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Hydrogen sulfide

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... treatment plants. These include soil testing, atmospheric testing, and hydrogen sulfide testing. The primary parameters that influence the production of sulfides within the piping system that transports the wastewater to the treatment facility are discussed. The article describes the corrosion performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... and the failure of coiled tubing due to hydrogen sulfide exposure, with examples. References References 1. Wilson A.D. , Ongoing Challenges for Clean Steel Technology , Clean Steel Technology , ASM/TMS, 1992 , p 135 – 143 2. Wilson A.D. , Influence of Inclusions on the Fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and nonferrous alloys used in petroleum refining and petrochemical applications. The article reviews the mechanical properties, fabricability, and corrosion resistance of refinery steels. It describes low- and high-temperature corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and cracking such as stress-corrosion, sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization and metal dusting, sulfidation, hot corrosion, chloridation, hydrogen interactions, molten metals, molten salts, and aging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... describes the various forms of high-temperature gaseous corrosion, namely, high-temperature oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, corrosion by hydrogen, and hot corrosion. oxidizing gas corrosion liquid electrolyte high-temperature gaseous corrosion high-temperature oxidation sulfidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003700
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Report by Task Group T-8-12,” Paper 96, presented at Corrosion/83 , NACE International, 1983 • “Petroleum Refining Corrosion,” www.hghouston.com/refining.html#top , October 2000 • Schutt H.U. and Rhodes P.R. , “Corrosion in the Aqueous Hydrogen Sulfide, Ammonia, Oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... resulting from hydrogen damage. The interior surface displays gouging adjacent to failure lip. Courtesy of Electric Power Research Institute Fig. 9 (a) Short-term and (b) long-term overheating of boiler tubes. Long-term overheating usually is caused by creep as the microstructure of the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., microstructure, hydrogen embrittlement, sulfide stress-corrosion failure, stress-corrosion cracking, and hitch post shaft failure of these steels. The components considered in the article include tail-rotor drive-pinion shafts, pinion gears, outboard-motor crankshafts, bull gears, diesel engine bearing cap bolts...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... grain-boundary fissures that are radially aligned. Fig. 8 Stepwise cracking of a low-strength pipeline steel exposed to hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S). 6× Fig. 7 Hydrogen-induced blistering in a 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick carbon steel plate (ASTM A 285, grade C) that had been in service one...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in a refinery vessel. Original magnification: 1.5× Fig. 8 Stepwise cracking of a low-strength pipeline steel exposed to hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S). Original magnification: 6× Fig. 10 Severely hydrided unalloyed titanium Fig. 9 Section of ASTM A106 carbon steel pipe with wall severely...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as shown in Fig. 1 . 6× Fig. 4 Failed aluminum brass condenser tube from a saltwater heat exchanger. The tube failed from pitting caused by hydrogen sulfide and chlorides in the feedwater. (a) Cross section of tube showing deep pits and excessive metal wastage. 2 3 4 ×. (b) Higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... cold 2. Silver nitrate White precipitate of silver bromate that is soluble in dilute ammonia 3. Sodium nitrite Brown color develops after addition and subsequent acidification with dilure nitric acid. Note: Bromates are reduced to bromides by sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, or sodium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... of nickel and nickel aluminide in deaerated sulfuric acid. SCE, saturated calomel electrode Fig. 24 Potential transients during and following the generation of fresh bare surface by scratching of nickel, aluminum, and nickel aluminide in 0.5 mol/L NaCl, with the hydrogen evolution potential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 0.89 35 Phosphorus deoxidized copper C12200 0.36 14 2.7 105 CDA, Copper Development Association. (a) Contained 3 ppm hydrogen sulfide. Source: Ref 9 Effect of hydrogen sulfide in seawater on corrosion of copper condenser tube alloys Table 8 Effect of hydrogen sulfide...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Effect of Dissolved Gases Effect of pH Effect of Dissolved Salts Corrosion in Potable Water Systems Corrosion in Natural Waters Effect of Composition Corrosion in Selected Environments Differential Aeration Dissolved Salts Oxygen Carbon Dioxide Hydrogen Sulfide Effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., such as hydrochloric acid or ammonium chloride. General thinning indicates the activity of hydrogen sulfide on the coupon. However, where a cooling medium is present on the other side of the metal surface, the skin temperature of the tube is lower than the temperature of the surrounding hydrocarbon. The cool tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... sulfate-reducing bacteria according to electrode potential (corrected to pH 7) Category Potential, mV (SHE) Noncorrosive >400 Slight 400–200 Moderate 200–100 Severe <100 SHE, standard hydrogen electrode Fig. 2 Schematic diagram showing the corrosion layers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Cr-1Mo steel. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 31 Effect of temperature and hydrogen sulfide content on high-temperature H 2 S/H 2 corrosion of (a) carbon steel, (b) 5Cr-0.5Mo steel, and (c) 9Cr-1Mo steel. These corrosion rates are based on the use of gas oil desulfurizers; corrosion rates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 2 Gluconic, all concentrations Boiling <0.05 2 Glycerophosphoric, to 50% Boiling <0.05 2 Hydrogen selenide Room Attacked Hydrogen sulfide Room Attacked Hydrobromic, below 14% Room <0.05 2 Hydrochloric, %  5 (limited aeration) 100 212 0.035 1.4  5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... normally include carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S), polysulfides, organic acids, and elemental sulfur. In certain circumstances, natural gas reservoirs may also contain elemental mercury as an additional impurity with the result being additional concerns from the standpoint of corrosion...