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Portland cement

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract Bridges and highways are core components of transportation system and range from pavements with earth, gravel, or stone covered by a thin bituminous surface course to a continually reinforced Portland cement concrete (PCC) roadway with or without a bituminous wear course...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...Abstract Abstract Portland cement concrete has low environmental impact, versatility, durability, and economy, which make it the most abundant construction material in the world. This article details the types and causes of concrete degradation. Concrete can be degraded by corrosion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... processes and advanced manufacturing techniques are often used where these materials are employed. This article examines several traditional ceramics, including structural clay, whiteware, glazes, enamels, portland cements, and concrete. It also provides a detailed account of fabrication methods, properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of portland cement mortar on epoxy coating technology. The use of cast iron piping in water systems largely ended in the 1970s when it was replaced with cement-mortar-lined ductile iron and steel pipe. Retrofit of cast iron piping, especially large-diameter (41 cm, or 16 in., and larger) transmission mains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of chemical processing, exhaust vapors, molten metals, cement clinker production, and fused glass (including slags) at extreme temperatures. The most demanding applications are containment refractories, which are nominally fully dense (near-zero porosity) and designed in terms of chemistry and phase structure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... can improve the strength and durability of hardened concrete made with portland cement, accelerating admixtures are required to counter the increased settling time and slow early strength development. Fig. 2 Flow chart of the general procedure for the hydrothermal processing of fly ash to make...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... acidic. Bacterial action results in the production of elemental sulfur from various sulfate reactions, with subsequent oxidation of elemental sulfur to H 2 SO 4 , which the bacteria secrete. The H 2 SO 4 then directly attacks the underlying portland cement concrete substrate and causes destruction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... damage. Ductile and steel water pipes sometimes have a Portland cement lining centrifugally cast to their interior as part of the manufacturing process. Centrifugal casting provides a more dense cement lining, making it more resistant to leeching of alkalinity and more abrasion resistant than sprayed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... along streets and roads are also generally made from ductile iron or PVC. From the 1960s through the 1980s, sewerage piping was also made from asbestos cement. Larger ductile iron pipes (primed with the bituminous primer mentioned previously) generally do not receive other exterior protective coatings...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The rest of the mixture consists of two or more filler materials, such as wollastanite, ceramic talc, fly ash, pearlite, and sand. Portland cement, Hydrocals (U.S. Gypsum), fiberglass, and terra alba are also sometimes used to enhance the strength of the mold and to improve setting behavior. Mixing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... that typically controls corrosion behavior under these circumstances is the calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH) 2 ) introduced into the cementitious material by the portland cement or, in the case of mortars, lime. The reaction of Ca(OH) 2 with atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is an important degradation mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of various coating materials, namely, silicate glasses, oxides, carbides, silicides, and cermets. It reviews ceramic coating methods: brushing, spraying, dipping, flow coating, combustion flame spraying, plasma-arc flame spraying, detonation gun spraying, pack cementation, fluidized-bed deposition, vapor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... catalysts Iron, copper, copper oxides Cemented carbides Cobalt, molybdenum, titanium, tungsten, nickel, tantalum, niobium Chemical Aluminum, lead, tin, copper, iron, nickel, manganese Coatings  Anti-fouling paints Copper, copper oxide  Conductive paints and plastics Silver, copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... cleaned should be patched with compatible materials. In general, Portland cement mortar patches provide good bond and compatibility with the existing concrete substrate. Polymer concretes are preferred for small patches (less than 20 mm, or 0.79 in. thick). Where damage has occurred due to overload...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., the atmosphere, or the substrate will cause foaming in polyurethanes; and aspartic polyureas are catalyzed by moisture in the resins or the atmosphere. In addition, a urethane/urea concrete (also called a polymer concrete, using portland cement) with aromatic isocyanate is often used in the food industry because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... require the use of either ferrosilicon fines, portland cement, or an ester to harden the mold. In comparison with sand molds and cores produced by other methods, those made by carbon dioxide molding have poor shakeout properties. However, shakeout difficulties can be minimized by close control...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Portland cement is primarily used and has the most favorable strength properties. Therefore, it was used for very large iron castings such as ship propellers or other applications in which green sand was too weak. The main disadvantage is slow curing time. Additives such as plasticizers are used as well...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...) 0.18 0.32 PP 0.05 0.09 Cast iron 0.15 0.26 LDPE 0.04 0.07 Portland cement 0.05 0.09 Portland cement 0.016 0.03 Common brick 0.04 0.07 Common brick 0.008 0.01 Concrete (ready mixed) 0.02 0.04 Concrete (ready mixed) 0.006 0.01 (a) The costs are based...