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Gas pipelines

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., or terminals. In the United States, there were approximately 217,000 km (135,000 mi) of hazardous liquid transmission pipelines, 34,000 km (21,000 mi) of crude oil gathering pipelines, 483,000 km (300,000 mi) of natural gas transmission pipelines, and 45,000 km (28,000 mi) of natural gas gathering pipelines...
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 12 Gas pipeline compressor station More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 17 Fault tree for natural gas pipeline outage due to general corrosion. C.P., cathodic protection More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 1 Measurement of residual stresses on a gas pipeline in the field using a portable x-ray diffraction instrument. (Courtesy of Proto Manufacturing) More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... corrosion corrosivity electrochemical corrosion INTERNAL CORROSION IN PIPELINES is a significant problem in oil and gas transmission systems. Oil or mixed-phase transmission systems, due to the presence of an inhibiting oil phase, typically tend to be less corrosive than corresponding natural gas...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 36 Example of colony of stress-corrosion cracks on external surface of high-pressure gas transmission pipeline. See the article “External Corrosion of Oil and Natural Gas Pipelines” in this Volume. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... presented. degradation mechanisms failure analysis hydrogen cracking pipeline flaws steel transmission pipelines HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, such as liquid petroleum products and natural gas, are typically transported via truck, rail, sea, and/or pipeline. Of these different transportation modes...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 13 Comparison between general corrosion and localized (pitting) corrosion data recorded from a dehydrated gas pipeline environment. Source: Ref 59 More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 14 Corrosion rate during inhibitor injection on/off cycle in a sour gas pipeline. Note: Measured corrosion rate with default B value and measured B value from harmonic distortion analysis. Source: Ref 60 More
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Published: 01 January 2006
of electrochemical data from a partially dehydrated CO 2 gas pipeline liquid phase water/glycol and condensing vapor phase in system. Corrosion rates are given in mils per year (mpy). Source: Ref 100 More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... will be described. Characteristics of High-Pressure Long-Distance Pipelines Three general types of pipelines exist: gathering lines, transmission lines, and distribution lines. Gas or crude oil gathering lines exist between a well and a treatment plant or collection point. These are usually relatively small...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of Transportation, Gas Pipeline Integrity Rules, a pipeline operator must assess, analyze, and prove the conditions that allow ECDA. The pipeline integrity rule requires pipeline operators to develop an integrity management program for gas transmission pipelines located where a leak or rupture could do the most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... United States. Oil and gas pipelines that originated in the Texas oil fields and refineries fulfilled a large portion of the energy demand. Their reliability depended on the effectiveness of corrosion-control measures. As the pipeline industry matured, so did the technology of protective coatings. One...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... be thousands of kilometers long. For the most part, the systems are buried in walls, under streets, under ground, or underwater. Stress-corrosion cracking of a high-pressure gas pipeline led to its rupture ( Fig. 36 ). The corrosion on the inside of a petroleum pipeline is given the descriptive name mesa...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Guided wave testing (GWT) is a method of nondestructive evaluation for the inspection of pipelines. This article focuses mainly on explaining GWT as it is applied in routine established use, covered by standards, in the oil and gas industry and also introduces some of the other...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., as another method of magnetic testing. Applications Flaw Detection Perhaps the most prevalent use of the flux leakage method is widely used to inspect ferromagnetic tubular products, such as gas pipelines, down hole casing, and a variety of other forms of steel piping. The technique is highly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... information on approximately 80 commercial alloys, 4900 corrosion data measurements, and over six million exposure hours. Data compilation in this interactive model has been organized to allow prediction of sound metal thickness losses by several corrosion mechanisms at high temperatures as functions of gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...) or tunnel ovens, where natural gas supplies the energy. Tunnel ovens use both direct-flame impingement and radiation to heat the pipe. Temperature measurement typically uses thermocouples, melt crayons, or infrared/optical pyrometers, or a combination of the three. Infrared guns use radiated energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... a gathering system of pipelines to processing facilities. The most unique and hostile environments are commonly found in actual production formations (i.e., downhole oil and gas reservoirs), which, in the absence of contamination, are devoid of oxygen. In situ corrosives normally include carbon dioxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... categories for 1998 U.S. cost of corrosion study Table 3 Industry sectors and sector categories for 1998 U.S. cost of corrosion study Sector categories Sectors Infrastructure Highway bridges Gas and liquid transmission pipelines Waterways and ports Hazardous materials storage Airports...