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Concrete construction

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Portland cement concrete has low environmental impact, versatility, durability, and economy, which make it the most abundant construction material in the world. This article details the types and causes of concrete degradation. Concrete can be degraded by corrosion of reinforcing steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings in these municipal water systems. The most commonplace corrosion-damage mechanisms are highlighted. The article describes the most common materials of construction found in municipal water systems, namely, cast iron, ductile iron, carbon steel, precast concrete cylinder pipe and reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and Cracking Issues As noted previously, concrete slab design typically includes many joints: expansion joints, isolation joints, control joints, and construction joints. In addition, most slabs display cracks, mostly shrinkage cracks from inadequate slab design or improper installation or cure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... concrete, 108,000 of prestressed concrete, and the balance constructed with other materials. These roads and highways range from quite primitive pavements with earth, gravel, or stone covered by a thin bituminous surface course to a continually reinforced portland cement concrete (PCC) roadway...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... THIS ARTICLE PROVIDES A BASIC OVERVIEW of bridge corrosion, where it occurs on steel and concrete bridge structures, and how to prevent corrosion by using coatings. While there are bridges constructed of wood, aluminum, and other materials, the vast majority of bridges are constructed of steel or concrete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Inorganic chemical-setting ceramic linings are one of the most widely used construction materials in designing the protective linings for industrial installations. Monolithic linings can be applied by cast or gunite (shotcreting) methods over steel or concrete as well as brick...
Book Chapter

By Allan B. Dove
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... in the article under their quality descriptions or commodity names. These include low-carbon steel wire for general usage, wire for structural applications, wire for packaging and container applications, wire for prestressed concrete, wire for electrical or conductor applications, rope wire, mechanical spring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in tension in the direction of the fiber with the dominant characteristics of conventional materials, such as compression in concrete, show great potential for development of new advances in the design and construction of civil infrastructure systems. The concept of using composite tubes as both the formwork...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the condition of the existing structure, the properties and characteristics of the composite materials, the interaction between the FRP and concrete, and construction methodology. The terms rehabilitation, repair, and strengthening are defined as follows: Rehabilitation: the process of repairing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... adequate building performance. Parking structures are frequently of conventionally reinforced concrete or prestressed/posttensioned construction. Where such structures are in the snow-belt areas of the country or where chlorides may intrude because of the proximity of marine environments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... to as gravity sewers. Storage facilities can include large concrete tanks or tunnels built through rock or soils lined with concrete. Storage facilities are commonly constructed to store combined sewer water consisting of both sanitary sewerage and storm sewer water. In older collection systems, it was common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... framework of structural columns, roof girders, and roof joists overlaid with roof decking. Metal substrates include standing seam awnings and galvanized members. A number of wall types are used, including metal panels, tilt-up concrete panels, precast panels, or single-wythe concrete masonry units (CMUs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the piping system that transports the wastewater to the treatment facility are discussed. The article describes the corrosion performance of various materials in the soil, fluid, and atmospheric exposures. These include concrete, steel, ductile iron, aluminum, copper, brass, stainless steel, and coatings...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and advanced manufacturing techniques are often used where these materials are employed. This article examines several traditional ceramics, including structural clay, whiteware, glazes, enamels, portland cements, and concrete. It also provides a detailed account of fabrication methods, properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of the primary construction materials in the nuclear plant is concrete. Concrete has favorable economics and structural integrity as a construction material and also acts as an effective radiation shield. However, concrete surfaces are not without inherent problems. Concrete is porous and must be coated to avoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and placing of concrete. Fig. 4 Embedded track slab construction, rail with insulating boot held by gage bar and surrounded by the slab reinforcing steel. Figure 5 shows an insulated embedded rail constructed with a potting compound that is now degraded from environmental and mechanical damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article discusses the methods of pulp production, pulp processing, pulp bleaching, and paper manufacturing. It describes various types of digesters, their construction materials, the corrosion problems encountered, and methods to protect these digesters from corrosion. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... rail was inserted into a hole in the concrete and then soldered in place using a lead-base low-melting-point alloy. Removal of the lead alloy would create a major hazardous waste disposal problem. Current guidelines for dealing with lead in construction such as that shown in Fig. 3 allow the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... plates during annual NBIS inspections and during several load-capacity calculations over the life of the bridge. On the afternoon of the collapse, an estimated 323,000 kg (712,000 lb) of construction equipment and construction aggregates (cement, water, sand, and gravel for making concrete) were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the composite repair scheme as applied to metal structures, such as that found on aging aircraft. Civil infrastructure issues with respect to repairing concrete and steel-based constructions are covered in the article “Rehabilitation of Reinforced Concrete Structures Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites...