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Nuclear power generation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Surface coatings are essential in all facilities that process nuclear materials or use nuclear fission for power generation. This article describes the coatings used in two basic types of Generation 3 nuclear reactor designs in the United States and their containment size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... (>700 MW electric) nuclear fission power plants using the steam Rankine cycle to generate electricity. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency ( Ref 1 ), there are currently more than 400 nuclear plants operating worldwide, producing approximately 15% of the world's electricity. In addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article describes the corrosion mechanisms, challenges, and control methods in service water distribution systems. It provides a discussion on typical designs and water qualities for distribution systems used in fossil-fueled and nuclear power plants. The article also explains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Consequently, this is a region where much of the radiation exposures associated with primary circuit maintenance occurs. A second potential source of radioisotopes generated in nuclear power plants is within the fuel itself from nuclear fission and their decay products. These fission products are normally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... The U.S. nuclear industry generates approximately 20% of the electricity needs primarily from reactors designed and built over 30 years ago. Safety concerns continue to plague the industry. Severe cracks found at one nuclear power reactor (ca 2001) and the boric acid corrosion of carbon steel that nearly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... that the primary structural materials used in the fabrication of the nuclear steam supply system—stainless steels and nickel-base alloys—were characterized by very high general corrosion resistance in high-purity, high-temperature LWR-type environments. The problem was that the “qualifying” laboratory tests did...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in the construction of new nuclear power plants, or the fabrication and coating of equipment for installation in new or old nuclear power plants, generally are held to NQA-1:1994 requirements. As coating inspection expanded beyond nuclear power into industries such as transportation and water storage and supply...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... degradation. Boiling water reactor topics dealing with localized corrosion of zirconium alloy fuel cladding, plus a detailed analysis of the effects of irradiation on corrosion are addressed in other articles in this Section, “Corrosion in the Nuclear Power Industry.” The corrosion of balance-of-plant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... be separated into three protocols used by military nuclear power, commercial nuclear power, and non-nuclear pressure vessels and/or fired boilers. Military nuclear power generation equipment is governed by some nonpublic protocols, and, while a very important application of NDE and life assessment, is hence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... and Creep-Fatigue Properties of Annealed 2-1/4Cr-1Mo Steel , Structural Materials for Service at Elevated Temperatures in the Nuclear Power Generation , MPC-1, American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1975 , p 213 – 246 19. Booker M.P. , Strizak J.P. , and Brinkman C.R...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in nuclear power reactors, which make up approximately 17% of the world's electric power production. Service failures have occurred in boiling water reactor (BWR) core components and, to a somewhat lesser extent, in pressurized water reactor (PWR) core components consisting of iron- and nickel-base stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... If the detection system output is proportional to the power absorbed by the nuclear spin system, the resonance signal observed will be proportional to χ″, as given by Eq 11(c) . This is termed an absorption lineshape, and if γ 2 H 1 2 T 1 T 2 → 1, it will have a Lorentzian shape. It is also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and nuclear power systems in particular). Potential pH diagrams for metals in high temperature water are presented. The principle of E -pH diagrams has been extended to the case of adsorbed species on metal surfaces in water. Whereas the solid compounds treated in the classical diagrams are three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the application of solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in materials science, especially for inorganic and organic polymer solids. It begins with a discussion on the general principles of NMR, providing information on nuclear spin...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001750
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... erg / G where e is the charge of the electron, m is the mass of the electron, and c is the velocity of light. The first part of Eq 2 , ω 0 = γ H 0 , is ordinarily used in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), in which gyromagnetic ratios are tabulated. In ESR, it is customary to measure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... The diagrams were originally applied to corrosion problems in the nuclear power industry but were of such general nature that they have been used on a wide range of corrosion problems. Much GMS will generate the data for producing Pourbaix diagrams or will generate the diagrams themselves ( Fig. 4 ). One...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... be minimized by independent analysis where the data is presented to multiple independent reviews. Any indication disposition discrepancy is subject to an additional review. This type of analysis is common in critical nuclear NDE programs such as steam generator tube inspection ( Ref 2 ). Certification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Zry Fuel Cladding Corrosion Performance Mechanisms and Modeling , Zirconium in the Nuclear Industry, 11th Intl. Symp. , STP 1295, ASTM , 1996 , p 137 – 160 7. Waterside Corrosion of Zr Alloys in Nuclear Power Plants , TecDoc 996, International Atomic Energy Agency , Vienna, Austria , 1998...
Book Chapter

By W.R. Kanne, Jr.
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... up to 125 mm (5 in.) in diameter are used to seal the fill holes of canisters employed in the long-term disposal of high-activity nuclear waste. The canisters, which are made from 304L stainless steel, are 610 mm (24 in.) in diameter and 3 m (118 in.) in height. The plug configuration is shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... excitation of blades playing the major role. Stress-corrosion cracking of blade attachments ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 ) and erosion-corrosion of wet-steam piping ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 , 5 , 28 ) seem to be generic problems, particularly in nuclear turbines. Blade Failures...