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Cavitation corrosion

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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 26 Nucleate boiling-induced cavitation corrosion caused perforation at the exhaust valve port of this aluminum cylinder head. See the article “Engine Coolants and Coolant System Corrosion” in this Volume. More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 8 Nucleate boiling-induced cavitation corrosion caused perforation at the exhaust valve port of this aluminum cylinder head. More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 9 Severe cavitation corrosion in an aluminum cylinder head exhaust port manifold More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Erosion, cavitation, and impingement are mechanically assisted forms of material degradation that often contribute to corrosive wear. This article identifies and describes several tests that are useful for ranking the service potential of candidate materials under such conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of the cooling system. It discusses various forms of corrosion that occur in cooling systems, including uniform corrosion, galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, pitting corrosion, intergranular corrosion, erosion corrosion, and cavitation corrosion. The article presents information on engine coolant base...
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Published: 15 January 2021
erosion tester. Source: Ref 28 . Reproduced with permission from “Standard Test Method for Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets,” G 76, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International, 2019. (d) Cavitation-corrosion More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses corrosion resistance of titanium and titanium alloys to different types of corrosion, including galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), erosion-corrosion, cavitation, hot salt corrosion, accelerated crack propagation, and solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-Corrosion Cavitation-corrosion is another type of erosion-corrosion attack on a metal surface, caused by microjet impingement and via bubble collapse ( Ref 6 , 7 ). When a bubble (which can have both vapor and gas content) in a liquid collapses due to the change in pressure of the surrounding medium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., cavitation and water drop impingement, and corrosion fatigue. It describes the factors affecting the severity of fretting corrosion. The article also illustrates the relationship between corrosion fatigue and stress-corrosion cracking. mechanically assisted degradation corrosion wear fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... = 110 cS). Source: Ref 35 Ceramics Ceramics are used as components of hydraulic machinery and valves because of their superior corrosion, abrasion, and solid-particle erosion resistance. However, damage can occur by cavitation erosion. Some ceramics are more sensitive to cavitation than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... such as in seawater systems ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ). For corrosive liquids, a synergistic effect of cavitation and corrosion has been reported in the literature so that the overall damage rate is larger than the sum of the pure corrosion damage rate and the pure cavitation erosion rate. This is generally explained...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... such as opposite an inlet ( Fig. 25a ) and at a tube constriction ( Fig. 25b ). Another form of mechanically assisted corrosion, cavitation corrosion, is possible in an engine block ( Fig. 26 ) where exhaust gases cause the coolant to boil. Fig. 23 Galvanic corrosion of solid carbon steel hanger rods after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... selection for a particular wear mode. The corrosion modes include dry sliding, tribocorrosion, erosion, erosion-corrosion, cavitation, dry erosion, erosion-oxidation, galling and fretting. microstructure abrasion adhesive wear austenitic stainless steel corrosion resistance dry sliding duplex...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials with the aid of models and equations. It presents three examples of erosive wear failures, namely, abrasive erosion, erosion-corrosion, and cavitation erosion. abrasive erosion brittle materials cavitation erosion ductile materials erosion erosion corrosion EROSION...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... approximately 16% of global electricity production in 2010. Existing global capacity reached more than 1000 GW ( Ref 1 ). Hydroturbine components, such as guide vanes, runner blades, and labyrinth seals, are affected by cavitation, erosion, and corrosion or combinations thereof ( Ref 5 ). Cavitation occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of industries. This article describes the processes involved in erosion of ductile materials, brittle materials, and elastomers. Some examples of erosive wear failures are given on abrasive erosion, liquid impingement erosion, cavitation, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the article provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and failure. It provides a list of some common seal wear modes and failures, namely abrasion, cavitation damage, chemical attack, compression set, corrosion, damage during abrupt decompression, dieseling damage, extrusion damage, installation damage, spiral or rolling damage, and vaporization damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... occurs in aluminum-copper alloys. The article also describes three types of erosion-corrosion: liquid erosion-corrosion, cavitation, and fretting. It concludes with information on the various factors to be considered for material selection, including minimum cost or economic design, minimum corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... cavitation erosion and the latter is liquid-droplet erosion. This article emphasizes on manifestations of damage and ways to minimize or repair these types of liquid impact damage, with illustrations. cavitation erosion liquid impact erosion liquid-droplet erosion EROSION of solid surfaces can...
Image
Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 1 Typical damage in sliding bearings caused by different wear processes. (a) Surface fatigue. (b) Abrasive wear. (c) Adhesive wear (scoring). (d) Erosive wear (cavitation). (e) Corrosion More