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Foundry practice

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... alloy steels carbon steels cast iron microstructures compacted graphite iron ductile iron ferrous alloys foundry practice gray iron high-alloy white iron malleable iron solidification General Considerations for Cast Irons CAST IRON usually refers to an in situ composite of stable...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... product compositions. As is the case with wrought alloys, Ti-6Al-4V is also the most popular casting alloy. More detailed information on titanium castings can be found in the Section “Titanium and Titanium Alloys” in this Handbook. Melting and Casting Practice Melting Foundries generally use...
Image
Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 6 Stack melter employed in foundry practice. Courtesy of Striko-Dynarad Corporation More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the production stages of iron foundry casting, with particular emphasis on the melting practices, molten metal treatment, and feeding of molten metal into sand molds. It discusses the molten metal treatments for high-silicon gray, high-nickel ductile, and malleable...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article describes typical foundry practices used to commercially produce zirconium castings. The foundry practices are divided into two sections, namely, melting and casting. The article discusses various melting processes, such as vacuum arc skull melting, induction skull melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Foundry practices critical to the production of cast irons include melting, alloying, molten metal treatment, pouring, and the design of feeding systems (gating and risering) to allow proper filling of the casting mold. This article reviews these production stages of iron foundry...
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 15 Corrosion of aluminum anodes. (a) Uneven corrosion of aluminum anode, the result in part of improper foundry practice leading to segregation of alloying elements. (b) Uniform corrosion of aluminum anode as the result of proper foundry practice. Courtesy of Jack Smart, John S. Smart More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... explains how modification changes porosity formation in a casting. It describes the mechanisms responsible for silicon modification, as well as the modifications and changes in eutectic nucleation and the eutectic grain structure. The article reviews the usage of strontium in foundry practices. The growth...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of aluminum and titanium on the structure and properties of nickel-base alloys. The article provides information on the melting, foundry, and pouring practices for nickel-base alloys. It explains the welding and heat treatment of the nickel-base casting alloys. The article concludes with an overview...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the use of argon. Through effective use of argon melt protection combined with good foundry practice, the oxygen increase from ingot to casting can be 20 ppm or less. With appropriate foundry practices, cobalt alloys can be cast in air to be very clean. Oxygen contents of 100 ppm or less in AOD...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... It reviews the classification of solid fluxes depending on their use and function at the foundry operation. These include cover fluxes, drossing fluxes, cleaning fluxes, and furnace wall cleaner fluxes. The article also examines the operational practices and applications of the flux injection...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Alloys Foundry practice for nickel-base alloys is, for the most part, similar to that used for cast stainless steels. Requirements for alloy cleanliness involve increased use of the ladle as a refining vessel, similar to steel (see the article “Steel Melt Processing” in this Volume). Melting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... practices differ from that of smaller foundry furnaces, and most primary steelmaking EAF operations have adopted separate practices since the 1980s. For example, methods of improving the efficiency of arc melting furnaces in the primary steel industry are not directly transferable to the smaller furnaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...., Weatherly, PA; Texaloy Foundry, Floresville, TX; GIW Industries, Inc., Grovetown, GA; National Research Council, Albany, OR; Climax Research Services, Farmington Hills, MI; and Predictive Engineering, Inc., Corvallis, OR. In foundry practice, fluidity has no simple, clean definition. Over the years...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... furnace by 40 to 50% ( Ref 2 ). A typical example of a shaft melter furnace in a foundry is shown in Fig. 6 . Fig. 6 Stack melter employed in foundry practice. Courtesy of Striko-Dynarad Corporation One of the central advantages of the stack melter is the physical separation of the charging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006584
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... shrinkage tendency are poor. Alloy 520.0 is highly microporous and has a high sand reaction ( Ref 1 ). To get completely sound castings, metal casters must use the best foundry practices. Generous risers are required for maximum soundness and best properties. For alloying, add magnesium as pure metal...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... characteristics, melting practices, melt treatment, and feeding of the molten steel into the mold used in steel foundries. It discusses the features of melting furnaces used in direct arc melting and induction melting. It reviews factors such as wall thickness and designing for avoidance of hot spots. The article...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... on foundry alloys for specific casting applications. The article concludes with a discussion on the heat treatment practices and properties of aluminum casting alloys. chemical composition solidification aluminum cast alloys stoichiometry of intermetallic phases aluminum-silicon alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... is not sensitive to composition variations normally experienced in good foundry practice, with the exception of silicon. It is of utmost importance that silicon pickup from other aluminum alloys be avoided. Clean crucibles, skimmers. etc., should be used. Pattern shrinkage is 3–4 mm (0.125–0.16 in.). Heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... ), 1996 , p 42, 44, 49–51 4. Dötsch E. , Optimierte Flüssigeisenversorgung durch Induktions-Tandemanlagen und automatische Gießeinrichtungen , Gießerei Praxis (Foundry Practice) , No. 2 , 2000 , p 79 – 84 and Hommes et Fonderie (Men and Foundry ), No. 301 , 2000 , p 29 – 34 5...