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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., and residual stress levels. It discusses the application of brazed and soldered joints in sophisticated mechanical assemblies, such as aerospace equipment, chemical reactors, electronic packaging, nuclear applications, and heat exchangers. The article also provides a detailed discussion on the joining process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Fig. 7 Chemical vapor infiltration apparatus. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 4 Thermal-laser CVD growth mechanism Fig. 5 Photo-laser CVD apparatus Fig. 1 Thermal CVD reactor Fig. 2 Radio-frequency plasma CVD reactor configured for deposition on silicon wafers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... These applications include nuclear reactor vessels, heat exchangers, oil industry tubular, chemical processing components, pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil fuel electric power plants. The article provides a brief introduction on corrosion resistance of wrought stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... plasma enhancement. LPCVD, low-pressure chemical deposition; PECVD, plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Source: Ref 41 Fig. 5 Reactor for plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition of epitaxial silicon films. QMS, quadruple mass spectrometer. Source: Ref 48 Fig. 3 Schematic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... washcoated on a substrate honeycomb Abstract Abstract The chemical process being catalyzed should have a high productivity within a specified reactor volume with high reaction rates for the desired reactions and low rates for undesired reaction pathways. This article reviews the general catalyst...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Growth rate, μm/h (μin./h) 1.2 (47) Source: Ref 145 Fig. 5 Different gas flow patterns possible in chemical vapor deposition reactors. (a) Boundary layer of a gas flowing in a pipe and velocity distribution. (b) Stream lines showing adhered flow and break-away flow. (c) Flow patterns...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., industrial, marine gas turbines, nuclear reactors, spacecraft structures, petrochemical production, orthopedic and dental prostheses, and environmental protection applications. This article discusses the material characteristics, phases, structures, and systems of superalloys. It describes the processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of containment sprays discharging chemical solutions containing sodium borate, sodium thiosulfate, hydrazine, sodium hydroxide, or boric acid. These chemicals are designed to absorb neutrons and reduce fission activity within the reactor. The exact chemicals are plant specific. Other chemicals found within...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... require heat treating of the deposits to render them resistant to the acid. Glass-lined equipment, found in some chemical reactors, is another specialized niche for APS. Much of the chemical process industry uses such vessels and storage tanks for their corrosion resistance against strong acids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... structures, structural turbine parts 7 Cu-(Ti,Zr)-Ni eutectic and peritectic None Cladded strip, RS foil Titanium/zirconium-base alloys Titanium tubing, aircraft engines, honeycomb aircraft structures, aircraft structural parts, chemical reactors (a) May be produced as rapidly solidified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and the corrosion rate increases by a very significant factor of two. In addition to the barrier layer corresponding to the oxide, cruds may be formed during reactor operation and add an additional temperature increase or may change the local chemical conditions, affecting the corrosion rates ( Ref 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...% Fig. 3 The main components of a transpiring wall reactor. The numbers are used in text. Source: Adapted from Ref 16 Fig. 4 Potential-pH diagram for iron in supercritical aqueous solution at 400 °C (750 °F) and 50 MPa (500 bar), showing the approximate regions in potential-pH space...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... at points (“w,” “e,” “n,” “s”). Control volumes for the x (dark gray) and y (medium gray) components of fluid velocity are staggered. Fig. 10 Structure of a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactor simulation. PDE, partial differential equation Fig. 11 Effect of the inlet flow rate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...% yield strength Elongation in 50 mm (2 in.), % Grade UNS No. Sn Fe Cr Ni Nb O (a) MPa ksi MPa ksi Unalloyed reactor grade R60001 … … … … … 0.8 290 42 138 20 25 Zircaloy-2 R60802 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.05 … 0.12 413 60 241 35 20 Zircaloy-4 R60804 1.4 0.2 0.1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of construction to practical applications. The industries addressed are nuclear power, fossil and alternative fuel, land transportation, air transportation, microelectronics, chemical processing, pulp and paper, food and beverage, pharmaceutical and medical technology, petroleum and petrochemical, building...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... alloys, as specified in ASTM B 550, are given in Table 1 . For reactor grades, the hafnium content is reduced to a minimum and other impurities are closely controlled. Chemical compositions of the most common grades of nuclear-grade Zircaloys, as specified in ASTM B 351, are given in Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of the largest titanium mineral deposits in the world. This process uses Kroll chemistry for manufacturing the CP titanium powder ( Table 7 ) in a continuous fluidized-bed reactor ( Fig. 11 ). This process also uses continuous vacuum distillation. Chemical composition of TIRO process commercially pure titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... significantly changing the neutron flux, which controls the fission reactions. For example, the development of zirconium (very low-neutron-absorption material) plasma-sprayed coatings applied to high-neutron-flux test reactor fuel to prevent chemical reactions between the uranium fuel and the aluminum cladding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... around the world on the sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor. This concept led to large-scale research and development programs that have continued through more than two decades. The result is a vast wealth of knowledge related to sodium corrosion behavior in all its varied aspects. The body of information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of these isotopes, and similarly for most fission product isotopes, due to their chemical behavior and/or their low concentration in the coolant water, they contribute relatively little to the radiation fields from components of the primary reactor coolant system. Another potentially significant source...