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Piston rods

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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 158 Surface of a fracture in a lift-truck hydraulic-piston rod of low-carbon steel that broke at a fillet by fatigue. Several fatigue-crack nuclei are evident at top edge (between A's), and there is another at the bottom edge (between B's). Fracture was by reversed bending. Final fast More
Image
Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 570 Surface of a fatigue fracture in a 200-mm (8-in.) diam piston rod of a steam hammer for forging. The rod was fabricated from 0.26C-0.70Mn-0.87Ni-1Cr steel and heat treated to a hardness of 24 HRC at the surface and 17 HRC at the center of the section. This is an example More
Image
Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 16 Piston rod printed with metal binder jetting process. Courtesy of Wabtec Corporation More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses failures in shafts such as connecting rods, which translate rotary motion to linear motion, and in piston rods, which translate the action of fluid power to linear motion. It describes the process of examining a failed shaft to guide the direction of failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., automotive bolts, hydraulic jack shafts, crank handle collars, boiler tubes, drive shafts, bicycle pedal axles, lift-truck hydraulic-piston rods, and steel springs. boilers delayed fracture fatigue crack propagation fatigue fracture fractograph impact fracture intergranular fracture low-carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract In addition to failures in shafts, this article discusses failures in connecting rods, which translate rotary motion to linear motion (and conversely), and in piston rods, which translate the action of fluid power to linear motion. It begins by discussing the origins of fracture. Next...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... applications of MMCs. The applications include ventral fin, fuel access door covers, helicopter blade sleeve, fan exit guide vane, nozzle actuator piston rod, nozzle actuator links, T-1 racks, and hydraulic manifold. aeronautical subsystem application aeropropulsion application aerostructural...
Image
Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 6 Jet engine applications of titanium-matrix composites. (a) A nozzle actuator piston rod used on the Pratt & Whitney F119 engine for F-22 aircraft. The part is made of a Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo alloy reinforced with SiC monofilaments that are 129 ╬╝m in diameter. The inset shows More
Image
Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 159 A view of coarse machining marks that were found in the fillet in Fig. 158 between the larger-diameter portion of the piston rod and the threaded end. A secondary crack that follows a machining mark is visible at top center. These surface marks are considered to be areas of local More
Image
Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 10 Schematic of piston, piston pin, connecting rod and bearing surfaces More
Image
Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 7 Examples of piston and rod hydraulic seals. Adapted from Ref 5 and 6 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... that have to be loosened only for changeover to a new welding job. Bolted to the traverse are two dies that support the blanks to be welded. The dies, in turn, are attached to two fixtures to which the piston rods of the hydraulic actuators are bolted. Each hydraulic actuator has a sensor to monitor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... characteristics of the engine. Conversely, the lubricant can affect the pre-ignition of the fuel as well, potentially in low speed pre-ignition (LSPI) of gasoline direct injection engines ( Ref 4 , 5 , 6 ). Multitudes of the various geometric mechanical arrangements of the pistons, connecting rods...
Image
Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 961 Components of an experimental automotive connecting rod that fractured by overload during testing. (Shown also is the piston used in test.) The cast rod had the following composition: 9.0% Si, 1.2% Fe, 3.7% Cu, 0.3% Mg, 0.5% Ni, 1.0% Zn, 0.2% Ti, remainder Al. Note that the shaft More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-expansion alloys are used in various applications such as rods and tapes for geodetic surveying, moving parts that require control of expansion (such as pistons for some internal-combustion engines), bimetal strip, components for electronic devices etc. This article discusses the properties, composition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... engine parts are cylinder blocks, cylinder bores, cast iron cylinder liners, piston rings, connecting rod bearings, turbochargers, engine valve lifters, exhaust system parts, and oxygen sensors. The article also describes the benefits of using thermal spray on transmission parts such as synchronizer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article provides information on the applications of metal-matrix composites in engine components, brake system, and driveshaft. The components include pistons, cylinder liners, valves, pushrods, and connecting rods. metal-matrix composites engine components brake system...
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 14 Automotive components fabricated from MMCs. Clockwise from left: experimental piston for a gasoline engine, experimental cylinder liner, production piston for a heavy-duty diesel truck engine, and experimental connecting rod. Courtesy of Ford Motor Company More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003973
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... a cylinder that, through a piston and piston rod, drives the ram. In its lower face, the ram carries an upper die, which contains one part of the impression that shapes the forging. The lower die, which contains the remainder of the impression, is keyed into an anvil cap that is firmly wedged in place...
Image
Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 962 Fracture surface of the portion of the aluminum alloy connecting rod in Fig. 961 that was still attached to the piston after the test. It appears that each flange contains a chevron pattern, which suggests that there were two crack origins. This supports the theory that two More