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Protons

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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 4 Background spectra, experimental and theoretical, for 3-MeV protons on thin clean transition metal substrates. E r is the energy of the electron recoil caused by a 3-MeV proton on carbon. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 4 Background spectra, experimental and theoretical, for 3 MeV protons on thin, clean transition metal substrates. E r is the energy of the electron recoil caused by a 3 MeV proton on carbon. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 6 Distribution of protons and anions in porous type anodic oxide films. A, Al 2 O 3−x (anion) y · z H 2 O; B, Al 2 O 3−x (anion) y ; C, Al 2 O 3 More
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 2 (a) Kα x-ray production cross sections versus proton energy and atomic number and (b) L x-ray production cross sections versus proton energy and atomic number. Source: Ref 4 . More
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 5 Sensitivity of PIXE analysis versus proton energy and atomic number based on typical parameter given in the text. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 7 Comparison of (a) electron microprobe and (b) proton microprobe analyses of a biological sample. More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 35 Comparison of neutron-based prediction with proton-induced creep after removing the effect of thermally induced relaxation. Source: Ref 159 More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 40 (a) A TEM image of a Zr(Cr,Fe) 2 precipitate after proton irradiation at 2 MeV, 310 °C (590 °F), to 5 dpa and EDS spectra for the region just outside of the precipitate, showing the concentration of iron in the matrix adjacent to the precipitate. Source: Ref 181 More
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 2 (a) Kα and (b) L x-ray production cross sections versus proton energy and atomic number. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 5 Sensitivity of particle-induced x-ray emission analysis versus proton energy and atomic number based on typical parameter given in the text. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 7 Comparison of (a) electron microprobe and (b) proton microprobe analyses of a biological sample More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 1 Analyzer output: time-domain acceleration of the Proton Perdana engine. FFT, fast Fourier transform More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 2 Analyzer output: autospectrum of the vibration measurement of the Proton Perdana engine. FFT, fast Fourier transform More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... types of reactions for calculation and construction of E-pH diagrams: electrochemical reactions of pure charge (electron) transfer; reactions involving both electron and solvated proton transfer; and acid-base reactions of pure solvated proton transfer. It illustrates the practical use of E-pH diagrams...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... the applications of PIXE in three areas, namely, atmospheric physics and chemistry, external proton milliprobes and historical analysis, and PIXE microprobes. calibration data reduction particle-induced X-ray emission spectroscopy quality assurance X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy Overview...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the applications of PIXE in atmospheric physics and chemistry, external proton milliprobes and historical analysis, and PIXE microprobes. particle-induced X-ray emission Overview Introduction Particle-induced x-ray emission (PIXE) is one of several elemental analyses based on characteristic x-rays...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... are arranged by order of atomic number in such a way that the periodic properties (chemical periodicity) of the elements are most similar. The atomic number represents the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom and is unique to an element. The standard form of the table includes periods (horizontal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and the Nernst equation. It describes galvanic cell reactions and corrosion reactions in an aqueous solution in an electrochemical cell. The article explores the most common cathodic reactions encountered in metallic corrosion in aqueous systems. The reactions included are proton reduction, water reduction...
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 15 Energy-dissipation photochemical/thermic mechanism shown with a benzotriazole ultraviolet absorber. ESIPT, excited-state intramolecular proton transfer More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 18 Effect of oversize solute on the grain-boundary chromium concentration following irradiation with electrons ( Ref 90 ), protons ( Ref 91 ), and neutrons ( Ref 92 ) More