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Joining-related failures

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0005721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... figure are not included in this glossary. Examples here include weld joint configurations (e.g., tee joints, lap joints, etc.) and related nomenclature and cutting tool geometries (e.g., clearance angles, rake angles, etc.). These terms are defined and illustrated in the Sections “Joining” and “Machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... intensity, equipment, and overall manufacturing costs. Several references detail the related joining processes and weldability of wrought materials ( Ref 1 , 2 ). This article attempts to characterize the physical differences between PM and wrought or cast materials as they apply to joining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.9781627081757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and lifting equipment, pipelines, bridge components, and boilers. Some of the content in this article also overlaps with those articles dealing with failure analysis in general and other related topics. Two broad categories of weld failures exist: the failure of the weld to initially join the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... joints of satisfactory quality and reliability. Brazing employs higher temperatures than soldering, but the fundamental concepts are similar, particularly with respect to metallurgy and surface chemistry ( Table 1 ). However, joint design, materials to be joined, filler metal and flux selection, heating...
Book Chapter

By K. Sampath
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... the selection and application of good design practices based on the understanding of process-related manufacturing aspects such as accessibility, quality, productivity, and overall manufacturing cost. It provides several examples of selected parts and joining processes to illustrate the advantages of a specific...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... with the increased UTS of the constrained interlayers, compared to the UTS of the bulk or unconstrained interlayer metal, is a decreased plastic strain-to-failure, ϵ f , of the interlayer. Early results ( Ref 42 ) found that for brazed-silver interlayers joining elastically deforming base metals with a t / d ratio...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... or conduct a joining process so that components can be produced most efficiently and without defects. This involves selection and application of good design practices based on an understanding of process-related manufacturing aspects such as accessibility, quality, productivity, and overall manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... strain-to-failure, ε f , of the interlayer. Early results ( Ref 42 ) found that for brazed-silver interlayers joining elastically deforming base metals with a t / d ratio of 0.016, the ε f is about 0.01. The results from specimens fabricated using solid-state welding of PM sputter-deposited silver...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... repeated strains induced by cyclic loading without the propagation of failure-producing cracks. Smoothing Contours Adhesives usually do not change the contours of the parts they join. Unlike screws, rivets, or bolts, adhesives give little or no visible external evidence of their presence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... could include a variety of techniques, such as adhesive bonding, brazing or welding, and assembly with mechanical fasteners. Fig. 1 Flow chart for postprocessing of CMCs, with two possible variants related to use of either “billet” stock followed by conventional processing—machining, joining, etc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... also provides high welding speeds and produces very small heat-affected zones (HAZ). Typical joining conditions involve an energy input of 100 W using a wavelength of 10.6 μm. The absorption of laser radiation depends on the relation: (Eq 2) I ( z ) = I 0 exp   ( − α z ) where z...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract Many applications of ceramics and glasses require them to be joined to each other or to other materials such as metals. This article focuses on ceramic joining technologies, including glass-metal sealing, glass-ceramic/metal joining, ceramic-metal joining, ceramic-ceramic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... affect weld quality and must be carefully controlled to prevent porosity, cracks, fissures, undercuts, incomplete fusion, and other weld imperfections. The sources of weld imperfections (or defects) are also discussed in this article, as they relate to service failures or rejection during inspection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the general concepts and practices related to manufacturing and design. It discusses the activities of design and manufacturing by placing it in the context of the business system that they support. The article presents an overview of the manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Diffusion bonding is only one of many solid-state joining processes wherein joining is accomplished without the need for a liquid interface (brazing) or the creation of a cast product via melting and resolidification. This article offers a qualitative summary of the theory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... surface oxides diffusion bonding diffusion-controlled mass transport interface migration microasperity deformation DIFFUSION BONDING is only one of many solid-state joining processes wherein joining is accomplished without the need for a liquid interface (brazing) or the creation of a cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...: inspectability for potential failure, ease of maintenance of areas subject to deterioration, and ease of replacement of obsolete or life-exhausted components. Joining Process The suitability of the materials for the fabrication process to be employed must be considered early in the selection process...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...” in this Volume. Also, previous studies have related the material properties of adhesives to joining performance ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ). Armstrong ( Ref 3 ), who did an extensive study relating adhesive properties to the lap shear performance of joints, expressed the need for standardized materials and more...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... such as fracture toughness or corrosion resistance may never have been specified in a purchase agreement between vendor and buyer. While subsequent failure may have occurred because these properties were deficient in relation to the applied installation and/or service environments, the material was nevertheless...