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Hydrogen damage and embrittlement

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the classification of hydrogen damage. Some specific types of the damage are hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, cracking from precipitation of internal hydrogen, hydrogen attack, and cracking from hydride formation. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of hydrogen damage in all the major commercial alloy systems. It covers the broader topic of hydrogen damage, which can be quite complex and technical in nature. The article focuses on failure analysis where hydrogen embrittlement of a steel component is suspected. It provides practical advice for the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... form of embrittlement and influences the behavior and properties of nearly all ferrous alloys and many metals. The article explains why hydrogen embrittlement is so widespread and reviews the many types of damage it can cause. It also explores other forms of embrittlement, including metal-induced...
Book Chapter

By Bruce Craig
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the classical features of embrittlement (that is, reduced load-carrying capability or fracture below the yield strength). This section classifies the various forms of hydrogen damage, summarizes the various theories that seek to explain hydrogen damage, and reviews hydrogen degradation in specific ferrous...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... range of failures, including fatigue failure, distortion failure, wear failure, corrosion failure, stress-corrosion cracking, liquid-metal embrittlement, hydrogen-damage failure, corrosion-fatigue failure, and elevated-temperature failure. This article describes the classification of fractures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... with a predictable growth rate or, as is often the case, unpredictable catastrophic fracture. The subsection is divided into four articles (after this brief introduction). Each addresses a specific type of cracking or embrittlement phenomena: stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), hydrogen damage (frequently referred...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... candy fracture, cleavage fracture, brittle fracture, high-cycle fatigue fracture, fatigue striations, hydrogen-embrittlement failure, creep crack propagation, fatigue crack nucleation, intergranular creep fracture, torsional overload fracture, stress-corrosion cracking, and grain-boundary damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Practical implications of hydrogen embrittlement are discussed in the article “Hydrogen Damage and Embrittlement” in ASM Handbook, Volume 11 (2002), Failure Analysis and Prevention. Toward a Definition <xref rid="a0003667-ref1" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 1)</xref> Much confusion exists...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... embrittlement is a form of hydrogen-induced damage that is typically associated with delayed, brittle fracture. Other forms of hydrogen damage, such as steam embrittlement in copper alloys and hydrogen blistering, are less common in medical device materials/applications and are not discussed here. Medical...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 4 (a) Ruptured 305 mm (12 in.) carbon steel pipe, inadvertently installed in a 1.25Cr-0.5Mo circuit, that was severely damaged by hydrogen embrittlement. On-stream failure caused extensive fire damage. (b) Outside-diameter surface of the failed pipe. Hydrogen attack had progressed through More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2(a) Ruptured 305-mm (12-in.) carbon steel pipe, inadvertently installed in a 1.25Cr-0.5Mo circuit, that was severely damaged by hydrogen embrittlement. On-stream failure caused extensive fire damage. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is very complex. No engineering component is immune from changes in material properties from mechanical strain, gross damage, and change in material microstructure or embrittlement. Complex engineering failures also can result from simultaneous multiple alterations. Fracture Modes and Mechanisms...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to the ductile or brittle fracture of a material when stresses exceed the load-bearing capacity of the material from either excessive applied stress or degradation of the load-bearing capacity of the material from damage, embrittlement, or other factors. However, the definition of overload failure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... temperatures, but above −100 °C (−150 °F) hydrogen may severely embrittle titanium. The potential for embrittlement is enhanced where hydrogen flow rates are high or where coatings on the titanium become damaged. In unalloyed titanium and many titanium alloys, weld zones are just as resistant to corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... catalyzed resin coatings exfoliation aluminum-copper alloys erosion corrosion cavitation fretting economic design corrosion control stress-corrosion cracking hydrogen damage MATERIALS SELECTION AND DESIGN are of equal importance in achieving the desired performance and life expectancy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... 2.25Cr-1.0Mo Steel The 2.25Cr-1.0Mo steel has better oxidation resistance and creep strength than the steels mentioned above. The 2.25Cr-1Mo steel is a highly favored alloy for service up to 650 °C (1200 °F) without the presence of hydrogen or 480 °C (900 °F) in a hydrogen environment. This steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that may occur and act synergistically, in some cases. Hydrogen also produces various forms of damage, such as nucleation and growth of grain-boundary bubbles at inclusions and precipitates. The appearance of hydrogen embrittlement fractures is influenced by the strength of the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Hydrogen also produces various forms of damage, such as nucleation and growth of grain-boundary bubbles at inclusions and precipitates. The appearance of hydrogen embrittlement fractures is influenced by the strength of the material. As the strength level increases, the fracture path becomes more IG...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...-type spring, railroad rail, and seamless drill pipe. driveshaft fatigue crack propagation fatigue fracture fractograph grain boundaries high-carbon steel hydrogen embrittlement microstructure springs Fig. 245 Surface of a fatigue fracture that occurred, after 732 h of service...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Decohesion (HEDE) Hydrogen-enhanced decohesion (HEDE) is based on brittle fracture associated with “embrittlement.” The HEDE model has allowed considerable progress to be achieved particularly regarding fracture criteria, including subcritical crack growth, threshold values, damage dependency...