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Marine environments

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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 20 Comparison of corrosion results for two steels in marine environments. Source: Ref 18 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article describes the various environments affecting corrosion performance, corrosion protection, and corrosion control. These include freshwater environments, marine environments, and underground environments. The article provides information on corrosion in military environments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Cathodic protection (CP) is an electrochemical means of corrosion control widely used in the marine environment. This article discusses two types of CP systems: impressed current systems and sacrificial anode (passive) systems. It describes the anode materials used in these systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract The moderate-strength weldable alloy 5086 provides higher strength than alloy 5052 while maintaining good corrosion resistance in a marine environment. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects on physical and tensile properties, product...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
communities of urban or city areas. Temperate marine atmospheres The length of service life of the galvanized coating in marine environments is influenced by proximity to the coastline and prevailing wind direction and intensity. In marine air, chlorides from sea spray can react with the normally More
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
communities of urban or city areas. Temperate marine atmospheres The length of service life of the galvanized coating in marine environments is influenced by proximity to the coastline and prevailing wind direction and intensity. In marine air, chlorides from sea spray can react with the normally More
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 12 Army shipment (equipment) via sea is exposed to the elements of marine environment during transportation More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12 Mud cracks on the fracture surface of a quenched and tempered 4340 steel exposed to a marine environment. TEM replica More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 13 Mud cracks on the fracture surface of a quenched and tempered 4340 steel exposed to a marine environment. Transmission electron microscopy replica More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 22 Schematic diagram of shipboard engine corrosion rates of type I and type II hot corrosion versus temperature in a marine environment compared with the Arrhenius oxidation rate versus temperature. LTHC, low-temperature hot corrosion; HTHC, high-temperature hot corrosion. Courtesy of U.S More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
infrastructure where local city budgets allow temporary measures, not replacements. Alternative materials are required for a marine environment, including stainless steels or nonmetallic materials. Corrosion form and mechanism Atmospheric corrosion, corrosion Material Painted cast iron Product More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... adequate building performance. Parking structures are frequently of conventionally reinforced concrete or prestressed/posttensioned construction. Where such structures are in the snow-belt areas of the country or where chlorides may intrude because of the proximity of marine environments...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
. This is an age-related failure, because the railing was old and had deteriorated beyond its service life due to atmospheric corrosion in a marine environment. The preseason maintenance was more focused on aesthetics than safety; many of the joints had failed through accelerated crevice corrosion, but the onus More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... zinc for marine and industrial atmospheres. A Navy study was undertaken in the mid 1980s of flame and arc-sprayed aluminum, zinc, prealloyed zinc-aluminum, and duplex zinc/aluminum coatings in marine atmospheric, splash and spray, and immersion environments. More than 600 coated panels were exposed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... are discovered by accident as a result of farm work or the construction of roads, railroads, or new buildings ( Ref 1 ). In marine environments, metal artifacts are usually associated with historic shipwrecks located in coastal waters and along maritime trade routes ( Ref 2 ). The corrosion processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of the environment Electrical methods of control Selection of corrosion-resistant materials Use of coatings Of the aforementioned, coatings often are chosen by the industry due to the versatility they offer. Historically, coating systems used to protect metallic infrastructure, be it marine- or land...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Several factors contribute to marine-atmospheric corrosion with the local environment being the single most important factor. Therefore, assessing a local environment, which is essential to reduce the gross expenditure, is assisted by modeling of the local environment and by a set...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Pipelines” in this Volume). Figure 1 shows the marine environments that are destructive to shipboard coatings. Similar environments are found on offshore oil production platforms ( Fig. 2 ), lighthouses, docks, and other marine structures. Fig. 1 Environments that are destructive to shipboard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003688
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Source: Ref 4 Within these general environmental-classification types, there can still be substantial differences in the rates of corrosion for a galvanized coating. Table 2 , for example, contains data for the corrosion performance of galvanized product in various marine environments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... ). One way to address this is to characterize atmospheric exposures as occurring in rural, urban, industrial, or marine environments, or a combination of these. These designations reflect the level of chemical pollutants that are typical in the test environment. Table 1 lists typical rates...