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Clamps, Materials Substitution

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... that can propagate in an elastic bar is limited by the yield stress of the material, τ Y , which is related to the torque by: (Eq 2) T = τ Y J r where r is the radius of the bar. Substituting T from Eq 2 , and c = G ρ , where G is the shear modulus, in Eq 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...—accessories; vascular clamps; catheters; vascular strippers Ceramics and glasses used in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices Table 2 Ceramics and glasses used in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices Material name and designation Standards Alternate names...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to illustrate the differences in deformation behavior between two different materials. Practically, one would not substitute stainless steel for low-carbon steel to increase load capacity. One would use a heavier section or perhaps a higher-strength alloy. When loads increase gradually, distortion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to illustrate the differences in deformation behavior between two different materials. As a practical matter, one would not substitute stainless steel for low-carbon steel to increase load capacity. One would use a heavier section, or perhaps, a higher-strength alloy. When loads increase gradually...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... is clamped in a fixture, and a portable welding head is moved over the seam. This type of machine is used for workpieces that are too bulky to be handled by regular machines. Electrodes Electrode wheels made of Resistance Welder Manufacturers Association (RWMA) class 1 material were once used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to the material before it enters the die. This is accomplished by radio-frequency preheating, induction heating, or conventional conductive heating. Such heating devices are available as either integral units or stand-alone devices, which can be positioned before the die entrance. Clamping/Pulling Provisions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... systems. They are also used in elevated walkways and on steps where the supports are structural profiles, such as I-beams, channels, angles, and tubular shapes, that are often made to the same dimensions as steel or aluminum supports for ease of substitution of traditional materials. Cable trays of steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... steels Stainless steels Hardened and high-alloy steels Nickel-base superalloys Titanium alloys When possible, materials from classes higher on this list should be substituted for those lower on the list, if machinability is a primary consideration. Machinability generally decreases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... All testing and analysis efforts must begin with an understanding of the behavior of individual fasteners. A proper overview recognizes the complex interaction of the materials properties of the fastener, clamped components, and internally threaded components, as well as the influence of coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... by a stop plug and the tube is bent around a fixed bending form. Compression bending requires much less clamping area than for draw bending because the work material is pressed against the stationary form by the pressure tool. The various types of pressure tools include: a static wiper shoe, and follower...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... welding (RSEW), and projection welding (PW). This article addresses the considerations for using these processes to join specific types of materials. It discusses the process variations, applicability, advantages, and limitations of these resistance welding processes. The article provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... electrode. The upper electrode is free-wheeling, but it may be equipped with an idling knurl or conditioner wheel for dressing. Sometimes it is necessary to use a high-slip drive to assist on thin materials, to prevent wrinkling. In some machines, the workpiece is clamped to a bar-type lower electrode...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-wheeling, but it may be equipped with an idling knurl for dressing. Sometimes it is necessary to use a high-slip drive to assist on thin materials, to prevent wrinkling. In some machines, the workpiece is clamped to a bar-type lower electrode and moved under an idling fixed-position upper electrode wheel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... the hardness of the clamp material with the hardness of the specimen. Each clamp is approximately 13 mm (0.5 in.) wide and 25 to 50 mm (1 to 2 in.) long, with holes at each end. One half is threaded to receive a bolt, and the other half has a mating hole through which the bolt can pass. Fig. 23 Steel...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) for microindentation hardness testing, and for quantification of microstructural parameters, either manually or by the use of image analyzers. In this article, it is assumed that the specimen or specimens being prepared are representative of the material to be examined. Random sampling, as advocated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to retain its required strength when exposed to in-service stresses and environmental factors. The joint should be designed to ensure a failure in one of the adherends rather than a failure within the adhesive bondline. Thermal expansion of dissimilar materials must be considered. Due to the large...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... material: modifying or substituting the basic polymer so that exposure to heat and oxygen will not produce rapid combustion, and using flame-retardant additives. It also provides an overview of the burning process and presents two flammability test methods. combustion properties fire resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract Torsion tests can be carried out on most materials, using standard specimens, to determine mechanical properties such as modulus of elasticity in shear, yield shear strength, ultimate shear strength, modulus of rupture in shear, and ductility. This article discusses the torsional...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
..., and permit the use of supporting members such as steady rests or boring-bar supports. In most operations, the workpiece is clamped to the face plate or chuck and is rotated by the spindle in the headstock, the boring tool is secured to a bracket mounted on the tool-post carriage, and power is supplied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...-dimensional welds; thus, the relative length of material that may expand due to thermal effects is greater than for typical macrowelds. Furthermore, thin sheet materials are extremely sensitive to buckling when placed in compression; thus, the macroscopic tendency to clamp everything securely in place may...