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Nitric acid

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Nitric acid is a strongly oxidizing acid that is aggressively corrosive to many metals. Its oxidizing nature is affected by acid temperature and concentration, and composition of the alloy exposed to it. This article focuses on the corrosion behavior of various ferrous and nonferrous...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 11 Effect of nitric acid on corrosion rate in 50% sulfuric acid at 60 °C (140 °F). Source: Ref 14 More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 13 Isocorrosion diagrams for type 316L in sulfuric acid and nitric acid mixtures. (a) Boiling. (b) 79 °C (175 °F). (c) 52 °C (125 °F) More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 4 Nomograph for determining corrosion rate in boiling 65% nitric acid for solution-annealed and quenched type CF casting alloys More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 9 Corrosion of titanium metals in boiling nitric acid. Solution replaced with fresh solution every 24 h; total exposure time, 480 h More
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Published: 15 June 2019
Fig. 36 Corrosion of aluminum 1100-H14 in nitric acid (HNO 3 ) solutions at room temperature. Average penetration calculated from weight-loss data in short-term tests More
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Published: 15 June 2019
Fig. 37 Isocorrosion diagram for aluminum alloy A91100 in nitric acid. Source: Ref 134 More
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Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 10 Hydrogen absorption of Ti-8Mn as a function of the nitric acid content of the pickling solution. The pickling solution contained 2% hydrofluoric acid and was held at 70 °C (158 °F). An etch of 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) was made on 0.8 mm (0.030 in.) sheet. More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 12 Effect of alloying element on corrosion rate in sulfuric and nitric acid mixtures More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 30(b) Cold-etched (10% aqueous nitric acid) disk cut from the moil point shown in Fig. 30(a) . A nonuniform chill is evident; the dark areas are hardened. 2× More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 46 Macroetched (10% aqueous nitric acid) face of a cutter blade made from AISI S7 steel. Macroetching reveals the influence of frictional heat from service (dark-etching areas) that produce localized back-tempering (softening). More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 3 Isocorrosion diagram for Ultimet alloy (UNS R31233) in nitric acid More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 4 Solubility of lead nitrate in nitric acid More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 20 Isocorrosion diagram for C-276 alloy in nitric acid More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 21 Isocorrosion diagram for C-2000 alloy in nitric acid More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 20 Isocorrosion diagram of Zr702 in nitric acid More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 21 Anodic polarization curves for Zr702 in nitric acid at near-boiling temperature. Applied potential is given in volts versus the saturated calomel electrode (SCE). More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 9 Same surface as in Fig. 8 after a hot nitric acid passivation treatment. Many of the laps on the grit lines have been dissolved and much of the polishing debris removed. More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 46 Macroetched (10% aqueous nitric acid) face of a cutter blade made from AISI S7 steel. Macroetching reveals the influence of frictional heat from service (dark-etching areas) that produces localized back tempering (softening). More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... The corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation, corrosion by halogens...