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Girth welds coating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... discusses the application procedures for internal and external FBE pipe coating. The procedures involve pipe inspection, surface preparation, heating, powder application, curing, cooling, coating inspection, and repairing. It describes the problems and solutions for FBE external pipe coatings, girth weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... elsewhere in this Volume. Additional information on the inspection of pipe and pipelines, including the examination of field-welded girth welds, is available in the article “Nondestructive Evaluation of Solid-State Welds,” in this Volume. The selection of inspection methods depends on the information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... variety of workpiece shapes. Girth welds can be made in round, square, or rectangular parts by using electrode wheels of suitable diameter. Longitudinal welds can also be made. The formation of a projection weld nugget, which depends on the design of the projection, the selection of welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... the tooling from the weldment to better facilitate a common electrical ground path. Avoid the use of nonmetallics (ceramics, plastics, etc.) in tooling, and provide sufficient lateral pressure to minimize gapping during welding. When making girth welds on light-gage material, spring loading may be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 1984 , p 52 – 55 17. “Standard Specification for Substitute Ocean Water,” D 1141, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , American Society for Testing and Materials 18. Perteneder E. , Tosch J. , and Rabensteiner G. , “New Welding Filler Metals for the Welding of Girth Welds on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Coatings , Surf. Coat. Technol. , Vol 200 , 2006 , p 2663 – 2671 78. Du Toit M. and Pistorious P.C. , Nitrogen Control during Arc Welding of Stainless Steel—Part 1: Experimental Observations , Weld. J. , Vol 82 , 2003 , p 219s – 224s 79. Du Toit M. and Pistorious...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract This article provides an overview of integrated weld modeling and discusses the fundamentals of the underlying physics and methodologies involved in process modeling. It presents approaches for microstructure modeling that help to predict phase fractions as well as grain size in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coating systems that cannot be applied in the field. Each girth weld must be coated because the welds are made on areas that are bare steel. When pipe is coated at the mill, areas at the ends of each section are left intentionally clear of coating. The size of the area...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... 10.1016/0025-5416(79)90083-1 16. Linert G.E. , Welding Metallurgy , AWS 17. Shackleton D.N. , Welding HY-100 and HY-130 Steels , The Welding Institute , 1973 18. Taira T. et al. , “Sulfide Corrosion Cracking of Girth-Welded Joint of Line Pipe for Sour Gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Criteria for Pipeline Girth Weld Quality , Bull. 296, Welding Research Council , July 1984 2. “Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,” Section II, American Society of Mechanical Engineers 3. Steels for Hydrogen Service at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in Petroleum Refineries and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... for Residual Stresses and Deflection in Girth-Butt Welded Pipes , J. Pressure Vessel Technol. (Trans. ASME) , Vol 100 , 1978 , p 256 – 262 10.1115/1.3454464 14. Dexter P.O. and Pont D. , “Evaluation of Available Welding Simulation Software,” prepared for EPRI under Research...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-Element Model for Residual Stresses and Deflection in Girth-Butt Welded Pipes , J. Pressure Vessel Technol. (Trans. ASME) , Vol 100 , 1978 , p 256 – 262 10.1115/1.3454464 9. Dexter P.O. and Pont D. , “Evaluation of Available Welding Simulation Software,” prepared for EPRI under...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... examination showed that the manhole end of the vessel had ruptured around approximately 270° of the circumference of the head-to-shell girth weld before continuing to complete separation in the head material. Visual examination indicated an extensive lack of weld penetration in this girth weld. Both sides of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... article discusses metallurgical instabilities of steel-based alloys and nickel-base superalloys. It provides information on several life assessment methods, namely, the life fraction rule, parameter-based assessments, the thermal-mechanical fatigue, coating evaluations, hardness testing, microstructural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... lines on the two sides of a joint are not parallel with each other (for example, if they are parallel with the bead on one side and perpendicular to the bead on the other) the best procedure is to run the polishing cut lines along (not across) the bead. The girth weld between a tank shell and head...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... proper material selection, protective coatings, cathodic protection systems, use of inhibitors, use of nonmetallic materials, and control of the environment. The article reviews the aspects of corrosion that tend to be unique to corrosion as encountered in applications involving oil and gas exploration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stopped at the girth weld. Figure 23 shows Charpy V-notch impact curves from 19 random samples taken from pipe lengths through which the fracture propagated. The fracture appearance of the Charpy specimens at the failure temperature ranged from approximately 10 to 40% shear. Figure 24 shows the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... Rybicki E.F. , McGuire P.A. , Merrick E. , and Wert J. , The Effect of Pipe Thickness on Residual Stresses due to Girth Welds , J. Pressure Vessel Technol. (Trans. ASME) , Vol 104 , 1982 , p 204 – 209 10.1115/1.3264205 52. Chandra U. , Determination of Residual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... pipe had been girth welded with 5356 filler metal using backing strips, and the leak occurred through one of these welds behind the backing strip. It was concluded that solid mercury had condensed out on the pipe walls during cryogenic operation. Then, when the plant was occasionally brought up to...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the cryogenic unit, and a leak was found in a vertical nominal pipe size (NPS) 10, Schedule 80, 6061 aluminum alloy pipe. This pipe was the first one that the gas passed through, which operated at a temperature below the melting point of mercury. The pipe had been girth welded with 5356 filler metal...