inspection depends on the naked eye, which is aided by the use of optical tools and measuring instruments, and can be either direct or indirect depending on the inspector’s accessibility to the specimen or area under examination ( Fig. 1 , 2 ). Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... capital expenditures). No calculation was made for the indirect costs of production outages or indirect costs related to catastrophic failures. The costs of operation and maintenance related to corrosion were not readily available; estimating these costs would require detailed study of data from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
....), chemical exposures (cleaning supplies, water, gases, etc.), and environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, radiation, etc.). To assure optimal performance and avoid failure, designers are tasked with identifying and defining the myriad ways in which a user is likely to interact with parts, assemblies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., contact angle, work of adhesion, solid surface energy, and wetting and wicking. The article describes the change in interphase depending on the reinforcing fiber such as glass fiber, polymeric fiber, and carbon fiber. It emphasizes fiber-matrix adhesion measurements by direct methods, indirect methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Characterization of Weathering and Radiation Susceptibility , Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics , ASM International, 2003, p 153–158, which was adapted from Laura C. Delre and Robert W. Miller, Characterization of Weather Aging and Radiation Susceptibility, Engineering Plastics , Volume 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article discusses the failure analysis of several steel transmission pipeline failures, describes the causes and characteristics of specific pipeline failure modes, and introduces pipeline failure prevention and integrity management practices and methodologies. In addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
..., and/or displacement sensors measure local displacements. Analysis includes amplitude, frequency, and differential measurements Changes may indicate weakening or failed structural components, alignment issues, bearing wear, shaft crack, imbalance. Indirect indication of degradation or failure May provide advance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Failure analysis is a process of acquiring specified information regarding the appropriateness of the design of a part, the competence with which the various steps of its manufacture have been performed, any abuse suffered by it in packing and transportation, or the severity of service...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... polymers, including the polymerization method, how the material deforms, or molecular origin or stability. The article contains tables that list common medical polymers used in medical devices. It explains the medical polymer selection criteria and regulatory aspects of materials selection failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... intensity rather than to the total amount of radiation. However, radiographic films, when used with fluorescent screens, exhibit reciprocity law failure because the response of film emulsions varies with the rate of impingement of photons of visible light (screen brightness) and with total exposure. If tube...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... composition as the material from which it originated, which means that the portion of material selected possesses the essential characteristics of the bulk. Nearly all modern instrumental analytical systems are indirect methods that are based on the measurement of a characteristic effect of a given...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0007023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... of the established and emerging NDT techniques for IPM (an indirect inspection method) and IPI (a direct inspection method) in AM also are provided, highlighting their advantages and limitations. This article ends with a list of the main NDT methods and techniques used. Qualification and certification of AM parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... explains the cavitation mechanism and failure modes that occur during hot-tension testing. cavitation commercial alloys conventional isothermal hot-tension test ductility Gleeble machine Gleeble testing hot tension testing THE DEVELOPMENT of successful manufacturing techniques for metallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... the material. Direct heating methods generate heat within the workpiece, passing an electrical current through the material, inducing an electrical current (eddy current) into the material, or exciting atoms/molecules within the material with electromagnetic radiation (e.g., microwave). Indirect heating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... being assessed and on the capability to implement the NDE measurements to discriminate to the expected level of acceptance applied. Applications of NDE Reliability to Systems Most failures in NDE systems applications and in the automation of an NDE system can be attributed to failures in NDE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract While there are many fracture mechanisms that can lead to the failure of a plastic component, environmental stress cracking (ESC) is recognized as one of the leading causes of plastic failure. This article focuses on unpacking the basic concepts of ESC to provide the engineer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... sections radiographic film processing THE TERM RADIOGRAPHY often refers to the specific radiological method that produces an image on film (conventional radiography) or digitally using detection systems that fluoresce once exposed to penetrating radiation (with x-rays or γ-rays). This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article presents tools, techniques, and procedures that engineers and material scientists can use to investigate plastic part failures. It also provides a brief survey of polymer systems and the key properties that need to be measured during failure analysis. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... quality control radiation cure coatings roller coating safety and environmental precautions structural steel surface preparation tumble coating PAINTING is a generic term for the application of a thin organic coating to the surface of a material for decorative, protective, or functional...