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Laminated paper

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Resistance of Some Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Laminates in Chlorine Dioxide Solutions and the Part Played by Water,” Eighth Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry , May 1995 ( Stockholm, Sweden ) 25. DERAKANE News , Vol 2 ( No. 3 ), The Dow Chemical Co. , Nov 1983 , p 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... process was labor intensive, and inconsistency with hand lay- up caused quality problems with the cured laminates. In the mid-1960s, there was a big push for automation by the aircraft industry. Early machines were home-built by aerospace companies and/or job shops under the direction of materials...
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 13 The laminated object manufacturing process. Parts are built from layers of sheet material (usually paper). More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract Knowledge of fatigue behavior at the laminate level is essential for understanding the fatigue life of a laminated composite structure. This article describes fatigue failure of composite laminates in terms of layer cracking, delamination, and fiber break and interface debonding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... hand, are best made by bolting or riveting together simple details that do not have the critical weaknesses due to laminate wrinkling that seems to be inherent in many integrally stiffened co-cured panels ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 3 Internal wrinkling of co-cured composite structures Bolted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... University Sheet Lamination Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM) ( Ref 11 ) uses solid sheets of material, which are sequentially bonded together and cut to form the part ( Fig. 4 ). The thickness of the sheet material, which is normally paper, represents the layer thickness. After each layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The reason for emphasizing the importance of joints in the design of composite structures is that the availability of large computer optimization programs and the highly deficient treatment of residual thermal stresses within the resin in most of the composite laminate theories have combined to create...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... damage for a [−45/0/45/90] 3s T300/934 laminate ( Ref 6 ) is shown in Fig. 5 . (The loading direction and 0° fiber direction are synonymous throughout this paper.) In the left-hand figure, the delaminations within each interface resemble a pair of wedges that begin at a ply crack (transverse shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... composite ship structures are made of thick-section glass-reinforced polyester (GRP) laminate or a sandwich material consisting of GRP face skins covering a balsa or polymer foam core ( Ref 1 ). There are many ways that a composite component can be damaged in service, but in general it is due...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of fiber failures in laminates, because these are at the highest strengths that can be attained and, therefore, are usually the design objective. An exception would be if the design goal is to maximize energy absorption, rather than static strength. The discussion proceeds to situations in which the matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... , and Wang J.T. , “Evaluation of a Progressive Failure Analysis Methodology for Laminated Composite Structures,” AIAA Paper 97-1187, 38th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference , 7–10 April 1997 ( Kissimmee, FL ) 3. Composite Materials , MIL-HDBK-17-3E...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to migrate deep inside honeycomb core sandwich panels. The absorbed moisture can freeze, expand, and delaminate the skin from the core. The combination of low- resin-content aramid fiber sandwich laminates, using aramid paper core, assembled with open- cell foaming adhesives have been problematic. Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... an aramid or fiberglass paper honeycomb, aluminum honeycomb, foam, or balsa wood material. Sandwich structures composed of a solid laminate plus an equivalent core thickness will be seven times the stiffness and almost four times the strength of the monolithic skin alone. However, thin- skinned sandwich...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... micromechanical analysis of properties of fibrous composite materials is the crucial first step in subsequent macromechanical analysis and design of structures manufactured from these materials. See the articles “Micromechanics” and “Macromechanics Analysis of Laminate Properties” in this Volume. Because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of conventional fasteners became apparent. Alloy steel was not compatible, cadmium plating quickly corroded away, reduced shear head fasteners pulled through during installation, and rivets crushed the composite or expanded in the hole and caused delamination of the laminated plies. A new set of requirements had...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Continuous fiber composite materials offer dramatic opportunities for producing lightweight laminates with tremendous performance capabilities. This article describes the kinematics of fabric deformation and explains the algorithms used in draping simulation. It discusses the basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... scratches of a certain length, depth, and orientation, and manufacturing defects, such as an inclusion in the laminate at the most critical location within the laminate. An inclusion could be a liner or paper backing that adheres to a prepreg. The relative criticality of the type of damage depends upon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... recent market growth around the technology for metal induction molding replacement manufacturing for the automotive industry. Sheet Lamination Sheet lamination AM processes involve binding and shaping of sheet feedstock. The earliest sheet lamination processes used continuous roll paper, which...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... materials, there is a need to understand the requirements of the end users regarding repair of these advanced materials. This article focuses on the repair of graphite-epoxy structures designed in a variety of forms for a wide range of load intensities. Five repair concepts developed for generic laminate...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...,” paper presented at the International Conference on Composite Materials , Toronto , 1978 9. Goulding J.R. , Microcracking of PMR-15/Gr Laminates Due to Thermal Cycling , High Temple Workshop V, AFWAL/MLSE, March 1985 10. Adsit N.R. , Some Experiences in Elevated...