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Metallography

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... a discussion on etching to reveal grain structure. The article also provides recommendations for metallographic examination of some standard coatings. abrasives cleaning deformation final polishing grinding manufacturing defects metallography polishing lubricants sectioning specimen mounting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract Optical metallography, one of the most common materials characterization techniques, uses visible light to magnify structural features of interest. This article discusses the use of optical methods to evaluate micro and macrostructure and relate it to process conditions and material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... and alloying method, and the microstructure, metallography is the only set of test methods capable of providing information on all three contributors. This is accomplished by the examination of properly selected and prepared specimens. Metallic specimens, both porous and pore-free, are opaque...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Visual examination, using the unaided eye or a low-power optical magnifier, is typically one of the first steps in a failure investigation. This article presents the guidelines for selecting samples for scanning electron microscope examination and optical metallography and for cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Control of the nodularity of graphite in ductile irons is critical to their performance. Details concerning the characterization of the graphite nodules are presented. Additional information on general procedures, effects of preparation on graphite retention, and color metallography also are addressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... the general preparation of metallographic specimens and the methods of macroscopic and microscopic examination. Usually, gray-scale (black-and-white) metallography is sufficient for microstructural analysis of cast irons. The article discusses the use of color metallography of gray irons and ductile irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... macroscopic examination magnesium die-casting alloys metallography microstructure semisolid feedstocks semisolid metalworking specimen preparation SEMISOLID METALWORKING is a forming process in which a partially liquid/partially solid metal mixture is injected into a die or mold and allowed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., and the effect of composition and processing on grain structure and growth rates. bronze copper-nickel alloys copper-nickel-zinc alloys copper-zinc alloys grain growth grain size high-copper alloys macrographic examination metallography microstructure COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS have played...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article discusses the principles of physical metallurgy and metallography of depleted uranium. It describes the techniques involved in the preparation of thin foils for transmission electron microscopy and illustrates the resulting microstructure of uranium and uranium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... reflected at the inner and outer film surfaces. Crystallographic orientation, local chemical composition, and etching time affect film thickness and control color production. The use of selective etchants is invaluable for quantitative metallography, a field of growing importance ( Ref 5 ). When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the origin of metallography. It presents information on how to select a section from a specimen and prepare it for macroscopic analysis. The article describes the macroscopic analysis of steel fracture surfaces with emphasis on ductile, brittle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... provides information on the microstructures of sleeve bearing materials. etching grinding lead lead alloys metallography microscopic examination microstructure mounting polishing sectioning sleeve bearings specimen preparation LEAD AND LEAD ALLOY specimens are prepared...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... boundaries grain counts grain size grinding iron lead magnesium metallography microexamination microstructure mounting polishing sectioning specimen preparation tin titanium zinc zinc alloys zinc-coated specimen ZINC AND ZINC ALLOY specimen preparation techniques are discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Metallography plays a significant role in the quality control of metals and alloys used in the manufacture of implantable surgical devices. This article provides information and data on metallographic techniques along with images showing the microstructure of biomedical orthopedic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., tin, zinc, and zirconium. alloying elements color etching macroetching macrostructural examination magnesium magnesium alloys magnesium specimens metallography microstructure specimen preparation FIVE BASIC MAGNESIUM ALLOY SYSTEMS are currently in commercial production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... some examples of the microstructure and examination for zircaloy alloys, hafnium, zirconium, and bimetallic forms. chemical processing applications etching grinding hafnium hafnium alloys metallography microstructure mounting nuclear applications polishing sectioning specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... information on etching and examines the microstructure of Nickel 200, Nickel 270, Duranickel 301, Monel 400, Monel R-405, Monel K-500, and other nickel alloys. Duranickel 301 metallographic specimen metallography microstructure Monel 400 Monel K-500 Monel R-405 nickel Nickel 200 Nickel 270...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... magnifications in optical metallography, requiring high optical resolution at magnifications of 1500├Ś. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and scanning Auger microscopy (SAM) are also employed depending on the need for more detailed microstructural characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... arc welding fusion welding longitudinal section metallography microstructure solid-state transformation structures transverse section solidification structures weld bead morphology welding defects welded joints weldments FUSION WELDING is the joining of two or more pieces of material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Archaeometallurgists use metallography to reveal and interpret the microstructures of objects, in conjunction with the results of their chemical analyses and microanalyses. This article describes a number of special problems that occur while performing metallographic analyses...