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Invar

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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 26 Interface between Invar powder plasma and an Invar (Fe-36%Ni) plate onto which it was sprayed revealed using Klemm’s III etchant and viewed using polarized light plus sensitive tint. Magnification: 100× More
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 2 Change in length of a typical Invar over different ranges of temperature More
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 10 Comparison of thermal expansion for Super-Invar (63% Fe, 32% Ni, 5% Co) and Invar (64% Fe, 36% Ni) alloys More
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 2 Change in length of a typical Invar alloy over different ranges of temperature More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and applications of iron-nickel low-expansion alloys (Invar), as well as other special alloys, including iron-nickel-chromium alloys, iron-nickel-cobalt alloys, iron-cobalt-chromium alloys, and high-strength, controlled-expansion alloys. It covers the factors affecting coefficient of thermal expansion of iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... combined with nickel-chromium, nickel-cobalt, or cobalt-chromium alloying. Many of the low-expansion alloys are identified by trade names: Invar, which is a 64%Fe-36%Ni alloy with the lowest thermal expansion coefficient of iron-nickel alloys Kovar, which is a 54%Fe-29%Ni-17%Co alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... expansion or shrinkage factors into the molds through the mandrel construction in the same manner that steel, Invar, or aluminum molds are machined to incorporate these factors. Coefficients of thermal expansion of selected tooling materials Table 2 Coefficients of thermal expansion of selected...
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 3 Thermal expansion of Fe-Ni alloys. Curve 1, 64Fe-31Ni-5Co; curve 2, 64Fe-36Ni (Invar); curve 3, 58Fe-42Ni; curve 4, 53Fe-47Ni; curve 5, 48Fe-52Ni; curve 6, carbon steel (0.25% C) More
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 3 Thermal expansion of iron-nickel alloys. Curve 1, 64Fe-31Ni-5Co; curve 2, 64Fe-36Ni (Invar); curve 3, 58Fe-42Ni; curve 4, 53Fe-47Ni; curve 5, 48Fe-52Ni; curve 6, carbon steel (0.25% C) More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and reuse after adjusting the composition. Clad metals can be designed with a unique coefficient of linear expansion by cladding two or more alloys in a symmetrical configuration. Specific examples are copper-clad Invar (iron-nickel alloy) wire for glass-to-metal seals and copper-clad Invar (Cu/Invar/Cu...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... International Ice 51 0 32 engineeringtoolbox.com Incoloy 800, Fe-Ni-Cr 18.0 20–800 70–1470 Special Metals Corp. Inconel 625, Ni-Cr-Mo-Fe 16.2 21–927 70–1701 Special Metals Corp. Invar 36, Fe-Ni 1.6 25–93 75–199 Carpenter Technology Corporation Invar 32-5, Fe-Ni-Co 0.72 25–93...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 7.0 282 41 10.0 Beryllium Aluminum 210 13.9 179 26 2.1 E-glass fibers Epoxy 0.16–0.26 11–16 16–19 2–3 2.1 Invar Silver 153 6.5 110 16 8.8 Continuous carbon fibers Epoxy 300 −1.1 186 27 1.8 Copper 400 6.5 158 23 7.2 Aluminum 290 6.5 131 19 2.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0005549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... "49", Invar "36", Kovar, Low == identical with Expansion "42", Pyromet, TrimRite, 7- > greater than n ohm Mo PLUS, 18-18 PLUS, 20Cb-3, 20Mo-4, and 20Mo-6 are registered tradenames of ~ much greater than Greek Alphabet Carpenter Technology Corporation. ~ greater than or equal to 00 infinity A,« alpha...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... 0.40% C 20 to 100 11.3 0.56% C 20 to 100 11.0 1.08% C 20 to 100 10.8 1.45% C 20 to 100 10.1 Invar (36% Ni) 20 0.2 13Mn-1.2C 20 18.0 13Cr-0.35C 20 to 100 10.0 12.3Cr-0.4Ni-0.09C 20 to 100 9.8 17.7Cr-9.6Ni-0.06C 20 to 100 16.5 18W-4Cr-1V 0 to 100 11.2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... clearly revealed in bright field. In Figure 25 , the lath martensite core is more vividly revealed in polarized light plus sensitive tint and is more weakly revealed in bright field. Figure 26 shows the microstructure of Invar powder plasma sprayed onto an Invar (Fe-36%Ni) plate tint-etched using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 16.3 9.4 17.3 9.6 Nickel 8.90 418.6 0.10 3726 0.89 72.1 41.7 13.3 7.4 Invar 36 8.11 502.3 0.12 4060.4 0.97 10.47 6.1 1.4 0.8 Invar 42 8.13 502.3 0.12 4102.3 0.98 15.3 8.8 5.2 2.9 Plaster Gypsum-base 1.4–1.6 3516–4186 0.84–1.0 4939–6698 1.18–1.6 1.44...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... 8.23 0.297 T1 tool steel 8.67 0.313 M2 tool steel 8.16 0.295 H41 tool steel 7.88 0.285 20W-4Cr-2V-12Co steel 8.89 0.321 Invar (36% Ni) 8.00 0.289 Hipernik (50% Ni) 8.25 0.298 4% Si 7.6 0.27 10.27% Si 6.97 0.252 Stainless steels and heat-resistant alloys...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Cobalt in Low-Expansion Alloys Low expansion or controlled-expansion alloys are materials whose dimensions do not change appreciably with temperature. Cobalt-containing low expansion alloys include Fe-Ni-Co alloys containing 5 wt% Co (Super-Invar) or 17 wt% Co (Kovar), iron-cobalt-chromium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 8.08 0.292 20W-4Cr-2V-12Co steel … 8.89 0.321 Invar (36% Ni) K93601 8.00 0.289 Hipernik (50% Ni) … 8.25 0.298 4% Si … 7.6 0.27 10.27% Si … 6.97 0.252 Stainless steels and heat-resistant alloys Corrosion-resistant steel castings CA-15 J91150 7.612 0.2750...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... from Invar (a low- expansion iron-nickel alloy), steel, aluminum, and electroplated materials are becoming more popular for production composite cure tools. Metallic tools generally cost more than a composite wet or prepreg lay-up tool, but offer some advantages by eliminating the need for control...