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Jominy end-quench method

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article discusses the various methods for evaluating the quench sensitivity of aluminum alloys, namely, time-temperature-property diagrams, the quench factor analysis, the Jominy end-quench method, and continuous-cooling precipitation diagrams. It briefly describes the procedures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... shallow-hardening, low-carbon, plain carbon, and low-alloy medium-carbon steels ranging from classical fracture and etching, Grossmann hardenability, and Jominy end-quench testing to manual and computerized computational methods. The article then uses this as a backdrop for the implementation of the core...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... size at the moment of quenching. This article describes the Jominy end-quench test, the Grossman method, and the air hardenability test to evaluate hardenability. It also reviews the factors that influence steel hardenability and selection. hardenability hardenability limit hardness ideal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... hardenability of the steel. Figure 2 also shows the cooling rate for the designated test positions. Details of the standard test method are contained in ASTM A 255 and SAE J406. Fig. 2 Method for presenting end-quench hardenabililty data The measured hardenability, curve shown in Fig. 2 for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005949
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... discusses the classification of carbon steels for heat treatment. The article also discusses the estimation of continuous cooling curves from isothermal transformation curves. It provides information on the Jominy end-quench test and the Grossmann method and the procedures to increase hardenabilty of carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... SAE J406. Fig. 2 Jominy end-quench apparatus (a) and method for presenting end-quench hardenability data (b) It is often necessary to determine the hardenability of the high-carbon case regions of carburized steels. Such information is important in controlling carburizing and quenching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... quenching conditions used. The Jominy end-quench test is a common hardenability test method that produces repeatable cooling rates along the positions of a Jominy bar ( Fig. 1 ). Therefore, cooling rates within different secton sizes under various quenching conditions can be correlated with Jominy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... strength, Jominy hardenability, and effective case depth. There are also test methods for mass loss in a reducing atmosphere (hydrogen loss) and for acid insoluble matter in iron and copper powders. As mentioned previously, MPIF Standard 09 lists the standard terminology for PM and is identical to ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... discusses reliable data sources as well as experimental and computational methods for material data acquisition. The article provides information on the process data needed for accurate heat treatment simulation and the methods for their determination. Methods for validating heat treatment simulations are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract This article presents the background to the CALculation of PHAse Diagrams (CALPHAD) method, explaining how it works, and how it can be applied in industrial practice. The extension of CALPHAD methods as a core basis for the modeling of generalized material properties is explored. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article describes the principal methods for macroindentation hardness testing by the Brinell, Vickers, and Rockwell methods. For each method, the test types and indenters, scale limitations, testing machines, calibration, indenter selection and geometry, load selection and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005934
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
.... , Zebarjad S.M. , and Nezhad S.M.M. , Prediction of Hardness at Different Points of Jominy Specimen Using Quench Factor Analysis Method , J. Mater. Process. Technol. , Vol 199 , 2008 , p 124 – 129 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.08.035 15. Scheil E. , Initiation Time of the Austenite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract Quenchant agitation can be obtained by circulating quenchant in a quench tank through pumps and impellers. The selection of the agitation method depends on the tank design, type and volume of the quenchant, part design, and the severity of quench required. This article describes flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... hardenability variation for each steel grade is to provide minimum and maximum D I values for each grade of steel, such as those shown in Table 5 . Alternatively, the most common method used to establish the allowable hardenability variation for a range of steels is based on Jominy end-quench curve data...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... in most structural steels and, accordingly, is a decisive feature for resulting hardness after quenching. Because there is a fixed relation between the cooling time t 8/5 and the distance from the quenched end of the Jominy specimen, for each time t 8/5 , the corresponding Jominy distance can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005951
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... case greatly increases its hardenability. Typical increases are shown for carburized versus carbonitrided end-quench specimens in Fig. 6 . In this figure, it is apparent, for example, that to obtain 60 HRC in carburized 8822, a quench cooling rate corresponding to 8 16 in. J is required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005862
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... motion of 3 ft/s Fig. 16 Effect of brine concentration on hardness of end-quench specimens. Numbers indicate 1/16 in. increments from quench end. Note: End-quench specimens were not hardened using the standard Jominy end-quench test; specimens were quenched in still water at 100 °C (210 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract This article commences with a brief introduction on the hardenability of carburized steels, and then reviews the factors used in the selection of carburizing steels and heat treatment methods. The factors include quench medium, stress considerations, case depth, and type of case. The...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... microstructure phase transformations quenching quench-process design residual stress retained austenite steel stress tempering HEAT TREATING—of all the various steel processing methods—has the greatest overall impact on control of microstructure, properties, residual stresses, and dimensional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... graphite, pressed and sintered to densities ranging from 6.0 to 7.1 g/cm 3 (0.217 to 0.256 lb/in. 3 ). These correspond to porosity levels ranging from 9 to 24%. Jominy end-quench tests were performed on PM test specimens and the wrought C1080 steel specimen austenitized at 870°C (1600°F) for 30 min in a...