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Fasteners, Materials substitution

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coatings on steel substrate components. The options presented range from simply substituting common zinc plating to employing solid, inherently corrosion-resistant materials (e.g., nickel alloys or stainless steel) to replace plated components. Implementing a major design change (e.g., replacing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract This article serves as a basic information source for those interested in accomplishing one-sided, no-hole attachment of metal fasteners. The stud arc-welding process is a substitute for fastening procedures such as drilling and tapping, bolting, and self-tapping screws. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of composite materials. It is discussed as being applicable to solid laminates as well as sandwich construction laminates. The methodology provided herein is generally applicable to composites designed with standard composite practice employed, such as material buildup for mechanical fastening, adequate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... All testing and analysis efforts must begin with an understanding of the behavior of individual fasteners. A proper overview recognizes the complex interaction of the materials properties of the fastener, clamped components, and internally threaded components, as well as the influence of coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... designing a fastener system, unfavorable area ratios must always be avoided when using dissimilar metal combinations. Active alloys must not be used as small-area components in large surface area cathode materials, such as aluminum bolts, fasteners, and hinges in steel or titanium. Small area anodes would...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... as a basic information source for those interested in accomplishing one-sided, no-hole attachment of metal fasteners. The SW process represents an alternative to other welding processes, and is also a substitute for other fastening procedures, such as drilling and tapping, bolting, and self-tapping screws...
Book Chapter

By K. Sampath
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., and soldering processes are used to provide permanent joints. Mechanical fastening and adhesive bonding usually do not cause metallurgical reactions. Consequently, these methods are preferred when joining dissimilar combinations of materials, and for joining metal-matrix, ceramic-matrix, and polymer-matrix...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fastening and adhesive bonding usually do not cause metallurgical reactions. Consequently, these methods are preferred when joining dissimilar combinations of materials (e.g., metals joined to plastics), or for joining metal-matrix composites and polymer-matrix composites that are sensitive to metallurgical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to illustrate the differences in deformation behavior between two different materials. Practically, one would not substitute stainless steel for low-carbon steel to increase load capacity. One would use a heavier section or perhaps a higher-strength alloy. When loads increase gradually, distortion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to illustrate the differences in deformation behavior between two different materials. As a practical matter, one would not substitute stainless steel for low-carbon steel to increase load capacity. One would use a heavier section, or perhaps, a higher-strength alloy. When loads increase gradually...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., machining, descaling, cutting to length, and lubricating. It lists the advantages of the cold heading over machining. Materials selection criteria for dies and punches in cold heading are also described. The article provides examples that demonstrate tolerance capabilities and show dimensional variations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... selections shown are for machined dies. The same material would be used for the punch, except that O1 should be substituted for W1 in applications in which W1 might crack during heat treating The punch material can be the same as the die material, except that O1 should be substituted for W1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., both in terms of process variations (such as fastening, adhesive bonding, soldering, brazing, arc welding, diffusion bonding, and resistance welding) and in the disciplines needed for problem solving (such as mechanics, materials science, physics, chemistry, and electronics). An engineer with unusually...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... manner in which material is added and processed repeatedly. This layer-by-layer process has important implications on part characteristics as well as on design opportunities and on manufacturing practices, supply chains, and even business models. This article introduces these implications and describes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metal. layers can be built up, as in OFW. The process source of thermal energy, precisely controllable is often used as a low-temperature substitute for in intensity and position. For welding, the laser In both methods, the stud, or fastener, serves OFW. Braze welding resembles brazing in that beam must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract Aluminum wrought products, castings, welds, and fasteners are used in many structural applications where they are required to safely support a load. It is useful to design aluminum structural components with its structural properties in mind from conceptualization rather than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... sparingly, to minimize material and machining costs. The feasibility of eliminating draft depends, in part, on the cost of special tools and processing. Types of Draft Basic types of draft used in forging design are illustrated schematically in Fig. 1 and are defined in the following paragraphs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... with the material. However, such confidence may be misplaced. For example, there have been a number of accounts in which alloys have been substituted, resulting in premature failure. In one case, this occurred when Hastelloy B (UNS N10001) valves were substituted for the Hastelloy C-276 (UNS N10276) valves...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.9781627082105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... requirements of the material are compatible with the inspection method. In many applications, however, the sensitivity of the method to the many properties and characteristics inherent within a material can be a disadvantage; some variables in a material that are not important in terms of material or part...