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Nuclear reactor components

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Abstract Nuclear power plants benefit from thermal spray coatings for corrosion and erosion minimization and dimensional restoration of worn parts. This article provides a detailed discussion on the advantages of thermal spray coatings, fission reactor component coatings, and coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Turbine generator unit in boiling water reactor plant Level II coating usage in the nuclear power plant Table 4 Level II coating usage in the nuclear power plant Reactor component Reactor type BWR PWR Auxiliary buildings subject to radiation • Radioactive waste storage areas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to LWR operation and maintenance (O&M): [dollar]2 billion/year As can be seen in Table 2 , which presents the ten most expensive O&M costs of corrosion for one particular reactor site, Oconee units 1, 2, and 3 PWRs, the cost of corrosion in the nuclear power industry is extremely high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... The U.S. nuclear industry generates approximately 20% of the electricity needs primarily from reactors designed and built over 30 years ago. Safety concerns continue to plague the industry. Severe cracks found at one nuclear power reactor (ca 2001) and the boric acid corrosion of carbon steel that nearly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... approaches ( Ref 12 , 13 ) and water chemistry issues ( Ref 14 ), and in information notices published on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) website ( Ref 15 ). Evolution of EAC incidents in boiling water reactors Table 1 Evolution of EAC incidents in boiling water reactors Component...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... corrosion. It concludes with information on the external bolting corrosion in nuclear power reactors. low-strength austenitic stainless steels corrosion fouling intergranular corrosion intergranular stress corrosion cracking nickel-base alloys high-strength nickel-base alloys nuclear power...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... density of the steam or to maintain water in the liquid phase. This type of environment is highly aggressive for most of the alloys. Claddings and structural components of the early days of the nuclear industry were made of stainless steels. However, the aim of reducing the 235 U enrichment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in nuclear power reactors, which make up approximately 17% of the world's electric power production. Service failures have occurred in boiling water reactor (BWR) core components and, to a somewhat lesser extent, in pressurized water reactor (PWR) core components consisting of iron- and nickel-base stainless...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steel products (see the following table). These applications include an extremely diversified range of uses, including nuclear reactor vessels, heat exchangers, oil industry tubulars, components for chemical processing and pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil fuel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... compositions for steels of interest for nuclear reactor applications Table 1 Typical compositions for steels of interest for nuclear reactor applications Steel Chemical composition, wt% Cr Ni Mo Mn Si C V Nb W Ti N Austenitic stainless steels 316 stainless steel 18.0 13.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Liquid lithium systems have been designed for two widely different areas: space nuclear power and fusion reactors. These two applications draw on unique properties of this liquid metal and have led to studies with a wide range of containment materials and operating conditions. Space power reactors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... for nuclear power plant components ( Ref 1 ) and Section VIII for the construction of pressure vessels ( Ref 2 )—and the ASME Code for Pressure Piping (B31) ( Ref 3 ) In Germany, the Technical Rules for Steam Boilers (TRD) ( Ref 4 ), the Technical Rules for Pressure Vessels (AD-Rules) ( Ref 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... In CP-1, the fast neutrons resulting from fission were slowed down (or moderated) using graphite. A major breakthrough was achieved shortly after by sucessfully maintaining a sustained nuclear reaction in another graphite reactor, named X-10, located at what became the Oak Ridge National Laboratory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... in depth—are responsible for maintaining high reliability and safety of operating nuclear power reactors. In most cases, a single component can fail without endangering public health and safety. Pressure Vessels for Non-Nuclear Applications The BPVC is over a century old and was created to address...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of components important to safety. No one action, system, or component is depended upon to maintain safety; but a number of actions, systems, and components with multiple backups taken together—defense in depth—are responsible for maintaining high reliability and safety of operating nuclear power reactors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... on the efficacy of any particular method but also on the associated costs. In some cases, safety-sensitive industries such as nuclear or aerospace require NDE of safety-critical parts, but the NDE cannot increase the component cost beyond what the market will bear. Flaw Detection and Evaluation and Probability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Another interesting example for wear measurement with radioactive isotopes was published by Eberle et al. ( Ref 10 ). Components of a hydraulic pump were subjected to neutron bombardment in a nuclear reactor, where 59 Co is produced in the steel pistons and 65 Zn in the brass slippers. Both components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... to improve corrosion awareness and prevent corrosion/degradation. It describes a life prediction method with an example of environmental degradation in light-water nuclear reactors. The article concludes with a discussion on the validation of life-prediction algorithms and their applications. aqueous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-gun nozzles (TiC) Components for abrasive processing (TiC) Coating on ball bearings (TiC) Turbine blades (SiC, TiC) Nuclear Coating for neutron flux control in nuclear reactors (B 4 C) Coating for shielding against neutron radiation (B 4 C) Coatings for fusion reactor applications (SiC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of a safety-related structure, system, or component. These coating systems, in themselves, do not provide or perform a safety function; rather, it is the detachment of the coatings that creates a safety hazard. Design-Basis Accident Nuclear design engineers recognize that the worst-case scenario...