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Clamping damage

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... The article concludes with specific recommendations for reducting of seal friction and wear. abrasion seals cavitation damage chemical attack clamping compression set static seals dynamic seals corrosion dieseling damage extrusion damage friction installation damage reciprocating seals...
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 4 Representation of fretting wear damage in overhead power lines, inducing failure of a wire (located below the clamping assembly) More
Image
Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 23 Detailed view of the two sensors clamped to the recoater frame, with an automatic retraction system preventing sensor damage in case of collisions More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the factors to be considered for selecting fasteners for joining carbon fiber composites. These considerations include corrosion compatibility, fastener materials, strength, stiffness, head configurations, importance of clamp-up, hole fit, and lightning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... composite types and fiber materials to better utilize the advantages of the materials. For example, composite structures can be a combination of unidirectional inner plies to keep weight to a minimum and woven surface plies for reduced impact damage or hole preparation damage, and the woven material...
Image
Published: 01 January 2024
to rougher final overload. (b) Clamping rod fracture surface. Shiny spots are areas that rubbed as a result of postfracture damage. The scale is in 1/16 in. The presence of significant plastic deformation and a rough, fibrous fracture surface with a matte grey appearance are consistent with single event More
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract A fixture is a special workholding and supporting device designed and built for a particular part or shape that can be made by using standardized components, such as drill bushings, locating buttons, and clamping devices. This article provides a discussion on optimum fixture design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article describes how composite specimens are sectioned, documented, and labeled during sample preparation. The mounting procedures for the specimen are summarized. The article explains sample clamping, which involves not mounting the specimens using an adhesive or casting resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... that might have been a factor in the failure. In addition to these issues, when only one end of the sample must be gripped, assess whether the part can be held in a manner such that the region of interest remains in the clamp after the sectioning is performed. This will reduce the risk of damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... to be nonmagnetic may not be. Some clamp manufacturers use cheaper magnetic stainless steels in their clamps and carbon steel worms to reduce their costs. The use of lake, well, river, or city tap water directly in an induction power supply or heat station can cause severe damage. Even good quality water by its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... clamped over a 7.62 cm square opening for the static indentation tests and over a 7.62 by 12.7 cm rectangular opening for the impact tests. The damage diameters were calculated for a circle with area equal to the damage area in C-scan images. The results for static indentation and impact tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0006845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-387-4
... are discussed in this article. Tools of the trade can be as simple as a flashlight and a handheld magnifier, yet the wealth of information gained from visual examination can often identify the cause of fracture or serve as the foundation for further analysis. In the absence of severe postfracture damage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... 2 to 5 min, but very soft specimens can be damaged by the cavitation; therefore, ultrasonic cleaning should be limited to 30 s or less for these materials ( Ref 1 ). Mechanical Clamps Although mounting often involves encapsulation of the specimen in a cylindrical mold of plastic, mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0009154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... Fig. 5 Effective stress distributions at the end of the joining procedure. Source: Ref 7 To simulate crack generation in the riveting process, a damage criterion is necessary. The damage value is based on a macromechanical integral value and is calculated from maximum principal stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... 25 Two low-carbon sheet specimens butted together in a steel clamp. Note the excellent edge retention of both specimens. Marshall's reagent. 500× Grinding As previously mentioned, regardless of the type of equipment used to section a sample, surface damage will be present to some degree...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to small notches in near-uniform stress fields. Alternative sizing methods, involving design values derived from analysis and test correlation, are likely needed for combined stress states and stress concentrations associated with local structural detail or significant damage. For example, test results...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Thermoforming is a manufacturing process in which thermoplastic sheets are heated, softened, clamped onto a mold, and made to conform to the shape of the mold or forming tool. It is ideally suited to large-volume runs of small items. This article focuses on major phases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., special-purpose fasteners, and fasteners for composites. Rivets, pin fasteners, and special-purpose fasteners are usually designed for permanent or semipermanent installation. Threaded fasteners are any threaded part that, after assembly of the joint, may be removed without damage to the fastener...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... structural joints has been performed to support the development of fatigue provisions in structural design specifications. In general, the important factors affecting the fatigue strength of riveted (hot-driven) and friction bolted joints are clamping force, grip length, type of fastener, fastener pattern...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... through downstream processes and cause damage to the surface of formed parts, resulting in costly manual repair, as discussed in Ref 3 . For the second group of shearing, for example, shear slitting and trimming, as shown in Fig. 1 , important process parameters include clearance, overlap, cant...